Australian ski lift directory.
Details of all 400 ski lifts and passenger ropeways that have operated in Australia
22 February 2018. Thredbo has filed an application to replace Merritts fixed grip double chairlift with a Doppelmayr designed gondola costing $10.67 million. The gondola will follow the same path as the chairlift, but with a slightly higher mid station. The lift will have 50 cabins able to carry 8 passengers each. It be 1311 metres long with a 299 m vertical rise and have 13 towers compared with 17 for the old chairlift. It will run at 5 metres per second providing a 6 minute ride, much faster than to up to 20 minutes at present. Capacity will increase from 520 to 2000 passengers per hour.
Construction is planned to begin with demolition of the old lift in October 2018 and the gondola will debut at the start of the 2019 ski season. It will be the first new lift at Thredbo (excluding carpets) since 1994. The current Merritts chairlift first ran in 1968 and is Australia's last remaining Riblet lift. The vast number of documents necessary to satisfy modern bureaucracy can be viewed at this link, the first 8 pages of the Statement of environmental effects summarise the project.
8 December 2017. Perisher announced a new fixed grip quad chairlift to replace the Leichhardt T-bar and Home handle tow for the 2019 season. 18 months notice before opening allows skiers the 2018 season to farewell the old lifts. which were built in 1976 and 1982 respectively. Media release. The budget for the chairlift and "significant" additional snow making is a relatively modest $4.2 million, reflecting both the short length of the new lift and that it will be fixed grip rather than detachable.
26 September 2017. Falls Creek has announced that it will replace its Eagle triple chairlift dating from 1980 with a new $9 millon Leitner-Poma detachable quad chairlift. The new lift will be operating by the start of the 2018 ski season. This will be the first lift built by Merlin Entertainments since they bought Falls Creek and Mt Hotham in 2011. Media releases in Snowsbest and the Border Mail.
3 December 2016. The Arthurs Seat Eagle gondola formally opened. Located at Dromana to the south of Melbourne, it is the first dedicated gondola in Victoria, although a 'chondola' has operated at Mt Buller since 1986.
Older news stories are in section 21 towards the end of this web page.
© David Sisson 2007 - 2018.
Click on the main headings to go to that section.
2. Types of ski lifts
2.1 Aerial lifts
2.2 Surface lifts with an elevated cable
2.3 Surface lifts with a low level cable
2.4 Lift Manufacturers
3. Australian Capital Territory
4. Ben Lomond
5. Charlotte Pass
6. Falls Creek
7. Mt Baw Baw
8. Mt Buffalo
9. Mt Buller
10 Mt Hotham
11 Mt Mawson
12 New South Wales, outside resorts
13 Perisher (including Smiggin Holes, Guthega and Blue Cow)
14 Selwyn Snow Resort
15 Tasmania: proposed resorts and proposed gondolas
17 Victoria, outside resorts
18 Other passenger ropeways (non snow)
19 Proposed ski developments outside snow fields
20 Cross country ski resorts (no lifts)
21 Older news stories. See top of page for latest news
22.2 Other ski lift directories
22.3 Ski lift manufacturers
This article lists all 400 ski lifts and passenger ropeways that have operated in Australia including a few dozen lifts away from the snowfields. The dates cited are the ski seasons a lift operated (or if a lift didn't run in poor snow seasons, the years it was available to operate). Also included are a few planned lifts where details have been published.
Lift companies. Lifts at most resorts began with individuals and clubs taking the initiative. This meant that except at Thredbo, Mt Mawson and Charlotte Pass, skiers had to choose which lifts they would buy tickets for. In the 1950's there were four different groups running lifts at each of Buller, Falls Creek and in the Perisher area. The early 1960's saw most of the small operators close down or sell out, but Baw Baw only gained a single lift company in 1981 and Buller's lifts only came under a single company 1985. The four adjoining ski areas in the greater Perisher region were finally combined in 1995. The last resort with two lift companies was Ben Lomond where Alpine Enterprises and Tasmanian Ski Lifts competed with each other until 2001.
Ski lifts outside resorts. Generally the clubs that operate lifts on Mt St Bernard, the Bogong High Plains and at Cabramurra only permit members and their guests to use the lifts as their liability insurance doesn't cover outsiders. But if you know someone or can spin a convincing story, you may be able to hitch a ride.
Ski areas without lifts. Mt Donna Buang was Australia's only true ski resort before the Second World War and had four ski lodges, cafes, a ski hire, day shelters, six cleared ski runs and a huge ski jump, but it never had ski lifts. Likewise both the Feathertop Bungalow and Mt St Bernard Hospice were very popular commercial ski lodges before they were burnt in the 1939 fires, but no lifts were built at either location until the 1950's when a couple were installed on St Bernard. In NSW the Hotel Kosciusko at Diggers Creek was a popular pre war ski destination, but no lifts were built nearby until about 1950 when the heyday of the resort was already over and most skiers were heading further up the road to Perisher and Charlotte Pass. The present day cross country ski resorts have never had lifts either except for Corin Forest near Canberra which has a 75 metre carpet.
Proposed resorts. A network of chairlifts and Pomas complete with an access gondola was proposed for Mt Rufus in Tasmania in the early 1970's. At about the same time Florentine Peak near Mt Mawson was assessed for it's viability as a modern ski resort, but sadly nothing eventuated at either location. A plan for developing Mt Stirling in Victoria was released in the early 1980's and another was produced in the mid 1990's, but nothing happened there either. A 1950 report on developing Victoria's ski fields recommended development of an 'alpine village' at Mt Wills, but the only things built there were a single lodge, a refuge hut and two lifts. Since Thredbo was established in 1957, the only new lifted ski area has been Mt Blue Cow in New South Wales, now part of Perisher ski resort.
Resort logos. I've added every resort logo I can track down, but there are some missing from the early days. Please email me any older ones you may come across.
Lift lengths. Where information on the length of a lift has been found in several different sources, it sometimes differs by 5 or 10 percent. This may be due to the difference between the actual length of the path on the ground and the distance on a map which does not take the vertical into account. If research has turned up two slightly different lengths, the official length as stated by the lift operator has been cited. Of course several lifts were lengthened or shoretned during their lifetimes and those lifts have the differing distances explained in the notes section.
Sources. This web page began ten years ago as a small personal project out of frustration at less than accurate reports relating to ski lifts in books and magazines and I didn't bother to cite sources. However it's grown into a bit of a monster with over 400 lifts and 280,000 page views, so in hindsight I wish I'd footnoted it. However I've been careful to only list lifts that have been reported in reliable histories (resort histories are noted at the end of each section) or which appear in contemporary publications. The only exception is the backcountry NSW lifts section where I've had to rely on verbal reports. If you want to know the source of any information on this page, please email me and I should be able to respond within a few days.
Copyright. This article is copyright, so please don't reproduce it without permission. If you use parts of it in compiling articles or books, I'd be grateful for an acknowledgement of my work by name and a link to this web page. Thanks.
Finally, this sort of research takes a lot of time and it will probably always be a work in progress. In particular, details of early lifts at Perisher and backcountry lifts in NSW are a little shaky and the Mt Buffalo section needs more information. If you notice any errors, omissions or you have extra information, please email: sisson.dave at yahoo.com.au © David Sisson 2007 - 2018.
2. Types of ski lifts
Only the "Big Five" resorts (Buller, Falls, Hotham, Perisher and Thredbo) have quad chairs, the smaller resorts have a combination of surface lifts, double chairs and triple chairs. Victorian resorts tend to replace their lifts far more often than their NSW counterparts. In the last 65 years there have been 17 lifts built to serve Bourke Street on Mt Buller. By contrast the Mt Perisher Double Chair is 56 years old and several other lifts at Perisher and Thredbo are not much younger.
2.1 Aerial lifts
Chairlifts in Australia have been built to seat 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 and 8 people per chair. Most chairlifts are fixed grip, with chairs directly attached to the lift cable, most cables move at about 2.3 metres per second. Detachable chairlifts remove the chair from the cable near the top and bottom stations and move it slowly through the terminals, allowing passengers to get on and off a slow moving chair (around 1 metre per second). This means the main cable can move much faster, around 5 metres per second (18 km/h). However detachables are much more expensive to build and maintain, so the more economical, but slower, fixed grip chairs are still being at built at major resorts around the world for lifts under about 1 km long.
Chairlift capacity is determined by the speed of the cable, the number of people per chair and the spacing of chairs. The highest capacity for a quad is 3000 per hour, which would mean a fairly quick 4.8 second interval between chairs. However most quads have a nominal capacity of around 2400. The real number moved is usually lower due to stoppages, not all chairs carrying the maximum number of people and the lift not running at full speed. A few lifts also have 'generously' spaced towers, meaning that chairs are spaced further apart to keep the weight on the cable down.
Australia's first (and only) single chairlift was built at Falls Creek by Bob Hyman in 1957. The first double chair was Thredbo's Crackenback in 1958. Triple chairs appeared in 1976 when the Back Perisher Triple was built. 1984 saw the advent of the quad chair with Big D at Hotham and Blue Bullets 1 and 2 at Buller. Australia's only eight seat chairlift is Perisher's Village built in 2003 and the only 'six pack' in the country is Abom Express which opened at Buller in 2008. Buller's Blue Bullets were also notable for being the first detachable chairlifts in the country.
Australia's longest chairlifts were the two that briefly connected Thredbo Valley to Charlotte Pass in 1964 and 1965 at 4757 and 3323 metres. The longest existing chairlift is the Kosciusko Express (formerly named Crackenback) at Thredbo which at 1860 m is marginally longer than the Horse Hill (or Northside) quad at Mt Buller. The shortest ski chairlift was the 160 metre long Valley chairlift at Mt Buffalo which last ran in 2006. The shortest operating ski chairlift is probably New Chum at Selwyn.
Gondolas. A gondola is an aerial ropeway with enclosed cabins where passengers walk in and sit facing each other. There are usually racks on the outside of each cabin for skis and snowboards. At overseas ski fields and in Australian tourist areas, gondolas are a separate type of lift. In 2018 Thredbo submitted a plan to authorities to build a gondola, none have yet been built in Australian ski fields. However there have been a couple of 'chondolas' or 'combination lifts' as some manufacturers call them; detachable chairlifts which can also have gondola cabins attached to the cable. They are Horse Hill at Buller and Thredbo's Kosciusko Express. Buller appears to only use its gondolas occasionally, but Thredbo regularly uses theirs to transport passengers at night to the restaurant at the top of Kosci Express. The longest gondolas in Australia are Skyrail between Cairns and Kuranda in Queensland. Skyrail is two different lifts (passengers change over at a mid station), they have a combined length of 7,500 metres.
In 2009, the Falls Creek resort plan proposed replacing the Gully triple chair with a gondola. Similarly the 2010 Buller master plan included a proposal for a gondola connecting the overnight car parks with the town centre. A less likely plan is the 2009 local tourist authority proposal for a gondola on Mt Buffalo, a little to the south of the (then) toll road. However they didn't mention any financial backers for their dream.
Finally in 2016 the Tasmanian Parks and Wildlife Service and Tourism Industry Council proposed a 7 km gondola at Cradle Mountain to replace over loaded mini bus shuttles along the narrow road from the Visitors Centre to Lake Dove at the base of Cradle Mountain. The southern gondola terminus would be an underground building on the site of the present carpark. However as a Mercury report explains, this ambitious plan is unfunded, although the accompanying video makes the whole project look very appealing and much less intrusive than the current situation.
The most recent Australian gondola is the Arthurs Seat Eagle on the Mornington Peninsula south of Melbourne which opened in 2016. The proposed Mt Wellington Cable Car on the outskirts of Hobart is the most ambitious plan. It incorporates a Doppelmayr gondola on the lower slopes of the mountain with passengers changing to an aerial tram to ascend the upper slopes to the summit.
Aerial Trams or Cable Cars. These lifts have two large cabins permanently attached to the cable and shuttle between the termini. The cabins never go around the bullwheels and when a cabin arrives at the terminus, the direction the cable travels in is reversed. While they are popular at overseas resorts, none have been built at Australian ski fields. However two trams, Scenic Skyway and Scenic Cableway operate at Katoomba in the Blue Mountains west of Sydney. In addition to the proposal for Mt Wellington in Hobart, in 2014 a group in Sheffield in northern Tasmania floated a proposal for an aerial tram up nearby Mt Roland.
2.2 Surface lifts with an elevated cable
All resorts started out with surface lifts (also called drag tows). They are much cheaper to build and maintain than chairlifts and are not as vulnerable to high winds. However they are not as 'beginner friendly', and they usually have a much lower capacity. They also need a consistent uphill slope. Sadly, surface lifts have been phased out by most major resorts except for areas high above the treeline that are exposed to strong winds. However at Perisher and the smaller resorts, they continue to play an important role.
T-bars. T-bars consist of several parts. The first is a stick with a bar across the bottom which looks like an inverted T shape. Skiers and boarders lean on this bar, holding on to the central stick. This T-bar is connected to a retractable cord running from a spring box which is permanently attached to the elevated moving lift cable. Because they are fixed grip, T-bars tend to run at fairly modest speeds. The first T-bars in Australia were the 1957 Township Hill T-bar at Kiandra and the short lived Gam Tow at Thredbo. The longest was probably the Tyrol T-bar at Mt Buller which was 1,610 metres long before it was shortened.
J-bars. Essentially they are single T-bars. A few were built in the early days of ski lifts, but none have been built in Australia for half a century because they cost the same to build and run as T-bars, but only transport half as many people. However after snowboarders experienced difficulties riding the platters at Ben Lomond, some J-bars were added to lifts at that resort for the 2009 season. The first J-bar in the country was installed at Charlotte Pass in 1938. It was only the second ski lift in Australia.
Platters (or button tows). Platter lifts look a bit like Poma lifts because skiers are hauled uphill by a button between their legs, but they are fixed grip and the platter has a retractable cord connected to a spring box, so they operate like single person T-bars.
Poma lifts. Pomas are the only detachable grip surface lift still used at major resorts. Sticks are stored in a rack at the bottom of the lift. Passengers move to the front of the lift queue, grab a spring loaded stick and put the button between their legs. At the same time, the grip at the top end of the stick attaches to a moving overhead cable. This can either by manually activated by a liftie or automatically by skiers tripping a switch as they move past. Pomas are the only surface lift found at resorts where self loading works in practice (although this is standard procedure for nutcracker tows at club fields). There have been experiments with self loading T-bars and platters, but skiers and boarders don't seem to be able to cope with them.
Because they are detachable, Pomas are by far the fastest drag lift, the legendary International Poma at Falls Creek had a speed of 4.2 metres per second until a new and slower motor was installed. The speed record for any Australian ski lift belongs to the former double ended Howqua - Summit Access Poma at Buller which operated at 6.5 m/s for staff access, but was restricted to 4 m/s when open to the public.
Confusingly, many platters are described as Pomas, presumably because they both use a button between a skiers legs to move them uphill, even though they are different types of lifts in every other respect.
Pomas are the only type of ski lift that can easily accommodate bends in their path (T-bars and chairs can have bends, but they are awkward and expensive to build). Half the Pomas built in Australia had bends, Brockhoff at Hotham and Cresta at Buffalo had two. Pomas were very popular in Victoria and at one stage there were four of them running parallel to each other at Buller. However they were never as popular in NSW. An early form of Poma first ran in 1960 at Smiggin Holes and at Sponar's Inn. More modern Pomas made their appearance in 1964 at Buller, Hotham, Charlotte Pass and Falls Creek. The longest Poma to run in Australia is the 1219 metre International at Falls Creek, which is one of only six Pomas still operating in this country.
2.3 Surface lifts with a low level cable
Put simply, a rope tow has an unsupported rope which the skier grasps in their hands to be hauled a short distance up a gentle slope. A handle tow is similar, but has plastic handles attached to the rope making it easier for a skier to get a secure hold. A typical nutcracker tow is far more complex. Along its track it has towers or poles with pulleys to support the rope a metre above the snow, a tensioning system to keep the rope tight, specifically designed and fabricated parts like pulleys and bull wheels and a proper, weatherproof engine shed. Because they are often steep and it is awkward to grip the rope in a gloved hand as it passes over pulleys, a rope gripper (or nutcracker) is almost essential when using a nutcracker tow.
Nutcracker tows. Some modern skiers who don't venture beyond the main resorts are unfamiliar with nutcracker tows. But almost every ski resort in Australia and New Zealand began with them. While they have been replaced at the resorts, nutcrackers can still be found at 'club fields'. A nutcracker (or rope gripper) is a device attached to a belt worn by a skier that clamps onto a moving rope at waist level, allowing the skier to be towed uphill. The height of the rope and the pulleys that support it are adjusted according to snow levels. While it may not be necessary to use a nutcracker on short, gently graded rope tows, it is difficult for skiers to hold onto a rope with their hands on steeper tow lines or where the rope passes over a pulley. Riding nutcrackers explained, Powderhound article on nutcrackers.
Most Australian nutcracker tows were derived from those designed by Bill (later Sir William) Hamilton in New Zealand. Hamilton installed his first ski tow at Coronet Peak in 1947 and within a few years had perfected the Hamilton Model B design that has been used ever since. Because it was easily copied and readily available material could be substituted for Hamilton parts, (such as modified wheel rims for rope pulleys), many nutcracker lifts were home made and built by the groups that ran them. As they don't have tall towers, nutcracker tows can be moved fairly easily and some Australian tows have operated at four locations.
The first nutcracker tow in Australia was on Bourke Street, Mt Buller when an earlier rope tow was upgraded to a nutcracker tow for the 1950 season. The longest nutcracker was probably the Crackenback Tow at Thredbo (as it was in 1957). One of the newer nutcracker lifts also claims to be the longest and steepest. The Heritage Express Tow at the small Roundhill resort in New Zealand first ran in 2010. It is 1473 metres long with a 626 metre rise.
Handle tows are short, portable ski lifts with plastic handles permanently attached to a waist high cable. To move uphill, a skier just grabs one of the handles and holds on. They are also known as Pony Lifts at some overseas locations.
Rope tows. This term is often used to include nutcrackers and handle tows, but a true rope tow is one where the rope is not supported by pulleys and the skier or boarder simply grasps the rope in their hands and where the rope drags through the snow. (See one at 8:36 in this 1950 video of Mt Buffalo.) Parts for early rope tows were often adapted from second hand material such as using truck wheel rims as very basic bullwheels. They are only practical for short and gently graded slopes as an unsupported cable dragging on the snow places heavy demands on the motor. Typical modern examples are the Canyon tows at Buller which assist skiers over slight bumps on a mostly downhill access trail. In this directory many of the old lifts described as rope tows were probably nutcrackers as the distinction between the two types of lifts is a grey area. The first ski lift in Australia was the rope tow made out of recycled railway tracks that was built at Mt Buffalo in 1937.
Carpets. (Also known as Conveyors or Magic Carpets.) A carpet lift is simply a conveyor belt at ground level. They move quite slowly (around 1.2 metres a second) and are used exclusively for gentle beginners slopes as they do not require any technique to ride other than the ability to stand up. Australia's first carpet lift was installed at Mt Thebarton in Adelaide in 1987 to service the world's first indoor ski slope.
Carousels. Look a bit like oversized rotary clothes lines that pull small children around in a circle. At times, Mt Buller, Perisher, Hotham and Charlotte Pass have listed them as lifts, but that is probably stretching the definition of a ski lift a bit far.
Funicular Railways. A railway or tramway with parallel tracks on a steep slope with two cars connected by a cable. The descending car counterbalances the ascending car, while an engine house at the top provides any necessary power or braking. While many Australian funiculars were built for timber harvesting and hydro electric purposes, only a few have taken passengers, none of them at ski areas. The most recent proposal to build one was in 2005 for the Maydena Hauler in southern Tasmania.
2.4 Lift Manufacturers
In recent decades ski lift and aerial ropeway manufacture across the world has been dominated by Doppelmayr-Garaventa and Leitner-Poma. While a few new lift makers have emerged in Europe and North America, so far none of them have installed lifts in Australia.
In earlier times there were many more lift makers, but by the end of the 20th century most had either gone out of business or been taken over. The advent of detachable chairlifts seems to have been a determining factor, mid sized companies appear to have lacked the capital and the economies of scale to develop, build and maintain the more complex technology involved.
The Swiss manufacturer Mueller built early chairlifts at Thredbo and Perisher (the 1961 Mt Perisher Double is one of the oldest surviving Muellers in the world) while the American company Riblet also built chairlifts in NSW. However foreign products were not always successful in Australian conditions. The Mueller Crackenback chair at Thredbo regularly derailed and had to be partially rebuilt using material supplied by Riblet. One case that pointed to the future was when Blue Lifts at Mt Buller installed the world's first Doppelmayr double chair, rhime build up in Mt Buller's damp and foggy conditions became a major problem. In contrast to Mueller (which appears to have left Thredbo to sort out it's own problems with the Crackenback chair), when Doppelmayr received photos and a description of the severity of the problem, they sent engineers to Buller to study and rectify it. Perhaps that is a pointer to the reasons why Doppelmayr survived and prospered while most of it's competitors went out of business. In any case, Buller has retained a strong brand loyalty for Dopp products ever since.
Local manufacturers were initially on the scene too. Many rope tows and a few nutcrackers were home made in small workshops (although the most reliable nutcrackers were Hamilton branded ones imported from New Zealand). Some local products like Gam T-bars were not a success, but others like Vladimir Hayek's Australasian Ropeway built a number of chairlifts. The most successful local lift maker was Ron McCallum who built reliable and long lived T-bars and chairlifts at several ski resorts as well as tourist chairlifts at locations away from the mountains.
Links to lift makers websites are in Section 22 at the end of this article.
3. Australian Capital Territory
|Mt Franklin||Nutcracker||Canberra Alpine Club||1957 - late 60's||Brumby Tow||Operated on Little Ginini, Slalom Run, Nursery Run|
|Mt Franklin||Hook Tow||Canberra Alpine Club||1965 only||Austin A40 Tow||Operated on Slalom Run|
|Little Ginini||. ?||John Dowling||1959 - 1960||-||Probably moved to Mt Selwyn|
|Mt Ginini||. ?||RMC Ski Club||1957 - mid 60's||-||-|
|Corin Forest||Platter||Corin Forest||1980's - c.1995||-||The lift was a Schippers “Bambi” button tow|
|Corin Forest||Carpet||Corin Forest||2016 - present||-||75 metre long Sunkid carpet|
More on ACT ski history.
Matthew Higgins. Skis on the Brindabellas. Tabletop Press, 1994. Second edition, 2008.
© David Sisson 2007 - 2018. This list was first published on 23 July 2007 and has been updated regularly since then.
4. Ben Lomond
|Unnamed||Windlass||Home made||1960 - ?||-||?||Powered by lawn mower engine, one rider at a time. Designed by Tony Godfrey-Smith, built by Harley Smith|
|Thirty Second [1.]||Nutcracker||Club members||1963 - 1984||370 / 85||Above current Bass tow||NTAC. Originally c.244/76. Extended at base 1964 & 72?, at top 1975|
|Big Ben [1.]||Nutcracker||Club members||1967 - 1984||425 / 78||B/w Fannys & Bills||NTAC. Used parts from Mt Buller's Bourke St rope tow|
|Summit [1.]||Platter||Yac||1973 - 1991||327 / 86||-||Alpine Enterprises. 370 m long, 80 m rise|
|Fannys [1.]||Platter||Yac||1973 - 1978||-||-||Alpine Enterprises. 300 m long, 73 m rise|
|Beginners / Village||Platter||Yac||1973 - present||260 / 55||-||A.E. 300 m long, 35 m rise. Renamed in 1980's|
|Giblin||Platter||Yac||1976 - present||245 / 52||-||AE. Closed 09, PWS refused maint access to tower by vehicle or heli|
|Fannys [2.]||T-bar||Doppelmayr||1979 - present||254 / 68||-||Alpine Enterprises|
|Creek Run||Platter||Yac||1979 - 2010||325 / 28||-||Relocated Fanny's platter. Relocated in 2011 to Big Ben|
|Bills||T-bar||Doppelmayr||1985 - present||-||-||Alpine Enterprises|
|Thirty Second [2.]||Poma||Pomagalski||1985 - 2002?||-||Above current Bass tow||NTAC. Formerly on Mt Buller Summit|
|Big Ben [2.]||Poma||Pomagalski||1985 - 2002?||-||B/w Fanny's & Bill's||NTAC. Formerly on Mt Buller Summit|
|Summit [2.]||T-bar||Doppelmayr||1992 - present||-||-||Alpine Enterprises|
|Bass||Poma?||-||? - present||-||-||Built on lower section of 30 Sec, used some of its parts|
|Big E||Platter||Yac||2011 - present||-||Big Ben slope||Relocated Creek Platter|
|Creek Inn-base of Bill's||2-Chair-F||Doppelmayr||c.1990||-||Thirty Second||TSL. Formerly Mt Buller's Bourke St chair. See note below|
|Village - Thirty Second||T-bar||Doppelmayr||2009||-||-||Relocate & extend Fannys. Base of Village - top of Fannys|
|Big Ben slope||Platter||Yac||2009||-||-||Relocated Village Platter|
In common with Mt Buller and Mt Baw Baw, for a time Ben Lomond's ski lifts were run by two companies. Alpine Enterprises (AE) was established in 1973 by Eryl Williams, Brian Hill and Arvids Endelmanis. The Northern Tasmanian Alpine Club's (NTAC) first tow was built by Eddie Hausegger and Bill Mitchell in 1963. In 1990 the lifts were split off from the club to become Tasmanian Ski Lifts (TSL).
Installation of the chairlift that formerly ran on Bourke St at Mt Buller, was repeatedly delayed by bureaucracy, eventually TSL simply gave up trying to get around the new barriers that were constantly put in the way of installing the lift and abandoned the project. Early this century the chairlift was still stored on a nearby farm, but apparently the drive terminal was then sold to a horse breeder to be used for training purposes while the rest was sold as scrap metal, a sad end for what was the first Doppelmayr double chairlift in the world. :(
Some years after the chairlift fiasco, TSL was refused permission to operate their Pomas by the former Ben Lomond Skifield Management Authority and told to remove their lifts. Eventually AE was given salvage rights to them and Thirty Second and Big Ben were removed.
There is a passing reference to a ski tow on Ben Lomond on p.24 of Skiers novice handbook published circa 1958. However this is the only mention I have found of it and several people I have spoken to who worked on the mountain in the early 1960s are confident that it never existed. My conclusion is that the mention in the handbook may be a confused reference to Cuming's tow at Mt Mawson. Any further information would be appreciated.
30 Second named by in November 1931 when a party including Fred Smithies skied on a late spring snowdrift near Legges Tor with the descent of the drift taking exactly half a minute.
Other than runs with the same names as lifts, the only named runs at Ben Lomond are:
- Little Slalom to skiers left of Summit lift, loops around to the lift line half way down.
- Milk Run to skiers left of Fannies to top of Village left.
- Coal Mine to skiers right from top of Giblin.
More on Ben Lomond history.
David M. Harvey. The Ben Lomond Story. The author, 2000.
Thanks to "Ben Lomond Brad" and "Bulldozer" for help with this list.
© David Sisson 2007 - 2018. This list was first published on 4 August 2007 and has been updated regularly since then.
5. Charlotte Pass
|Ski Hoist, aka. The Meat Hook||J-bar||NSW Railways||1938 - 1952||< 122 / ?||Pulpit Rock||2nd ski lift in Aust. Replaced by rope tow|
|Sponar's||Rope tow||-||1952?||c.46-61 m||Wood Run||Was to operate in '53, but Sponar ill with T.B.|
|Pulpit Rock||Nutcracker||-||1953 - 1962||-||-||Rope tow 1953, converted to nutcracker in '54|
|Woodrum||Nutcracker||-||1958 - 1962||600 / ?||Chalet Dam-Lit Stillwell||600 metres long, replaced by double chair|
|Thredbo Valley-Stillwell Restaurant||2-Chair-F||Carlevaro or..||1964 - 1965||4757 / -||-||Abandoned due to strong winds & derailing -|
|Stillwell Restaurant-Charlotte Pass||2-Chair-F||...Mueller???||1964 - 1965||3323 / -||-||- Combined length = 5 km. Cost £1,200,000!|
|Pulpit||Poma||Pomagalski||1963 - 1966||-||-||Replaced by a T-bar. Poma moved to Basin|
|Rope Tow||Portable rope||-||19?? - 2007||-||-||Usually operated between Basin & Kangaroo|
|Guthries||Poma||Pomagalski||1963 - present||580 / 133||-||Occasionally spelt 'Gutheries' on trail maps|
|Basin||Poma||-||1968 - present||260 / 43||-||Moved from Pulpit|
|Pulpit||T-bar||-||1968 - present||310 / 95||-||Replaced a Poma. Was a duplex T-bar in 1970's|
|Kangaroo Ridge / Kosciusko||3-Chair-F||Pomagalski||1980 - present||670 / 154||-||Name changed 2009?|
|Kosci Carpet||Carpet||-||2008 - present||-||B/w Basin & Kosci trip||-|
|Charlotte's Carousel||Carousel||-||2012 - present||-||In front of Chalet||Probably doesn't quite qualify as a lift?|
Around 2009 a double chair with markings indicating it came from Mt Baw Baw was moved to Cooma Airport. Rumours said that it may have been destined for Charlotte Pass. In late 2013 the scattered components were still there, quietly rusting.
Information on the 1960's Pulpit lifts is a bit ambiguous. Sponar's tow had previously run at St Christoph, Austria in 1949, it was the first tow at that resort. Woodrum may have been demolished at the end of the 1962 winter rather than after the 1963 season. Current trail map.
The former Thredbo Valley - Charlotte Pass chairlifts have a page on a wiki here. Parts of them have been reassembled to make a chairlift at Wollongong which still operates. See Section 18 of this page Other passenger ropeways.
More on Charlotte Pass history.
Rick Walkom. Skiing off the roof: the Kosciusko Chalet at Charlotte Pass and its place in the history of the Australian snowfields. Arlberg Press, 1991. Reprinted by Tabletop Press, 2000. Second edition 2008.
Thanks to Bob McLennan for information on lifts in the 1960's.
© David Sisson 2007 - 2018. This list was first published on 16 July 2007 and has been updated regularly since then.
6. Falls Creek
|Myrtleford Ski Club tow||Rope tow||Gordon Muller||1951 - 1960?||90 / 25||?||Initial site uncertain, moved closer to Nissen in 1953|
|Nissen||Nutcracker||Hamilton||1951 - 1960||568 / 213||Summit||Nissen Alp Club (Toni St Elmo) Capacity 5, so long queue 6/- day in 1951. Had Buick engine. Shortened by 122m in 1952 as rope often buried near cornice by snowfall|
|Hyman's Skyline||Portable rope tow||Ron McCallum||1954 - ?||-||Mostly on upper Grand Couer||Bob Hyman, operated top left of summit in '57|
|Alpine Chair Lift||1-Chair-F||Locally made||1957 - 1961?||380 / 120||Near Grand Couer run||Bob Hyman. 1st chairlift in Aust. 40 chairs, 1.5 m/s. See notes below|
|Village (left side)||Nutcracker||Jock Wilson||1958 - 1960||? / 50||Went to Raceline||Fred Griffith, Bill Bridgeford & others|
|Village (right side)||Nutcracker||Jock Wilson||1958 - 1960||-||Village run||Fred Griffith et. al. Double the length of left side|
|Dog Patch / Collis||Nutcracker||-||1958 - c.1962||-||Sth of Nissen on Summit||Marshall Collis and others, moved to Hotham|
|Nursery Tow ||Rope tow||-||1961 - ?||-||Below Dogpatch||Shown on map below|
|Nursery Tow ||Rope tow||-||1961 - ?||-||Site of current Tube lift||Shown on map below|
|Summit||T-bar||Ron McCallum||1961 - 1991||793 / 204||-||Alpine Developments, designed & built by Ron McCallum|
|Village / Spur||T-bar||Ron McCallum||1961 - 1999||466 / 122||-||Replaced & ext Vil nutcrackers. Length/vert also cited as 470/114|
|Gully||2-Chair-F||McCallum/Dopp||1964 - 1981||456 / 76||-||Mostly McCallum but had Dopp drive & other moving parts|
|Nursery / Baby||Poma||Poma||1964 -2001?||153 / 30||Near current Tube lift||Still in operation 1998. Length/vert also cited as 170 /38|
|Sun Valley||T-bar||Ron McCallum||1967 - 1988||826 / 168||-||Replaced by Scott quad. May have had 210 metre vertical|
|International||Poma||Poma||1969 - present||1219/ 277||-||See notes below. Length/Vert also cited as 1149/263|
|Saddle / Link Lift||T-bar||Ron McCallum||1969 - 2000||265 / 30||Access b/w Summit & Sun Val||Still operating '98, towers standing '10|
|Nursery (Baby) duplicate||Poma||Poma||1972 - 2000?||170 / 38||-||-|
|Ruined Castle||Poma||-||1973 - 1994||732 / 140||-||Replaced by Ruined Castle quad chair|
|Mitey Mite||Portable handle||-||1975 - ?||? /various||Various||-|
|Lakeside||Poma||M/Mautino||1976 - present||737 / 140||-||Length/vert also cited as 688/140|
|Dogpatch||Poma||-||1979 - 1992?||148 / 27||B/w Nursery & Summit||-|
|Panorama||Poma||Poma||1979 - 2003?||790 / 135||-||Replaced by Drovers Dream quad. Length/vert also cited as 590/71|
|Playground ||Platter||Schippers||1980 - 2005||278 / 28||-||Replaced by Monkey Bar Platter|
|Playground ||Poma||Poma||1984 - 2005||300 / 28||-||Replaced by Monkey Bar Platter|
|Eagle||3-Chair-F||Poma||1980 - 2017||693 / 190||-||Length/vert also cited as 700/193. Replaced by a detachable quad chair|
|Headwater||Poma||Schippers||1980 - 2000||490 / 56||B/w Summit & Ruined C||Still operating in 1998. Length/vert also cited as 428/55|
|Towers||Duplex T-bar||Leitner||1981 - 1998||692 / 138||-||Replaced by Towers quad. Length/vert also cited as 704/134|
|Gully||3-Chair-F||Poma||1982 - present||475 / 76||-||Replaced Gully double chair. Length/Vert also cited as 407/70|
|Big Dipper||Duplex T-bar||-||1983 - 1999?||800 / 140||South west of Ruined C||Possibly gone by 1998|
|Tom Thumb||Platter||Schippers||1986 - 2005||124 / 14||Present Mouse Trap site||Replaced by Mouse Trap enclosed carpet|
|Halleys Comet/ Bilia/ FC Express||4-Chair-D||Doppelmayr||1986 - present||920 / 207||-||Bilia Bullet '02?-'04, Falls Express '06 -|
|Scott||4-Chair-F||Doppelmayr||1989 - present||758 / 155||-||Replaced Sun Valley T-bar|
|Summit||4-Chair-F||Doppelmayr||1992 - present||587 / 187||-||Replaced Summit T-bar|
|Ruined Castle||4-Chair-F||Doppelmayr||1995 - present||650 / 150||-||Replaced Poma. Has conveyor to speed loading|
|Towers||4-Chair-F||Garaventa||1999 - present||613 / 137||-||Replaced Towers twin T-bar|
|Boardwalk||Carpet lift||-||2004 - present||-||-||-|
|The Tube||Carpet lift||-||2004 - present||-||Site of Nursery Poma||-|
|Drover's Dream||4-Chair-F||Leitner Poma||2004 - present||710 / ?||Replaced Panorama||Bought from Leitner-Poma Canada, not Poma Aust|
|Mouse Trap||Enclosed carpet||-||2006 - present||-||Site of Tom Thumb||Replaced Tom Thumb poma|
|Monkey Bar||Platter lift||Doppelmayr||2006 - present||271 /?||-||Replaced Playground Duplex Platters|
|Eagle||4-Chair-D||Leitner Poma||2018 - present||c.700 / 190||Village Bowl||Replaced original Eagle triple chair|
|Rocky Knolls||"Chairlift"||-||?||587 / ?||Beyond Big Dipper T-bar||Approved circa 2004|
|Damsite||"Surface lift"||-||?||750 / ?||West of Rocky Knolls||Approved circa 2004|
|Mt McKay lifts||Chairlift system||-||"Before 2012"||-||-||Mentioned in E.E.S. for above in 2002|
|McKay south||Unknown||-||-||c.750 / 380||McKay summit-Pretty Valley Ck||Shown on map apparently produced by lift company|
|Gully||Gondola||-||Proposed 2009 plan||-||Site of Gully triple||Mentioned in section 2 of 2009 plan (no longer online) also in 2014 resort plan|
|Village||Rack railway with small pods||-||Proposed 2014 plan||-||Near oversnow||2014 resort plan. Y shaped plan, 6 stations. From Oversnow lines to base of Gully, Windy Corner & cnr of Schuss / Paralell sts|
The removal of the Big Dipper, Headwaters and Village lifts greatly reduced the amount of easily accessible lifted terrain compared to the 1990's. Recent trail map.
It appears it was intended to build Damsite from components of Big Dipper that were in storage. The storage shed was burnt in the 2003 wildfires and afterwards the rumour was that if Damsite was ever built, it would be a chairlift.
Lift companies. In the 1950's every lift had a different owner. In late 1960, Bill Bridgeford's Alpine Developments Holdings (ADH) bought Nissen and Village and by the 1961 season had replaced them with T-bars. ADH continued to expand the lift network until 1983 when the lifts were sold to Transfield. Then in 1996 B.C.R. took over and in 2004 the lift company was sold to MFS Living and Leisure, a listed Gold Coast land developer that also owned aquariums and treetop walks as well as the lift company at Hotham.
When MFS L&L went bust, Jamie Packer's leisure industry holding company took control of Living and Leisure for the 2009 season. As a Packer controlled company also owned Perisher, for a few years three of Australia's five large ski resorts were under one owner and a season ticket bought at one resort was valid at all three. In December 2011 L&L was bought by Merlin Entertainments, a UK based tourist group with attractions worldwide including theme parks and the LegoLand and Madame Tussauds chains. Merlin does not own any ski resorts except for Falls and Hotham so what they plan to do with Falls Creek Ski Lifts Pty Ltd is unknown.
The International Poma was ready to operate in 1969, but due to a poor snow season, the 'Inter' didn't open to the public until 1970. It is a unique lift (or 'iconic' as the Falls Creek marketing department calls it) and even has it's own fan page on Facebook. It received it's name because it serviced the area where a F.I.S. international race was held in 1960. The race required 1500 feet of vertical descent, so a ski bridge was built over the road and the race ran from the summit right down to Rocky Valley Creek. The bridge was removed in the mid 1960's, but the name for the area remained.
The International Poma could have sticks attached every 6 metres along it's 1216 metre length and it's V12 diesel engine powered it at up to 4.2 metres a second, making it the second fastest drag lift in the southern hemisphere (after Buller's Summit Access / Howqua Poma). Kids riding the International could get serious air time going around the corner. In 2 August 2015 a rider swung too far out on the corner, derailing the cable and causing it to snag causing further damage. The lift was out of action for 13 days while 300 metres of replacement cable was sourced from Sweden and spliced into the remnants of the old cable by a team from Doppelmayr, the arch rival of the lift's manufacturer Leitner-Poma.
The combination of high speed and loading punters close together gave the Inter a similar capacity to duplex T-bars such as Towers and Big Dipper. Now the new (single speed) electric drive only powers the lift at 2.4 metres per second, so it's much slower and slightly less fun. But it remains the longest cornered Poma this side of the equator and even with a much lower speed, it's lifting capacity still matches that of some chairlifts, which is probably why it hasn't been replaced, despite it's extreme age.
Bob Hyman's 1957 Alpine Chair Lift was the first chairlift in Australia. Built from poles that might have been intended for use on the nearby Kiewa Hydro Scheme, it lasted until the 1960's when it was condemned by a state government lifts and cranes inspector. As a completely new mode of transport, it attracted a lot of interest. Here is one description of it.
Australian ski-ing history was made at Falls Creek on 21 July 1957, when the first passengers were carried on the first Alpine Chair Lift to operate on our snowfields. Available to all visitors, the lower end of the lift is about 100 yards above the Upper Kiewa Road and it rises 400 vertical feet to the top terminal above the race-line, a length up the slope of 1,280 feet. Forty chairs transport skiers continuously at a speed of five feet per second, the upward trip taking just over four minutes. Each chair has a safety bar above the rider's knees, so the maximum height above the snow of about forty feet is quite safe.
Outstanding impressions of every skier riding the lift is its simplicity, one's perfect relaxation, and the immense increase of downhill ski-ing it provides.
At the lower terminal a skier hands over his ticket to the starting attendant, stands on his skis on a slight snow platform, gives a glance over the left shoulder as a chair gently tucks itself under his bobo - and he is cosily chairborne and bound upwards. Four minutes and 400 vertical feet later he approaches the upper terminal in its huge shelter. As he his skis touch down on another snow platform, he slips out of his chair and obeys the attendant's request to 'move off to the right, please" - and he skis downwards again.
There are no jerks or tensions as the skier settles into his chair and commences his ascent up the hill. The chairs run smoothly in complete silence, broken only by the clicking made by their attachments passing over the pulleys at each pylon. The impression is of floating slowly and quietly in space in complete relaxation, independent of the surface conditions underneath. One may chat with the occupants of adjoining chairs and with others on the slopes below - or just continue to relax.
Bill Beatty. The white roof of Australia. Cassell, 1958. pp 62 - 63.
McCallum lifts. After a two year stint as manager of what became Orange Lifts at Mt Buller, Ron McCallum was a founder of Alpine Developments, the company that unified the lift network at Falls Creek for the 1961 season. It appears that his first lift was the Skyline portable tow at Falls Creek in 1954. As an engineer, he went on to build about 20 chairlifts and T-bars in the 1960's and early 1970's including at least five at Falls Creek. Many of the earlier lifts were hybrids, mostly of McCallum origin, but incorporating parts from other manufacturers. The Village and Summit T-bars had McCallum towers and hydraulic drives but had a few bits from other manufacturers, including Dopp spring boxes (which caused a lot of trouble). The original Gully Chair had a Doppelmayr drive, but otherwise was McCallum. Initially the Saddle / Link Lift T-bar had T's hanging from Poma sticks until they were replaced with conventional T-bar spring boxes bought second hand from Buller (possibly of Dopp origin?). The Sun Valley T-bar was 100% McCallum and was one of the most reliable lifts to operate at the resort.
More on Falls Creek history:
Julian Newton Brown. Falls Creek: how it came to be. Janby Productions, 2005.
Bob Howe. Melting tracks: history and memories of Albury Ski Club and early Falls Creek. The author, 2004.
© David Sisson 2007 - 2018. This list was first published on 9 July 2007 and has been updated regularly since then.
7. Mt Baw Baw
|Hut||Rope tow||1955 - 1976||-||-||Baw Baw Ski Club. Cost £200. Replaced by a platter.|
|Painted Run||Rope tow||1960 - >1982||245 / 50||-||Baw Baw Ski Tow Club. Later duplicated. East of T-bar that replaced it|
|Access ||2-Chair-F||1970 - 1988?||960 / 320||-||Gippsland Chairlift Co. Access from carpark, also for skiing. Prob relocated to Stanley, Tas|
|Maltese Cross||T-bar||1973 - present||460 / 70||-||Dartos Ltd.|
|Hut Run||Platter||1975 or 77-present||395 / 57||-||Baw Baw Ski Tows. (formerly Baw Baw Ski Tow Club). Extended 2004|
|Beginners?||Rope tow||1977 - >1983||150 / 22||B/w Hut & Maltese||BBST. Short tow from Base of Hut Run Platter towards Old Hut Run|
|Summit||T-bar||1979 - present||750 / 90||-||Baw Baw Ski Tows|
|Big Hill||Platter||1980 - c.2002||230 / 48||-||Dartos Ltd.|
|Big Hill Access||Poma||78><83 - present||250 / 50||-||Dartos. Used as tubing lift from 2002? until 2007. Now for skiers|
|Tank Hill||Platter||1983 - present||174 / 25||-||-|
|Painted Run||T-bar||1985 - present||300 / ?||-||B.B.S.T. Nicknamed Fawlty Towers due to alleged chronic unreliability|
|Access ||2-Chair-F||1989? - 1999||-||-||Access to village from carpark, also for skiing. Doppelmayr|
|Magic Carpet||Carpet||2003 - present||-||Behind Skiosk||-|
|Summit chairlift||?-Chair-F||2012||-||-||Mentioned on p. 104 of Alpine Resorts Co-ordinating Council Draft alpine resorts plan|
From 1971 to 1980 skiers had to choose between two lift companies, Dartos and Baw Baw Ski Tows. The combined lift company merged with the chairlift in 1988. In 2001 the state government decided to not renew the lease of Mount Baw Baw Ski Enterprises, but as they were unable to find another company to bid for the lease, the lifts were operated by the government until Belgavia Leisure took over in 2014. Media release.
In the dates operated field "78><83" indicates that the lift was installed at some time between 1978 and 1983.
The second Access chairlift was in storage at Drouin for many years, but a chair from the lift is on display on the veranda of Kelly's Cafe. Local gossip said it may have been sold to Charlotte Pass and the owners of Charlotte Pass did have a double chair stored at Cooma airport in 2009, although what they would want with Baw Baw's 20 year old, fixed grip double chair is anyone's guess.
Current trail map. Thanks to "djam", Ray Chapman, "HiLo", "sooty68" and Andrew Graham for help.
© David Sisson 2007 - 2018. This list was first published on 22 July 2007 and has been updated regularly since then.
8. Mt Buffalo
|Cresta||Rope tow||1937 - 1938||180 / ?||Cresta||Built by Gill Afflick. 1937 = 108 m, ext to 180 m in '38 and changed to nutcracker. Burnt Jan 39|
|?||2-Chair-F||1964? - ?||-||Cresta Saddle||Part of Ollie Polasek’s Tatra development|
|?||T-bar||1964?-<1984||-||-||Part of Ollie Polasek’s Tatra development|
|?||Poma||1964? - ?||-||-||Part of Ollie Polasek’s Tatra development|
|?||2-Chair-F||>1984 - ?||-||-||Cost $200,000, many teething problems|
|Beginners||Montaz fixed grip||< 1983 >||180 / 27||-||-|
|Operating in 2006||.||-|
|Cresta||Poma||<1983 - 2006||427 / 127||-||Some of these are original 1960's Tatra tows|
|Gully||Poma||<1983 - 2006||165 / 33||-||Some of these are original 1960's Tatra tows|
|Cresta Valley||2-Chair-F||<1983 - 2006||302 / 80||-||Some of these are original 1960's Tatra tows|
|Valley||2-Chair-F||>1983 - 2006||160 / ?||-||Apparently this lift was supposed to be twice as long but resort ran out of money when it was being built. Parks Vic claimed it was the 2nd shortest chairlift in the world, but this is probably wrong|
|Novice||Poma||>1983 - 2006||-||-||Some of these are original 1960's Tatra tows|
|Dingo Dell area||.||-|
|The Nutcracker||Nutcracker||1949 - c.1966||-||-||Cost £300, originally a simple rope tow. Built by Canadians Herb Hall & Paul Heikkila using parts & Cadillac engine from Cresta. 6d ride, 10/- week. Revamped & repowered in 1951|
|Number One||Poma||196? - 1998?||240 / 40||-||Cost $20,000. Only operated on weekends from 1996 - 98|
|Number Two||Poma||? - 1998?||216 / 37||-||Only operated on weekends from 1996 - 1998|
|Bambi||Portable||? - 1989||90 / 6||-||-|
|Skyway||Gondola||2009||3 - 4 km||-||Proposed by tourist assoc. Newspaper article, Local TV news|
Dingo Dell’s last season was probably 1998 (or possibly 1988), at the time there was a rope tow and two Pomas there. Cresta’s last season was 2006 when five lifts remained. Final trail maps for Dingo Dell and Cresta areas before they closed.
None of the histories of Mt Buffalo pay much attention to the precise dates, location or names of ski lifts, so the information in this table is rather vague. Any accurate information would be appreciated. Please email sisson.dave at yahoo.com.au
In December 2006, The Buffalo Lodge (formerly known as Tatra Inn) burnt down and in January 2007 the lessees relinquished their lease of the Buffalo Chalet. At the time the Chalet was still structurally sound, but it is unlikely to operate again. In 2007 the state government was unwilling to grant a lease long enough to justify the huge expenditure required to make the rather old fashioned Chalet attractive to guests. While they are now prepared to offer a long lease, it's probably too late. Unless the Chalet is occupied and maintained, it is only a matter of time until a storm or fire damages it irreparably. It all makes a sad end to Victoria’s first ski resort, Australia's oldest surviving ski lodge and the site of Australia's first ski lift.
In the summer of 2012-2013, the ski lifts were offered for sale . One was bought by Dinner Plain and will be used as a tubing lift from the 2015 season, while a Poma may have been bought by a caravan park outside Albury and adapted for use by mountain bikes. News of any others would be appreciated.
Reopening proposal. In winter 2015 a proposal was floated to reopen five lifts at Cresta by an outfit called 'Mt Buffalo Snow Resort Pty Ltd'. It's directors are Ben Mock and Jamie Cottee. Detaiis are on their website www.mtbuffalo.com
Thanks to "Wangaratta_bloke" and to Steve Kemp for information on Dingo Dell.
© David Sisson 2007 - 2018. This list was first published on 3 August 2007 and has been updated regularly since then.
9. Mt Buller
|Bourke St||Rope tow/Nutcrac||Home made||1949 - 1958||270 / 180||-||S.C.V & BMW S.C. Support towers added & converted to nutcracker in 1950|
|Bull Run||Port. nutcracker||-||1953 - 1954||-||-||Blue. Extended in '54, relocated to Mt St Bernard, still operates|
|Bull Run||Nutcracker||-||1955 - 1961||-||-||Blue (John Hilton-Wood)|
|Baldy||Portable rope tow||-||1957 - 1961||-||-||Blue (Ernest & Aurel Forras, sold to John Hilton-Wood)|
|Tyrol / Little Baldy||Rope tow||-||1956?- 1962||c.300/ ?||Tyrol||Maurice Selle.|
|Skyline / Little Collins St||Rope tow||-||1959 - 1961||488 / 75||Skyline||Blue Lifts (then named Bull Run Enterprises)|
|Koflers / Transportation||Nutcracker||-||1959 - 1963||-||-||BMW Ski Tow Group later became Orange (then named Ski Lifts Mt Buller)|
|Bourke St||T-bar||Locally made||1959 - 1968||-||Bourke St||Orange. Parts later used at either Guthega or Ben Lomond|
|Federation||T-bar||-||1959 - 1980||? / 190||Federation||Orange Lifts. Replaced by Federation triple chair|
|Bourke St||Double rope tow||-||1961 - 1963||-||Bourke St||Orange Lifts|
|Chamois||Rope tow||-||1961 - 1963||180/ ?||-||Konrad Koch, bought by Blue and replaced with a Poma. Possibly 1st ran in '62?|
|Bull Run||T-bar||Doppelmayr||1962 - 1984||638 / 240||Bull Run||Blue Lifts. Maybe 610 m long/ 245 m vertical|
|Skyline||T-bar||Doppelmayr||1963 -present||480 / 90||South of Bourke St||Blue Lifts. Oldest lift still operating at Buller|
|Shaky Knees / Swanston St||T-bar||-||1963 - 2004||300/120||-||Orange. Replaced by Emirates / Shakey Knees quad chair|
|Bourke St||2-Chair-F||Doppelmayr||1964 - 1983||610 / 90||Bourke St||Blue Lifts. First Doppelmayr double chairlift in the world|
|Summit||Poma||Pomagalski||1964 - 1983||244 / 68||-||Orange, rebuilt at Ben Lomond as 30 Sec & Big Ben|
|Summit Access/Howqua||Poma||Pomagalski||1964 - 83/90's||1070/ 136||*||* See notes below|
|Chamois||Poma||Pomagalski||1965 - 1987||608 / 213||-||Blue Lifts. Extended in 1968 or 69, originally 548 / 205|
|Boggy Creek||T-bar||McCulloch?||1967 -present||410 / 141||-||Orange. Made by a local company. Name needs to be confirmed|
|Summit duplicate||Poma||Pomagalski||1968 - 1983||-||-||Orange, rebuilt at Ben Lomond as 30 Sec & Big Ben|
|Whittaker||Poma||Pomagalski||1969 - 1981||-||Near Village run||Blue. Replaced by Village T-bar|
|Baldy||Duplex Poma||Pomagalski||1969 - 1985||274 / 138||Heli Flat - Baldy||Orange Lifts|
|Tyrol / Tirol||T-bar||-||1972 -present||1610/ 356||Orig ran to Baldy||Orange. Shortened in 1987. Spelling change c.2004. New mid-load added 2014. Diesel engine replaced by electic 2015.|
|Beginners / Ski School||platter||-||1974 - 2003||-||Mid Bourke St||Orange. Replaced by Carpet|
|Baldy||2-Chair-F||Pomagalski||1974 - 1983||792 / 77||-||Blue Lifts|
|Beginners||Carousel||-||1976 - 1977||-||Helicopter Flat||Orange Lifts|
|Koflers||T-bar||-||1977 -present||300 / 130||-||Orange Lifts. Originally to the bottom of Howqua.|
|Enzian||Poma||Pomagalski||1979 - 1996||244 / 77||Upper Chamois||Blue Lifts|
|Grimus||3-Chair-F||Doppelmayr||1979 -present||800 / 192||Nth side of Summit||Orange Lifts|
|Burnt Hut Spur||3-Chair-F||Doppelmayr||1980 - 2009||310 / 105||-||Orange. Wrecked by lightning strike on 28/02/10. Pic. Replaced by Bonza quad|
|Sun Valley||Poma||Pomagalski||1980 - 1985||900 / 300||B/w Bull & Fed||Blue. Built pre '80 season, but may not have opened until '81. Accessed Federation slopes|
|Federation||3-Chair-F||Doppelmayr||1981 -present||1000/ 332||-||Orange Lifts. Replaced & extended original T-bar|
|Horse Hill||3-Chair-F||Doppelmayr||1982 - 1985||1700/ 390||-||Orange Lifts. Moved to Helicopter Flat in 1986|
|Village||T-bar||-||1982 - 2003||853 / 219||-||Blue Lifts. Replaced & extended Whittaker Poma|
|Beginners||Poma||-||1980 -present||310 / 105||-||Orange Lifts|
|Playground||Poma||-||< 1983 >||100 / 30||Helicopter Flat||Orange Lifts|
|Blue Bullet 1||4-Chair-D||Doppelmayr||1984 -present||-||Lower Bourke St||Not oldest detachable quad operating, some Euro '83 lifts still exist|
|Blue Bullet 2||4-Chair-D||Doppelmayr||1984 - 2007||-||Baldy||Blue Lifts. Replaced Baldy double chair|
|Summit||4-Chair-F||Doppelmayr||1984 -present||-||-||Orange Lifts. Replaced duplex Pomas|
|Howqua||4-Chair-F||Poma||1984 -present||-||Howqua/Family - Baldy||Orange. Eng, twr heads, bullwheels are for triple, other parts are quad|
|Spurs / Trainer||T-bar||-||1984 - 2011||-||Top of Horse Hill||Orange. Very short, allowed easier transverse to Bourke St|
|Bull Run||4-Chair-F||Doppelmayr||1985 -present||-||-||Blue Lifts. Replaced Bull Run T-bar|
|Horse Hill / Northside Express||4-Chair/Gond-D||Doppelmayr||1986 -present||-||Mid station at Chalet Ck||Renamed 2012. 106 chairs 20 gondolas. 1st ski gondola in Aust Film of lift in '86|
|Helicopter Flat / ABOM||3-Chair-F||Doppelmayr||1986 - 2007||-||-||Replaced Baldy, moved from Horse Hill. Renamed 03. Sold to Selwyn|
|Dam||Rope tow||-||1987 - 2011||-||Near Spurs||Very short beginners lift, replaced by carpet from Burnt Hut|
|Southside||4-Chair-F||Doppelmayr||1990 -present||-||Federation area||-|
|Ski Kindy No. 1||Rope tow||-||1991 -present||-||-||_|
|Chamois / Lydia Lassila||2-Chair-F||Doppelmayr||1993 -present||-||Chamois bowl||Has a mid station. Renamed before 2011 season|
|Canyon Rope Tow ||Rope tow||-||1997 -present||-||Sth of bus station||Very gentle grade, link between Chamois & Bull Run|
|Canyon Rope Tow ||Rope tow||-||1997 -present||-||Sth of bus station||Simple rope tows, rope gripped in the glove|
|Tube Park||Rope tow||-||1998 -present||-||-||-|
|Bluff View||Rope tow||-||2001 -present||-||Baldy rail park||-|
|Cattleman's 1||Carpet||-||2003 -present||-||-||-|
|Cattleman's 2||Carpet||-||2003 -present||-||-||-|
|Bourke St Carpet||Carpet||-||2004 -present||-||-||-|
|Emirates / Shaky Knees/ Discovery / SK / The Fox||4-Chair-F||Doppelmayr||2005 -present||633 / 151||Upper Tyrol||2.3 m/s. Replaced Shakey Knees T-bar. Called Northside pre opening, renamed 2011, 2012, 2015|
|Holden / ABOM Express||6-Chair-D||Doppelmayr||2008 -present||997 / 127||Heli Flat - Baldy||Cost $7m, speed 5.0 m/s Replaced BB2 & Heli/ABOM Initial press release Renamed 2014?|
|Burnt Hut 1||Carpet||-||2010 - 2011||160 / ?||-||Carpet (sourced from NZ?) after lightning destroyed BH chair|
|Burnt Hut 2||Carpet||-||2010 - 2011||160 / ?||-||Replaced by new fixed grip quad chair in 2012|
|Bonza||4-Chair-F||Doppelmayr||2012 -present||533 / 132||Burnt Hut||Repaced Burnt Hut triple chair. Cost $3.1 m. Speed 2.3 m/s. Link to webpage|
|Gliders||Carpet||-||2012 -present||-||-||Replaced Spurs T-bar. Located on Burnt Hut Spur 2010-11, previously in NZ|
|Happy Feet||Carpet||-||2012 -present||-||-||Replaced Dam rope tow. Located on Burnt Hut Spur 2010-11, previously in NZ|
|Kofler's||Rope Tow||-||1939 & 1940||122 / 60||Horse Hill||Foundations poured early '39. To be ready for '40 season, stopped by war|
|Kofler's||Funicular rail||-||1940||-||Mirimbah - Chalet||Hybrid of local logging cableways & 1930's European funicular railways|
|Shaky Knees - Helicopter Flat?||"Trolley sledge lift"=Funicular?||1954||Base SK/Slalom Gully-Heli Flat||Harold Cuming. Work began, but permission later refused. Loss of Welcome Inn to fire in 1955 led to Cumming transfering to Mt Mawson (SH 10/54 p6, 1/55 p3, 10/55 p2)|
|Federation||?||1954||Federation||Kooroora (Forras brothers). Application to build refused by Forests Commission. (SH 11/54 p7)|
|Village||Gondola||2010 plan||Horse Hill-town centre||Page 24 of Final masterplan 2010, Draft masterplan early 2010|
|Playground||Unspecified||2010 plan||Spurs - Baldy||Draft masterplan 2010|
In common with Ben Lomond and Mt Baw Baw, Mt Buller had two lift companies for many years. They issued a joint ticket in 1984 and merged in 1985 when Bull Run Enterprises (Blue Lifts) took over Mt Buller Ski Lifts (Orange Lifts). The company is now called Buller Ski Lifts.
The interactive trail map for Buller's ski slopes.
At least seven old ski lifts from Mt Buller were relocated to other Australian mountains in three states. Buller is the only Australian resort with a consistent record of selling its discarded lifts.
- Ben Lomond bought several lifts including the Bourke St rope tow, both summit Pomas and the Bourke St double chairlift.
- The original 1953 Bull Run nutcracker lift still operates on Mt St Bernard and is one of the oldest ski lifts still operating in the world.
- Guthega bought a T-bar from Orange Lifts in the mid 1970's, (possibly the Bourke St T-bar, as both had arch type frames).
- Most recently, the Helicopter / ABOM triple chair was sold to Selwyn Snowfields.
* Summit Access / Howqua. This poma replaced the Koflers/Transportation nutcracker lift in 1964. In 1984 it was partly replaced by the Howqua quad and two years later the other end was removed to make way for the Helicopter / ABOM triple chair. The poma loaded at both ends and ran from the current base of Holden chair over the hill and down to the where the queue for Howqua now is. (Although some say it may have gone further downhill.) The east side was named Summit Access, the west end was Howqua (this section was 536 long / 86 vertical).
It holds the speed record for the fastest Australian ski lift of all time (6.5 metres per second) but after a few accidents, it was restricted to 4.0 m/s when open to the public and only operated at full speed for staff. From the late 1980's to the early 1990's, a truncated Summit Access poma ran from near Fawlty Towers to the top of the Howqua chair.
More on Buller history:
Jim Darby. Mt Buller: the story of a mountain. tSm Publishing, 2008.
David Joss. Mt Buller: a history. Alpine Resorts Commission, n.d. (1995?). 36 page booklet.
Ernest Forras, Jan Henderson. Ernest escapades, or seriously for fun only: the autobiography of Ernest Forras. Ernest Forras, 1994.
Harry Stephenson. Skiing the high plains: a history of the ski exploration of Victoria's alpine area. Graphic Books, 1982. Pages 198 - 219.
I. C. Dillon. Tracks of the morning: a Timbertop history text. Geelong Grammar School, 1989. Pages 323 - 357.
Magazines. Most ski magazines have covered the development of Buller, but the Australian and New Zealand ski yearbook and two Victorian ski monthlies, Schuss and Ski Horizon were published during the formative years of the mountain.
Club histories. Club histories tend to focus on work parties, lodge construction and administration, but they also give a good idea of skiers experiences over the years.
Lynette Sheridan. University Ski Club 1929 - 1979. U.S.C, 1988. Chapter 9, pages 130 - 161.
Janis Lloyd. Skiing into history: 1924 - 1984. Ski Club of Victoria, 1986. Pages 93 - 197.
Ann Crawford. A proud achievement: 50 years of YHA on Mt Buller 1947 - 1997. YHA, 1997. 58 page booklet.
© David Sisson 2007 - 2018. This list was first published on 10 July 2007 and has been updated regularly since then.
10. Mt Hotham
|Blue Ribbon||Nutcracker||Hamilton||1952 -72, 3 or 4?||560or610/235or253||-||Cost £3000, capacity 12 at a time. Length & vert figures vary|
|Higginbotham||Rope tow||-||1958? - >1965||61 / -||Davenport||Probably owned by Ski Tows Ltd.|
|Basin||Rope tow||-||1958 or 9- 62?||61 / ?||Basin Run||Ski Tows Ltd. Replaced by a Poma|
|Jack Hedley's||Rope tow||-||1962 - 1964||-||Pimples - Swindlers||Lift had previously run as Dogpatch at Falls Creek|
|Basin||Poma||-||1963 or 4-1970||-||Today's Basin Run||Ski Tows Ltd. Moved to Davenport|
|?||Rope Tow?||-||1963 - ?||-||Above Blue Ribbon||Formerly "Novice tow at Hotham" before being moved|
|Jack's Tow||J-bar||-||1965? -1968?||-||Sun Run||Aparently unreliable. May have originally been a rope tow|
|Pole Line / Summit||Poma||Poma||1966 - 1987||790 / 95||Summit||Ski Tows Ltd.|
|Playground||2-Chair-F||Doppelamyr||1969 - present||614 / 199 now||< Originally 954 / 300||Initially planned for Aust Drift. Only ran from mid station to top in 1969. full length operated from 1970. Shortened for 1993. 1000 p/hr|
|Davenport||Poma||Poma||1971 - 1983||240 / 43||Big D area||Moved from Basin, replaced by Big D quad chair|
|Brockhoff||Poma||Poma||1973 - 1986||790 / 290||North of Heavenly Valley||Originally planned to name it Snake Gully Poma. Only Poma with 2 corners in Australia. Partly replaced by Heavenly Valley quad|
|Basin||Platter||Doppelmayr||1974 - 1992||175 / 44||-||Moved to Koala Park?|
|Sun Run||T-bar||Doppelamyr||1977 - 1994||350 / 98||North side of present Sun Run||-|
|Summit||T-bar||Doppelamyr||1979 - 1994||580 / 87||-||Moved to Australia Drift|
|Blue Ribbon||3-Chair-F||Doppelamyr||1981 - present||710or560 / 271||-||Capacity 1600 per hour|
|Plains of Heaven / Ski School||Platter||Doppelamyr||1981 - 1983||153 / 36||Lower Blue Ribbon||Moved to Dinner Plain|
|Big D||4-Chair-F||Doppelamyr||1984 - present||396 / 64||Davenport||Replaced Davenport Poma. Capacity 2400 per hr|
|Heavenly Valley||4-Chair-F||Doppelmayr||1987 - present||845 / 314or395?||-||Replaced Brockoff Poma. Capacity 2400 per hr|
|Summit||4-Chair-F||Doppelamyr||1988 - present||595 / 98||-||May have been installed 1989, not 1988. Capacity 2400 per hour|
|Village / Audi Quattro||4-Chair-F||Poma||1993 - present||800 / 275||-||Name changed 2016. Capacity 2400 per hour|
|Koala Park||Platter||Doppelamyr||1993 - 1997||-||B/w Zirky's & White Cryst||Moved to summit. Renamed Summit Trainer|
|Road Runner||4-Chair-F||Poma||1995 - present||671 / 153||-||Capacity 2400 per hour|
|Australia Drift / The Drift||T-bar||-||1995 - present||370 / 88||-||Moved from Summit. Capacity 1285 per hr|
|Gotcha||4-Chair-F||Doppelmayr||1997 - present||472 / 140||-||Capacity 2400 per hour|
|Keogh's||4-Chair-F||Doppelmayr||1997 - present||383 / 188||-||Continues over valley as Orchard, loads in middle. 2400 hr|
|Orchard||4-Chair-F||Doppelmayr||1997 - present||573 / 154||-||Continues over valley as Keogh's, loads in middle. 2400 hr|
|Summit Trainer||Platter||Doppelmayr||1998 - present||132 / 22||-||Formerly at Koala Park. Capacity 500 per hour|
|Big D Trainer||Rope tow||-||1999 - 2008?||-||-||-|
|Pups Playground||Carpet||-||? - present||17 / ?||Davenport||-|
|Harry's Hideaway||Carpet||-||? - present||50 / ?||Davenport||-|
|Australia Drift||2-Chair-F||-||1968||-||-||Planned location for double chair. Location changed before installation|
|Imagine - Summit||Chairlift||-||2014||-||Top of Slalom Gully-Summitt||In RMB plan (not lift co's). Aims to reduce congestion in Slalom Gully|
|Higginbotham||Chairlift||-||2014||-||North side of Higgi||Connects Village chair with Big D. In RMB plan (not lift companys)|
|Australia Drift||4-Chair--||-||2014||-||-||Proposal to replace Drift Lift T-bar with quad chair|
Thanks to Tim Meier for help with information on lift manufacturers.
There is fragmentary evidence of a hand held rope tow operating in the Diamantina Hut / Murray Valley Ski Club area in the late 1960's or early 1970s. Any conformation of it's existence would appreciated, solid details such as it's route or a photo would be appreciated even more.
Information on lifts at Hotham in the 1960's is conflicting. After the monthly magazines Ski Horizon and Schuss ceased publication, there was no reliable record of exactly what was happening in Victorian skiing. Wendy Cross's excellent book Australian skiing: the first 100 years doesn't cover events after 1962, but she states that Basin was the second lift, running from 1958 - 59 before being moved to Davenport.
Lift companies. The original lift company: Ski Tows Limited was operated on a cost recovery basis by members of the University Ski Club and the Alpine Club of Victoria. It never paid a dividend. Jack Hedley also ran a couple of lifts for a few years. Ski Tows Ltd's lack of capital hampered further development of the mountain. After the 1968 season a controlling interest in the company was sold to Desmond Schumann who built the Playground double chair. It was originally planned for the Australia Drift / Avalanche Gully area, but the location was changed to the current site just before it was installed. In 1995 the Schumann family sold Ski Tows Limited to BCR Management so they could concentrate on Silver Star and Big White, ski resorts in B.C. Canada which Schumann family interests had acquired.
In the latter years of Schumann ownership a number of old surface lifts were replaced with chairlifts. When BCR Management took over, they continued the chairlift construction programme and in 1997 built Gotcha, Keogh's and Orchard in areas that had never had lifts before. Infrastructure development continued in 1999 with the opening of the airport at nearby Horsehair Plain.
All this development appears to have over extended BCR Management and in 2004 the lift company was sold to MFS Living and Leisure, a listed Gold Coast land developer that also owned aquariums and treetop walks. They had great plans for expansion of both lifts and buildings. As they also owned the lifts at Falls Creek, a lift ticket was valid at both resorts. However the plans came to nothing when MFS L&L went broke in 2008. The company was bailed out when a controlling shareholding was acquired by the Jamie Packer controlled outfit that owned the ski lifts at Perisher. In December 2011 L&L was sold to Merlin Entertainments, a UK based tourist group with attractions worldwide including theme parks and the Lego Land and Madame Tussauds chains. At the time Merlin did not own any ski resorts except for Hotham and Falls so there was speculation about whether they planed to hold on to the renamed Mount Hotham Skiing Company, but they still own Hotham and Falls, although no new lifts have been announced at either resort. An indication that Merlin continued to be interested in the ski industry is that they were negotiating to buy Cardrona in New Zealand in 2013.
Recent trail map.
More on Hotham history:
Donald Bennett. Hotham horizon: the Alpine Club of Victoria. The author, 1987.
Jennifer McLennan. Not below 5000: a history of the Ski Club of East Gippsland. S.C.E.G., 2001.
Lynette Sheridan. University Ski Club: 1929 - 1979. U.S.C., 1988.
Gillian Salmon. The king of Hotham: my father. Lindsay Salmon - the Drift Chalet - Mount Hotham. Gillian Magnabosco, 2013.
© David Sisson 2007 - 2018. This list was first published on 19 July 2007 and has been updated regularly since then.
Ticket prices in 1965. A 7 day ticket for all tows cost £7. Blue Ribbon nutcracker cost 30 shillings for 10 rides or 5/- for a single ride. Basin Poma and Higginbotham rope tow: 30/- for 40 rides or 1/- for a single ride.
A few details on the Blue Ribbon nutcracker tow.
Hamilton 'Type B' rope tow. Cost of purchase and construction £3,000. 1836 feet (560 metres) long, vertical lift 770' (235 m.), average slope 25 degrees. Powered by a 28 horsepower (21 kilowatt) Bedford Truck engine which was housed in a hut at the top of the tow near the road. The tow rope was 1 inch ( 2.54 cm) sisal. It was supported on 9 poles with waist height pulleys that could be raised or lowered according to the depth of snow. Capacity 12 at a time. The trip took four minutes at a speed of 6.8 miles per hour (11 kph) compared to a 40 minute walk up the slope. A canteen was added to the tow hut in 1957.
Building the Blue Ribbon nutcracker tow.
An extract from: Donald Bennett. Hotham horizon: the Alpine Club of Victoria: reminiscence. Pages 95 - 97.
The first ski tow on Hotham was a major development. This too was conceived and brought about by the joint efforts of the University Ski Club and the Alpine Club of Victoria...
... The subject of tows was first raised during a... meeting on 22nd June 1950. The minutes... state, 'George Chisholm opened the subject of a ski tow for Mt. Hotham and produced detailed information of the Hamilton tow widely used in New Zealand. A meeting of a group of interested people was arranged for Monday, 3rd July 1950, to discuss the type of tow and the financing of the project'.
George Chisholm had visited New Zealand in 1949 as Captain of the Australian Inter Dominion Team. He had been most impressed by the Hamilton rope tow manufacturers at Littleton near Christchurch. This rope tow was used at Coronet Peak and gave George ample opportunity to assess the practicability of the device.
A company, rejoicing in the name of Ski Tows Ltd., was formed in 1950 with four U.S.C. and three Alpine members earlier mentioned as directors. We determined to purchase a Hamilton Tow and, as usual, the immediate problem was finance. This elusive commodity was acquired by our joint contributions and the practice of a polite species of highway robbery, brow beating and moral suasion on our unfortunate friends. In all there were over fifty shareholders of touching faith.
Nobody ever expected that the company would pay a dividend. Their expectations were absolutely correct.
The Hamilton tow consisted of an endless one inch diameter sisal rope passing over pulleys, mounted on brackets adjustable in height to cope with varying snow depths. The pulley brackets were attached to nine inch steel pipes some 20 feet high, set at appropriate intervals down the slope. A 'nut cracker' attached to a waist belt, clipped onto the moving rope. These waist belts were fabricated from old war time aircraft belts. Power was derived from a 28 Horsepower, 6 cylinder, Bedford Truck motor, located in an engine house just below the road. The engine house also provided accommodation for the tow operator in separate living quarters.
A certain skill was required whilst stationary and awaiting uphill transport to clip the nut cracker onto the moving rope. Failure to adequately connect, or careless ski orientation, resulted in undignified collapse or being dragged up the slope on your posterior. Another hazard was the possibility of loose clothing being wrapped up in the moving rope. On its upward journey the rope sometimes revolved slowly compounded with forward motion. Legend has it that a lady of superb physical charms became thus caught up. First the parka was shed, then the pullover and finally the shirt. The tow operator, a man of rigid moral principles, is alleged to have stopped the tow some distance from the expectant uphill onlookers. This allowed the deprived damsel to fade gracefully into the bushes. Topless skiers were rare in those days.
Despite these hazards the ascent out of the Drag was reduced from 40 minutes on climbing skins to about 4 minutes over 770 vertical feet, the rope tow carrying ten skiers upwards at a time. Initially, there was much debate amongst the directors on a suitable location. After all, the tow was to be the longest in Australia at that time and the first at Hotham. The chosen site was on a slope now occupied by the Blue Ribbon chair lift and effectively serviced the Drag, Blue Ribbon and the Wood Run downhill descents. The final location was surveyed and cleared during the weekend of 16th and 17th February 1952.
An alternative site was considered near the later situation of the Brockhoff Tow. This was ruled out partly because of doubts if a rope tow and passengers could negotiate a bend in the tow line, obviously needed at this location because of the terrain. It is of interest to note that during our explorations in the valley around this area we discovered a small grass grown flat on which could still be seen the outline of a log cabin. The outline was nothing more than moss lines with cross-over points at four corners. We surmised that it had once been an overseer's quarters when the water race to Brandy Creek Mine was under construction in the sixties of the last [19th] century. Today, of course, the water race, partly dug into the hillside and partly supported by stone escarpments, is a convenient track for skiers passing between runs off Loch Spur.
The company was unique in that the Directors were also the installation engineers, fabricators and general labourers. A shop steward of the Builders Labourers Federation would have been completely non-plussed. A major labour was pole erection, much of it over a rock scree slope. In some locations base holes had to be blasted out of the rocky soil. Hamish Pearson was O/C gelignite and he developed a playful habit of letting off a charge with scant warning. If one was working down the pole line the drill, on hearing the explosion, was to immediately cease all activities and gaze intently at the blue sky. Thus the observer skipped nimbly aside to avoid falling rocks descending out of the heavens.
To assist in correct installation, we imported a New Zealander, one Snowy Hansen, to supervise the project. Snowy was a man of iron nerve, having been in a Bomb Disposal unit at the Middle East Front during the 1939-1945 war. However, like many New Zealanders, he had somewhat of a complex about snakes - New Zealand is free from these reptiles. On arriving at Melbourne Airport his anxious queries concerning snakes at Hotham were soothed by soft and oblique answers. Even we did not then know that the Blue Ribbon scree slope housed a significant number of tiger snakes and copperheads.
Snowy was installed at Hotham and all was peace and joy until one day he noticed various directors at work down the scree slope suddenly leaping downward or sideways for no apparent reason. Naturally he queried this eccentric behaviour and, perforce, we had to tell him about the snakes. His immediate reaction was to arm himself with a pale blue broom handle as a defensive weapon. This never left his side and rumour has it that he even took the broom handle to bed with him! Our duplicity pained him and he sorrowfully stated that 'if he had known he would not have left New Zealand'. Fortunately nobody was bitten and it is probable Hamish Pearson's mighty gelignite blasts dispersed the snakes to more peaceful quarters.
The tow commenced operation in the winter of 1952 and gave many years of service until 1965. Subsequently Ski Tows Ltd. was disposed of to Desmond Schuman. It was the forerunner of the network of chairlifts, pomas and T-bars now reticulating over Hotham slopes.
11. Mt Mawson
|Cuming||Rope tow||1958 - 1960||153 / ?||Golden Stairs - Picnic Boulder||Owned by Harold Cuming. Burnt Jan 1961|
|Mawson||Nutcracker||1963 - present||198 / 50||-||Extended in 1982. Most southerly ski lift in Australia|
|University||Nutcracker||1968 - present||250 / 58||-||Length & vertical figures may not be accurate as Mawson seems to be longer|
|Rodway||Nutcracker||1973 - present||275 / 80||Eastern end of Rodway Range||Reputedly the steepest ski lift in Australia|
|Beginners||Handle tow||1960s - early 90s||70 / 15||Between Mawson & University||Operated in conjunction with Sitzmark. When they closed, so did the tow|
Unlike Ben Lomond in northern Tasmania, Mt Mawson never developed into a modern ski resort. It is the last 'club field' in Australia that is still open to the public. (Although there are still three club run ski lifts in Victoria, a club owned Poma and handle tow at Cabramurra in NSW and plenty of club fields in New Zealand.)
The lifts are operated by volunteers drawn from the seven clubs with lodges on the mountain. In recent years they have only operated on weekends and occasionally midweek during school holidays. Rodway is probably the steepest surface lift in Australia, but it often doesn't operate even when other lifts are open. This due to shortages of volunteer lift operators and ski patrollers as well as government restrictions on summer grooming to remove rocks, meaning a heavy snow cover is needed for the lift to run.
Resort website: http://mtmawson.info/
Click for resort map showing the day shelters, three ski tows and seven club lodges.
© David Sisson 2007 - 2018. This list was first published on 25 July 2007 and has been updated regularly since then.
12. New South Wales, outside resorts
|Main Range||Ski Tourers Assoc||1954 - 1956||Northcote Tow||Hamilton Tow. c.500/160. Blew up. Parts used to build Crackenback nutcracker at Thredbo|
|Main Range||Ski Tourers Assoc||1957 - 1958?||Albina T-bar||Info in Cross Australian skiing: the first 100 years & Southwell-Keely Highway to Heaven. p.58|
|Diggers Creek||Hotel Kosciusko||Late 1940's?-51?||Port rope tow||Kerry Course, dates uncertain. Johnny Abbotsmith, moved to Perisher after fire|
|Diggers Creek||Tony Sponar||1960 - ?||Poma||Kerry Course, near Sponar's Lakeside Inn. Promomotional film of its operation|
|Kosciusko Road||Unknown||1950's||Port rope tow||North of Kosci Rd between Sponars & Smiggins, probably Abbotsmith's portable tow|
|Kiandra||Wally Reed||c.1945- 1956||-||Township Hill, 60 m long|
|Kiandra||Kiandra S.C.||1957 - c.1977||T-bar||550 m. Township Hill, moved to other side of hill in '61, later moved to Selwyn|
|Kiandra||Tumut Ski Club||1958 - c,1977||Rope tow||New Chum Hill, lift originally located at Kings Cross|
|Kiandra||Colin Myers||?60's -late 70's||Rope tow||-|
|Unknown location||Tumut Ski Club||1949 - ?||Rope tow||Had 8 hp Ford engine. Refered to in Ski Horizon April 1950. p. 6.|
|Rules Point||Tumut Ski Club||1951 - ?||Rope tow||Refered to in Ski Horizon June 1951. p. 2.|
|Kings Cross||Tumut Ski Club||1954 - 1957||Rope tow||Half way between Kiandra & Selwyn, moved to New Chum Hill, Kiandra|
|Kings Cross||Cabramurra S.C.||1961 - c.1970||-||One source says after closing this tow used to extend the SMA Tate tow at Guthega, but dates clash|
|Cabramurra||Cabramurra S.C.||1955 - ?||Village Tow||Built 1954 but didn't operate. Some material donated by SMHEA. Extended 56 & 60|
|Cabramurra||Cabramurra S.C.?||1960's - present||Handle tow||Now operated by Cabramurra Ski Club|
|Cabramurra||Cabramurra S. C.||? - present||Village Poma||Replaced Village rope tow|
|Round Mountain||Corryong S. C.?||1960's?- 1970's?||-||Some poles remain|
|Tooma Dam: Montagues Hut||?||1960's?- 1970's?||-||Pulleys attached to trees, dismantled each year|
All non resort lifts in NSW were probably nutcrackers or rope tows except Sponar's Poma, the Cabramurra Poma and handle tow and the Kiandra T-bar. Thanks to Craig Doubleday for his reports on sites near Selwyn Snowfields and the Northcote Tow. Thanks also to Kerry Symes for an email about the rope tow between Sponars and Smiggins.
The tow building activities in the 1950s around the Kings Cross - Selwyn area are a little confusing. An example is that the May 1954 issue of Ski Horizon reports that the Cabramurra Ski Club built a tow with 700 feet of vertical 'from the foot of a long valley'. But it is difficult to work out precisely where that tow was. The Tumut Ski Club appears to have built four tows (or possibly moved existing tows?), but again, I have unable to work out the details. If you have any further information, please email sisson dot dave at yahoo dot com dot au. Thanks.
© David Sisson 2007 - 2018. This list was first published on 24 July 2007 and has been updated regularly since then.
13. Perisher (including Smiggin Holes, Guthega and Blue Cow)
|?||Rope tow||-||1952 - 1955?||-||?||Johnny Abbotsmith, moved from Hotel Kosci after it burnt down|
|Big Tow aka Tow Hut Tow||Nutcracker||-||1955 - 1961?||600 / 182||North Perisher||Cost £7,500. Perisher Valley Enterprises (Sverre Kaaten) Photo|
|Village||Rope tow||-||1956 - 1959?||-||b/w Cronulla & Telemark||J. Abbotsmith, moved 1957? & 59? Replaced by Sundeck T-bar|
|Cooma Ski Club Tow||Rope tow||-||c.1958 - 59?||-||Cooma S.C. lodge||Cooma Ski Club. Bought by Ken Murray and demolished|
|Sundeck (No. 1)||T-bar||Gam-Ski Tows||1959 - ?||-||Below Sundeck Hotel||Cost £5,000. Ken Murray’s “Murray Publishers”|
|Mt Perisher Double||2-Chair-F||Mueller +||1961 - present||1075/ 275||-||Mueller supplied plans & grips built & fabricated by Transfield Cost £80k|
|? No. 2?||T-bar||Gam-Ski Tows||1962 - ?||-||-||Replaced Village tow|
|Big Tow||T-bar||-||1962 - ?||-||North Perisher||Kaaten. Replaced the Big Tow, sold to K. Murray for '63 season|
|Sundeck Poma||Poma||-||1963 - ?||-||Tom Thumb area||-|
|Lawson (No. 6)||T-bar||Doppelmayr||1963 - present||540 / 125||-||-|
|Blaxland (No. 5)||Duplex T-bar||Doppelmayr||1963 - present||510 / 110||-||Duplex with Wentworth|
|Sturt (No. 4)||T-bar||Doppelmayr||1964 - present||470 / 50||-|
|Flat||T-bar||-||? - c.1976||-||Perisher Creek||Used to access North Perisher|
|North Perisher||T-bar||-||1968 - present||565 / 175||-||-|
|Mitchell (No. 1)||T-bar||-||1968 - present||420 / 70||-||-|
|Sun Valley||T-bar||-||1969 - present||530 / 165||-||-|
|Wentworth (No. 5A)||Duplex T-bar||Doppelmayr||1969 - present||510 / 110||-||Duplex with Blaxland|
|Olympic||T-bar||-||1973 - present||345 / 65||Above Sun Valley||Cornered T-Bar, accessing difficult terrain|
|Eyre||T-bar||-||1974 - present||735 / 205||On Mt Perisher||Built summer of 1972-3, first ran 74. Furthest west lift in Perisher|
|Flinders (No. 3)||Duplex T-bar||-||<1976 - 2002||545 / 100||-||Duplex with Bass, replaced by Village 8|
|Bass (No. 2)||Duplex T-bar||-||<1976 - 2002||420 / 100||-||Duplex with Flinders, replaced by Village 8|
|Leichhardt (No. 7)||T-bar||-||1976 - 2018||540 / 40||-||Often called The Self Loader by those who recalled when it was. To be replaced by quad chair in 2019|
|Back Perisher||3-Chair-F||?||1976 - 1985||? / ?||-||Opened by Tamie Fraser, wife of the Prime Minister. Replaced by Perisher Express|
|International||T-bar||-||1977 - present||890 / 255||Between Eyre & Mt P double||-|
|Tom Thumb||J-bar||-||1977 - present||140 / 55||-||May have been a T-bar circa 1983|
|Pretty Valley||2-Chair-F||-||1978 - present||990 / 153||-||-|
|Pretty Valley||3-Chair-F||-||1978?-1985?||1707/ 264||-||Moved to Mt Dobson NZ, replaced by Perisher Exp Photo|
|Mt Perisher Triple||3-Chair-F||-||1979 - present||1230/ 280||On Mt Perisher||-|
|Happy Valley||T-bar||-||1979 - present||697 / 111||-||Ext by 90m in 2010. Eviro Effect Statement Was 608/96|
|Home||Handle Tow||-||1982 - 2018||-||-||To be replaced by a quad that also replaces Leichhardt|
|Telemark||Poma||-||<1976 - ?||240 / ?||-||-|
|Telemark||T-bar||-||1982 - present||455 / 65||-||-|
|Piper||Poma||-||<1976-1981?||-||Same as Piper T-bar||Marked on '76 trail map, replaced by T-bar|
|Piper||T-bar||-||1982 - present||640 / 70||-||Built on site of a Poma|
|Perisher Exp /Freelander/Forester||4-Chair-D||-||1986 - present||1540 / ?||-||Changes names according to sponsorship|
|Interceptor||4-Chair-F||-||1995 - present||862 / ?||-||Connects Perisher Valley to Blue Cow area|
|Village 8||8-Chair-D||Doppelmayr||2003 - present||548 / ?||-||Replaced Flinders and Bass T-bars|
|Borer||Portable rope tow||-||< 1983 >||-||-||-|
|Ski Carpet||Carpet||-||? - present||-||-||-|
|Ski School||Rope Tow||-||? - 2007||-||-||-|
|Ski School 2||Carpet||-||2007 - present||-||-||-|
|Kids Carpet 1||Carpet||-||? - present||-||-||-|
|Kids Carpet 2||Carpet||-||? - present||-||-||-|
|Carousel||Carousel||Sunkid||2012 - present||-||-||Manufactured by the Austrian company Sunkid.|
|Name unannounced||4-Chair-F||? Dopp ?||2019 -||-||-||Name and maker not yet announced, but will have a load conveyer similar to Freedom quad at Guthega, so probably Doppelmayr|
|Mt Perisher||6 or 8 chair||Announced '08||-||Mt Perisher||To replace 2 old chairs|
|Ski Haven Tow||Rope tow||-||1952 - 1959||-||?||Johnny Abbotsmith, moved to Guthega|
|?||Poma||-||1960 - ?||-||-||Moved slightly in 1961 to where Cook J-bar now is|
|No. 1?||T-bar||-||1961 - 1968?||-||Replaced by Burke/Wills duplex||-|
|?||T-bar||-||1963 - ?||-||B/w the a lifts above||-|
|?||T-bar||Mueller||1961 -present||-||Mt Piper||Possibly move this to Perisher section?|
|Link||T-bar||-||1964 - present||610 / 130||-|
|Hume||T-bar||-||1964 - present||520 / 80||-|
|Burke||Duplex T-bar||Doppelmayr||1968 - present||610 / 155||-||Duplex with Wills|
|Wills||Duplex T-bar||Doppelmayr||1969 - present||610 / 155||-||Duplex with Burke|
|Scott||J-bar||-||1973 - present||280 / 35||-||Converted from a Poma pre 1983|
|Captain Cook||J-bar||-||1975 - present||275 / 35||-||Converted from a Poma pre 1983|
|Kaaten||3-Chair-F||Doppelmayr||1979 - present||477 / 85||-||-|
|Ski School||?||-||? - ?||-||-||-|
|Harry’s||Rope tow||-||? - 2007||-||-||-|
|Herman’s||Rope tow||-||? - 2007||-||-||-|
|Zappy’s||Rope tow||-||? - 2008||-||-||-|
|Zoe’s||Carpet||-||? - present||-||-||-|
|Harry's & Herman's||Carpet||-||2008 - present||-||-||-|
|SMA Tow||Nutcracker||-||1957 - 1965||800 / 330||Mt Tate East Ridge||Island Bend Ski Club. Extended 1960 & 63, burnt 1965|
|Beginners Tow||Rope Tow||-||1961 - 1975||-||Above Walter's Hut||Ex Ski Haven Tow at Smiggins Cost £600. YMCA SC then W. Spanring|
|Blue Calf||T-bar||Pomagalski||1965 - 1980?||-||Western Blue Calf slopes||Poma brand T-bar. Walter Spanring|
|Cow Pastures or Powder Val?||Rope tow||Bruckschloegl||1976 - 1981||-||Near Cow Pastures||Bruckschloegl Austrian tow|
|Beginners?||Rope tow||Bruckschloegl||1976 - ?||-||Near Cow Pastures||-|
|Blue Cow||T-bar||McCallum||1976 - 1980||-||Mt Blue Cow||McCallum brand, ex Mt Buller. Replaced in 1981|
|Blue Cow||T-bar||Doppelmayr||1981 - present||670 / 149||Mt Blue Cow||Replaced the 1976 T-bar|
|Cow Pastures||J-bar||Doppelmayr||1981 - 2013||320 / 70||Cowpastures basin||Replaced by Freedom fixed grip quad chair|
|Blue Calf||T-bar||-||1981 - present||570 / 133||-||Built as a duplex T-bar|
|Beginners||Rope tow||-||1982 - ?||150 / 10||Top of chair (Saddle area)||Cow Pastures tow relocated after J-Bar built|
|Beginners||J-bar||-||< 1983 >||140 / 30||Off home run||Served runs named Romeo, Juliet and Fred|
|Car Park||2-Chair-F||Doppelmayr||1982 - present||610 / 130||Carpark-base Mt Blue Cow||-|
|Rope Tow 1||-||-||<1992 - 1993?||-||-||-|
|Rope Tow 2||-||-||<1992 - 1993?||-||-||-|
|Freedom||4-Chair-F||Doppelmayr||2014 - present||825 / 200||-||Announcement Replaced & extended Cow Pastures. Has a load carpet|
|Ski Tube||Rack railway||-||1988 - present||8500/ 755||Bullock's Flat - Blue Calf||Official webpage, Tunnels webpage, Wikipaedia|
|Ridge||4-Chair-F||-||1987 - present||1074 / ?||-||-|
|Summit||4-Chair-F||-||1987 - present||612 / ?||-||-|
|Early Starter||2-Chair-F||-||1987 - present||296 / ?||-||-|
|Terminal||4-Chair-F||-||1987 - present||547 / ?||-||-|
|Pleasant Valley||4-Chair-D||-||1987 - present||1193 / ?||-||-|
|Brumby||T-bar||-||88><92- present||487 / ?||-||Moved from Guthega - formerly ½ of Blue Calf Duplex|
|Pony Ride 1||Rope tow||-||88><92- present||-||-||-|
|Pony Ride 2||Rope tow||-||>92 - present||-||-||Previously named Ski School?|
|Donkey Ride||?||-||>92 - ?||-||-||-|
It has been difficult to sort out often conflicting anecdotal stories about lifts at Perisher Valley and Smiggins up to the mid 1960's, so any help with this would be greatly appreciated.
Perisher Valley Unlike many resorts that have replaced lifts on the same site several times, Perisher has mostly stuck with the original lifts and some of them are over 50 years old. By 1964 Perisher had 12 lifts and by 1972 there were 14 lifts. Ken Murray sold the resort to Australian Consolidated Press after the 1972 ski season. Originally, the Perisher T-bars on Front and Centre Valleys were not named. Number 1 was Wentworth on Front Valley, and they were numbered consecutively westward to what is now Leichhardt. The Mt Perisher T-bars, Sun Valley, International, Olympic and Eyre have always had those names. Current Perisher and Guthega trail maps.
Guthega. For an updated history of Guthega and its ski lifts, see Guthega History on Wikiski.
Mergers. Perisher and Smiggins merged after the 1972 ski season. Blue Cow and Guthega merged in 1991 (under the ownership of Transfield Kumagai). Both these combined companies merged to become Perisher Blue in 1995. In 2009 'Blue' was deleted from the resort name and it became just 'Perisher'. In 2015 the unified resort was bought by Vail Resorts for A$176.6 million. The company that owns 10 ski resorts in the United States.
Perisher. Thanks to "VSG", "Ian S", "Golds70", "shadow1" and especially the person who wishes to remain anonymous who supplied many of the dates.
Guthega. Thanks to "Atlantisau" for contributions that helped to untangle the confusion of hearsay and conflicting information.
More on the history of the greater Perisher area:
Peter Southwell-Keely. Highway to heaven: a history of Perisher and the ski resorts along the Kosciuszko Road. Perisher Historical Society, 2013. Some of the information on early lifts conflicts with other sources.
- Appendix F, pp. 249 - 251 lists all club and commercial lodges built in the area (although it excludes staff accommodation, retail premises, etc.)
© David Sisson 2007 - 2018. This list was first published on 20 August 2007 and has been updated regularly since then.
14. Selwyn Snow Resort
|?||Rope tow||1961? - ?||-||-||John and Helen Dowling, tow formerly ran in the A.C.T.|
|The Quarry||Rope tow||1966 - ?||-||Township run||Colin Myers.|
|Car park||2 x rope||< 1983 >||250 / 27||South of Selwyn Centre||-|
|Beginners||2 x rope||< 1983 >||200 / 20||Near New Chum chair site||-|
|Township 1||T-bar||1972 - 2008||500 / 75||-||Moved from Perisher. Replaced by Township chair in 2009|
|Township 2||T-bar||1978 - 2008||500 / 75||-||Moved from Kiandra. Replaced by Township chair in 2009|
|Bullock Head||Poma||< 1983 >||450 / 90||North of Selwyn Centre||-|
|Racecourse||Poma||< 1983 >||500 / 110||-||-|
|Racecourse||T-bar||<1984 - present||-||-||-|
|Ski School||Rope tow||<1984 - present||-||-||-|
|New Chum||2-Chair-F||1988 - present||-||-||-|
|Powerline||Rope tow||< 1983 >||300 / 42||-||-|
|Powerline||Poma||? - present||-||-||Was to be replaced by the extended triple chair, but still intact|
|Homerun||Poma||? - present||-||-||-|
|Boomerang||Platter||? - present||-||-||-|
|Home Run||Poma||<1984 - present||-||-||-|
|Snowflake||Snowtube||? - present||-||-||-|
|Wombat||Rope tow||< 1983 >||250 / 35||-||-|
|Wombat||T-bar||<1984 - present||-||-||Converted to snowtube circa 2003, back to T-bar 2009|
|Gentle Annie||Carpet||? - present||-||-||-|
|unknown||?||<1998 - ?||B/w Ski Sch & Home Run||-|
|Township||3-Chair-F||2009 - present||709 / ?||Township||Buller's Helicopter Flat / ABOM chair relocated|
Either Powerline or Homerun Poma was moved from Smiggins. Colin Myers and his family built and operated all tows on Mt Selwyn from 1966 to 2015. In October 2015 it was announced that the resort had been sold to the Blyton Group, owners of Charlotte Pass. More information on dates of lift construction would be appreciated. Current trail map.
In the past there were 11 other lifts nearby at: Kiandra (4), Tumut Ski Club (1) Kings Cross (1), Cabramurra (3), Round Mountain (1) and Tooma Dam (1). All were removed long ago except the Poma and a handle tow at Cabramurra which still operate.
© David Sisson 2007 - 2018. This list was first published on 12 August 2007 and has been updated regularly since then.
15. Tasmania: proposed resorts and proposed gondolas
Proposed Tasmanian resorts
|Mt Rufus||Late 1940's||Rufus Ski Club. Work began on two lifts but was never completed|
|Black Bluff||1960||Part of Ellis brothers scheme to build a chalet & 16 cabins at Lake Lea near Cradle Mountain|
|Mt Rufus||1971||Planned to include a gondola, 4 chairlifts and 2 pomas. Access from Lake St Clair area|
|Florentine Peak||Early 1970's||Proposed resort development with several lifts. May have been intended to link with Mt Mawson club field|
|Mt Wellington||1993||Planned as part of a $31 million, fourth scheme to build a Mt Wellington cable car. The ski field was to be at the back of the mountain|
Despite a number of proposals, there have been no successful attempts to build ski lifts at locations other than the ski resort at Ben Lomond and the club field at Mt Mawson. For more detailed information and a map of the proposed Mt Rufus resort, see...
Proposed Tasmanian ropeways (gondolas, funiculars and aerial trams)
|Mt Wellington (1)||-||-|
|Mt Wellington (2)||-||-|
|Mt Wellington (3)||-||-|
|Mt Wellington (4)||1993||Planned as part of a $31 million, fourth scheme to build a Mt Wellington cable car. The ski field was to be at the back of the mountain|
|Mt Wellington (5)||Current||-|
|Mt Roland||Current||Proposes an aerial tram|
|Launceston||2015 - 2016||Would have run from Penny Royal - First Basin of Cataract Gorge. Newspaper report|
|Maydena||c.2005- 2007||Maydena Hauler funicular railway was based on success of Forestry Tas tourist developments such as Tahune Airwalk & Dismall Swamp|
|Cradle Valley||2015 - present||Gondola proposed to replace shuttle buses from Visitor Centre to Dove Lake. Road would be closed to all but PWS vehicles|
There are a surprising number of proposals for Tasmanian gondolas and aerial trams at the moment. Of course, obtaining funding and then passing innumerable bureaucratic, legal, environmental and most of all political obstacles are the big problems for the proponents. The one most likely to be built is probably the two stage Mt Wellington gondola / tram.
|Crackenback||Nutcracker||Various||1957 only||c.800/ 287||Mid half of Kosci Express||Cost £1870, used parts of Northcote Tow *|
|Gam Tow||T-bar||John Gam||1957 - ?||275 / 76||Below C/back nutcracker||Light & underpowered. Probably 1957 only|
|Crackenback||2-Chair-F||Mueller / Riblet||1958 - 1989||1835/ 560||Same as Kosci Express||Originally to Kareela, lengthened 1962. Orig vertical = 435 m. *|
|?||Rope tow||-||1958 - 1963||. ? / 122||Kareela - Upper C/back||Relocated 1957 Crackenback nutcracker lift|
|Middle||T-bar||-||1962 - 1967||-||Middle Snowgums||Later moved to Merrits, renamed Ski School|
|?||Rope tow||-||1963?||-||Upper Snowgums||Original Crackenback rope tow moved again|
|Basin||T-bar||-||1963 - present||650 / 145||In Basin, top of mountain||-|
|Ramshead||2-Chair-F||Riblet||1963 - 2011||1770/ 480||Base to bottom of Basin||Top stat moved uphill, orig prone to drifts. Notice of closure|
|?||Rope tow||-||1964 - 1967||-||B/w Kosi Ex & Ramshead||4th location for 1957 Crackenback rope tow|
|Merritts||2-Chair-F||Riblet||1968 - present||1350/ 299||Base area to Merritts||-|
|Merritts Duplex 1||T-bar||-||1968 - 1994||696 / 162||Merritts, Walkabout run||Replaced by Cruiser Chair|
|Merritts Duplex 2||T-bar||-||1968 - 1994||753 / 180||Merritts, Walkabout run||Replaced by Cruiser Chair|
|Ski School / Easy Rider||T-bar||-||1968 - present||now 275/65||Merritts Spur||Shortened & renamed in 1995. Originally 410/80|
|Anton's||T-bar||-||1977 - present||800 / 230||Central Spur||Originally self-loading (= chaos)|
|Harusch?||Rope tow||-||1978 - 1995||-||Valley Terminal||-|
|Harusch 100||Rope tow||-||< 1982 >||220 / 15||Beyond Harusch 500||-|
|Harusch 500||Rope tow||-||< 1982 >||131 / 15||Top C/back - top of Basin||-|
|Harusch 1000||Rope tow||-||1978 - 1995||148 / 40||West of Merrits T-bars||Under Merritts top station, remains still visible in 2006|
|Mitey Mite||Rope tow||-||< 1982 >||163 / 28||Merritts Spur||May have been a handle tow rather than a rope tow?|
|Karel's||T-bar||Doppelmayr||1979 - present||464 / 83||-||Highest remaining ski lift in Aust|
|Sponar's||T-bar||-||1979 - present||942 / 260||Central Spur||-|
|Snowgums||2-Chair-F||Doppelmayr||1980 - present||1735/ 472||Parallels Kosci Express||Fastest chair in Aust when opened|
|Gunbarrel Express||4-Chair-D||Doppelmayr||1988 - present||1679/ 426||-||-|
|Easy Does It||4-Chair-F||Doppelmayr||1988 - present||448 / 49||Friday Flat||-|
|Crackenback/Kosciusko Exp||4-Chair/Gond-D||Doppelmayr||1990 - present||1860/ 560||-||Replaced original Crackenback chair, renamed 2001|
|Cruiser||4-Chair-D||Doppelmayr||1994 - present||1000/ 214||Merritts Spur||Superseded Merrits duplex T Bar.|
|Snowrunner 1||Carpet||-||2000 - present||. 80 / 13||Friday Flat||-|
|Sundowner / Snowrunner 2||Carpet||-||2000 - present||. 85 / 10||Friday Flat||-|
|The Burrow||Enclosed carpet||-||2013 - present||. ? / ?||Friday Flat||-|
|Twin Valleys||?||-||1983 plan||-||Nth east of Friday Flat||-|
|High Noon||Sextuple chair||-||2006 plan||-||Upper slopes||-|
|Golf Course Bowl||Chairlift||-||2006 plan||-||Upper slopes||c.1820 - c.2030 metres|
|Lower Golf Course||Chairlift||-||2006 plan||-||9th hole-mid Ramshd Chair||-|
|Golf Course Beginners||?||-||2006 plan||-||Near Crackenback estate||-|
|Fiveways||T-bar||-||2006 plan||-||500 m west of Sponars||-|
|New Kosciusko Express||6-Chair-D||-||2006 plan||-||-||Replace & extend current quad|
See the Charlotte Pass section for details of the two chairlifts that operated between Thredbo Valley and Charlotte Pass in 1964 and 1965.
The Crackenback nutcracker lift was built from components of the Northcote Tow. Gelignite was used in the Kunama Basin to stop further build up of the avalanche causing snow which had demolished nearby Kunama Lodge. When faulty heating in the Northcote Tow hut caused a minor fire, the occupants bolted outside before the gelignite ignited, blowing the hut to smithereens. But the poles and sheaves were in good condition and these were utilised in the Crackenback tow. The engine for Crackenback was second hand from a rock crusher which had been used on the Snowy Hydro Scheme, the gear wheels and bullwheels were from cranes. The engine was put on a sled and winched itself up to the top station where it was installed in a shed made from bush timber and second hand iron. The lift was designed by Geoffrey Hughes who had been chairman of the Northcote Tow sub-committee. It cost £1870 to buy and install. After it was replaced by the Crackenback chairlift, the nutcracker tow was moved up hill to provide access to the higher slopes.
The Crackenback double chair was originally 100% Mueller product, as was the 1962 extension. There were many operating difficulties with the lift including an occasion in 1962 the cable lost tension causing people to fall into the snow. Later the towers and sheaves on the upper section were later replaced with Riblet components due to what was described as 'technical issues' including derailing. The lift was built by Transfield with on mountain transport provided by Helicopter Utilities. The cost (before the extension) was £35,000 (one source says £45,000).
A few areas of this listing are still incomplete. Names are missing for some Thredbo rope tows and dates for a few lifts on the same sites overlap, so they may be a year out. Current and historic trail maps. Thanks to 'Ian S' for help and to 'Richardo' for details of manufacturers of early chairlifts.
More on Thredbo history.
Jim Darby. Thredbo 50: 1957 to 2007. tSm Publishing, 2006.
Helen Swinbourne. Accordions in the snow gums: Thredbo's early years. Thredbo Historical Society Inc., 2006.
Geoffrey Hughes. Starting Thredbo. The author, 2008. pp. 28 - 33.
Roger Andrew. Thredbo: my story. The author, 2011.
Chas Keys. Thredbo: pioneers, legends, community. Halstead Press, 2017.
© David Sisson 2007 - 2018. This list was first published on 31 July 2007 and has been updated regularly since then.
17. Victoria: outside resorts
|Mt St Bernard||Nutcracker||Wangaratta Ski Club||1955 - present||Mt St Bernard||Tow was originally at Bull Run on Mt Buller|
|Mt St Bernard||Nutcracker||Wangaratta Ski Club||1958 - present||Nursery Tow||-|
|Bogong High Plains||Nutcracker||Rover Scouts||1968 - present||-||Langford West Aqueduct. Didn't operate 2003 - 2005|
|Mt Wills||Nutcracker||Tallangatta Ski Club||1954-late 90's||-||2 km north of summit near club's lodge. Wire rope nutcracker with 28 hp Reo bus engine|
|Mt Wills||Rope tow||Tallangatta Ski Club||. ? - c.2000||_||Hand help rope tow. Used after unable to get insurance for main lift|
|Dinner Plain||Platter||Dinner Plain||1985? - present||Cobungra Platter||175 m, 18 m rise. Capacity 731 p/h. Formerly at Plains of Heaven, Hotham|
|Dinner Plain||Tubing lift||D.P. / Alpine Shire||2015 - present||-||Ex Mt Buffalo. Delivered to D.P. on 11/12/14|
|Mt St Gwinear||Rope tow||.||2009||Portable rope tow||Claimed in Warrigul Gazette article in 2009, but no sign of it yet|
There is fragmentary evidence for a hand held rope tow operating at Diamantina Hut near Hotham in the late 1960's or early 1970s. Any conformation of it's existence would appreciated, solid details such as it's route or a photo would be appreciated even more.
© David Sisson 2007 - 2018. This list was first published on 30 July 2007 and has been updated regularly since then.
18. Other passenger ropeways (non snow)
|Area||Name||Type of lift||Dates||Length/vert||Notes|
|New South Wales||.|
|Sydney||Taronga Zoo||Gondola||2000?-present||Sky Safari Cableway. Web page. Photo gallery on Poma website.|
|Sydney||Former showgrounds||Gondola||1970's - 1997||Reinstalled at Wonderland.|
|Sydney||Former showgrounds||Double? chair||1960's? -1997||-|
|Sydney||Wonderland||Gondola or chairlift?||1999 - 2002||Ex showgrounds, renamed Skyrider|
|Sydney||Moore Park grass ski||Rope tow?||? - 200?||There is a possibility this may have been a chairlift|
|Kurrajong||Grass ski & cart||Drag tow?||<1983-present||Now only carting. link|
|Camden||Razorback Grass Ski||?||< 1983 >||Located on Mt Hercules Road|
|Fernleigh||Fernleigh Grass Ski Pk||?||?||Located on Fernleigh Road|
|Port Macquarie||Grass ski||Drag tow?||?||-|
|Katoomba||Skyway||Cable car||1958 - 2004||330 / -||Amusement park directory|
|Katoomba||Scenic Skyway||Aerial tram||2004 - present||384 / 15||Made by CWA Constructions, partial glass floor. Web page. Amusement park directory|
|Katoomba||Scenic Cableway||Aerial tram||2000 - present||545 / 215||Doppelmayr. Known as Sceniscender 2000 - 2004. Renamed "Scenic Flyway" 2004 to late 2005. "Scenic Cableway" 2005 - present. Web page. Amusement park listing|
|Katoomba||Scenic Railway||Incline elevator||1994 -present||310 / 206||Single track, cable hauled. Built 1878, passengers from 1928, rebuilt by Doppelmayr-Garaventa 2013, new cars by CWA. Web page. Amusement park lising|
|Wollongong||Jamberoo Action Park||Double chair||1980 - present||500 / 130||Part of former Charlotte Pass - Thredbo Valley chairlift. Lift history & Amusement park directory|
|near Urunga & Mylestom||Grass skiing||c.1982||.||.|
|Albury *||Grass ski/wheeled toboggan||?||86 or 7 - 2006||At Great Aussie Holiday Park To be recommissioned in 2013 for mountain bikes|
|Melbourne||Showgrounds||Double chair||19?? - 200?||-|
|Montrose||Fox's Point Scenic Railway||Funicular r/way||1956 - 1962/3||3 rail & passing loop, 34m vertical, 45° angle. More information and photos|
|Dromana||Arthur's Seat||Double chair||1960 - 2003||Cost £20,000. Made by Australasian Ropeway (Dr Vladimir Hayek). 11/01/1961 promo video http://www.britishpathe.com/video/scenic-chair-lift-opened-in-victoria/. Rebuilt 2003 - 2004|
|Dromana||Arthur's Seat||Double chair||2004 - 2006||950 / 225||Speed 0.8 m/s. The website is still available|
|Dromana||Eagle Skylift Arthur's Seat||8 pas gondola||3 Dec 2016||Announced 30 Oct 2010 Cost $5 million. Herald Sun article Age article. Web page|
|Portsea||Back Beach||Double chair||1962- c.1971||Built by Ron McCallum. Article. Photo. Colour promotional photo|
|Frankston||Whistle Stop Amusement Pk||Double chair||1969 - 1970||Land in Skye Rd sold & redeveloped, lift relocated to Carribean Gardens|
|Scoresby||Carribean Gardens||Double chair||c1970-present||Built by Ron McCallum. The Frankston chairlift relocated|
|Torquay||Grass Ski Torquay||Handle tow?||1980's||Located on Duffields Road|
|Marysville||Marysville Fun Park||?||< 1983 >||Grass skiing. Located on Buxton Road|
|Yinnar South||Dunalton Grass Ski||Rope tow||1970's - >1983||Located on Brewster Road|
|Rubicon||Hydro Scheme||Tracked cable haulage||1927 -c.1999||Only timber / hydro funicular or cable haulage to regularly take passengers. Now unused|
|Hobart||Showgrounds||Double chair||c.1980-c.2009||Made by Dr Vladimir Hayek's Australasian Ropeway|
|Hobart||Hobart Grass Ski Centre||?||< 1983 >||Austins Ferry|
|Launceston||Cataract Gorge||Double chair||1972 - present||457 / -||Claimed longest chairlift span in world (308 m), builder Ron McCallum Web page|
|Launceston||Cataract Gorge||Incline elevator||2009 - present||? / -||Inclinator. Track runs parallel to long staircase, assists the disabled (or lazy). Builder P.R. King & Sons. Inclinator Web page Cost $2.31 million|
|Stanley||The Nut||Double chair||c1988-present||250 / 95||Web page. Lift previously located at Mt Baw Baw|
|Queenstown||Double chair||?<2009>?||No website, so no details. Appears to be no longer operating. Photo.|
|Adelaide||Mt Thebarton||Conveyor/carpet||1987 - 2005||World's first indoor ski slope|
|Adelaide||Showgrounds||Double chair||1980 - 2002||Installed when Wayville Pavilion built, ran from Northern gate to east of oval|
|Kersbrook||Kersbrook Grass Ski Pk||Drag tow?||< 1983 >||Located on Kersbrook Road|
|Adelaide||Grass ski park||?||1980's?||Unconfirmed second grass ski park|
|Victor Harbour||Granite Island||Double chair||1964 - 1996||Link to dates|
|Perth||Showgrounds||Double chair||1971 - present||546 / -||Built by McCallum Engineering. Cost $80,000. Originally named Cambridge Chair Lift after a cigarette brand|
|Wooroloo||El Caballo Blanco||Double chair||>1974-<1993||Current website. Moved to Adventure World|
|Bibra Lake||Adventure World||Double chair||1993 - present||Sky Lift, 43 chairs. Amusement park directory|
|Wanneroo||Grass skiing||Rope tow||1980's|
|Brisbane||Showgrounds||Double chair||1971 - 2009||Made by Australasian Ropeway. Removed when showgrounds redeveloped|
|Brisbane||Samford Grass Ski Pk||?||1983 - 1993||link.|
|Gold Coast||Magic Mountain||Double chair||1962 - 1987||Reinstalled at Dreamworld|
|Gold Coast||Dreamworld||Double chair||1989 - 2005||312 / -||Skylink ex Magic Mountain. Designed by Ferrari Australia., 38 chairs. Parkz Web page.|
|Gold Coast||Sea World||Open pulsed gondola||1989 - 2015||480 / -||Sky High Skyway. 4 Passengers per gondola. Parkz directory says made by Arrow Dynamics, a roller coaster maker, but looks like a Von Roll. Amusement pk directory|
|Woombye||Grass skiing||?||?||Apparently didn't last long. Possibly at Nambour rather than Woombye|
|Mt Bellenden Ker||Telecommunications||Open gondola||1971?-present||5229 / ?||Maker, Waagner Biro. Used by Broadcast Aust. Provides access to antenna on summit. Photo|
|Kareeya Power Station||-||?||1957 - present||Near Tully. Used by Stanwell.|
|Caravonica-Red Peak||Skyrail||6 seat gondola||1995 - present||Combined||2 separate cableways, total 114 cars, capacity 700 hour. website|
|Red Peak - Kuranda||Skyrail||6 seat gondola||1995 - present||= 7.5 km||2 separate cableways, built by Leitner-Poma. website|
In addition to these passenger lifts, there were dozens of aerial freight cableways and hundreds of tracked steep cable haulages built for dam construction, timber harvesting, mining, hydro electricity, etc.
More on Albury grass ski lift. The original owners of the park Peter King and his brother Graeme employed a local engineer in Albury named Jock Hutton to design the lift and it was built by a local engineering shop. He thinks they commissioned it in 86-87 for grass skiing and after grass skiing died a natural death in the late nineties, a local guy along with Peter built some wheeled toboggans and park guests paid to use it on and off up to 2006 when the park changed ownership... It was planned to be recommissioned by the end of 2013 for a mountain bike park...
Thanks to Pressman for info on Adelaide Showgrounds chairlift, Russell Diffey for details of the Albury lift, Maurie Copsey for info on FNQ ropeways and these posters from http://ski.com.au/forum for help with this section: SnowAndrew, ians 158, HiLo, jt-ski, Heinz, Dive, BLB, cashie, SAL, Claude Cat, pigface, Rowdy, PolePlant, K10, TACKIE, Mamabear, kimberlee81, currawong, D-eye, the following from http://www.railpage.com.au/f.htm : Johnmc, 2001, watchdog, and these posters fromhttp://www.parkz.com.au/forums : reanimated35, pinksmile, AlexB
19. Proposed ski developments outside snow fields
|Perth area, W.A.||2007 - 2010||Proposed indoor 400 m ski slope. website|
|Kooralbyn, Qld||1990's||Proposed outdoor 300m slope on artificial snow. website|
|Hobart, Tas||2010||Revival of 1990's plan for Mt Wellington cable car with slick video and Facebook page|
|Sydney, NSW||c.2007?||Proposed snow dome, was proposed to open in 2016. website|
20. Cross country ski resorts (no lifts)
Surprisingly, the resort logos shown at the start of the sections on downhill ski resorts have been remarkably popular. So to complete the record, here are logos from cross country resorts with links to their websites.
Please send any older logos not shown on this page to: sisson.dave at yahoo.com.au
Corin Forest (ACT). Resort website.
Dinner Plain (Victoria). Resort website.
Lake Mountain (Victoria). Resort website.
Mt Donna Buang (Victoria). No resort website. Donna Buang ski history article.
Mt Stirling (Victoria). Resort website.
Older news stories.
See top of page for recent stories.
28 October 2016. A fund raising campaign has been launched by a company wishing to buy Ben Lomond's Alpine Enterprises (lifts) and Snow Sports (ski school, ski hire & cafe). The campaign offers discounted season passes to subscribers if it is successful. There are plans to increase slope grooming and install 15 extra snow making machines on the five busiest runs and on a toboggan slope.
14 September 2016. The 'Eagle Skylift Arthurs Seat' will open on 3 December. Video of load testing is on their Facebook page. Rides in the first 8 seat gondola are being auctioned on their website with proceeds going to charity. The next gondolas will be filled by VIPs before the lift is open to the public.
27 May 2016. Corin Forest on the outskirts of Canberra has installed a 75 metre long carpet, the first ski lift for 20 years at this mainly cross country skiing and snow play destination. It is Australia's only new ski lift for 2016 although construction of the Arthurs Seat tourist gondola in Victoria is nearly complete. Canberra Times article.
2 October 2015. Selwyn Snowfields has been bought by the Blyton Group, owners of Charlotte Pass. Media release. The resort logo was changed for the 2016 season.
21 July 2015. The $16 million Arthurs Seat Skylift has passed all planning hurdles, a 50 year lease has been signed and construction is due to begin shortly with a planned opening in 2016. It appears it will be a 'chondola', a detachable quad chair that also features gondola cabins. Link to newspaper article.
14 June 2015. Sea World on the Gold Coast closed its 'Sky High Skyway' pulsed gondola and removed the open cabins from the ride. Aus Parks report.
15 December 2014. $14 million Arthurs Seat gondola near Melbourne granted planning approval. This one looks likely to go ahead, the syndicate appears to be well organised and to have adequate funding. There is an informal NIMBY group, however they don't appear to have any tangible moral or legal arguments against replacing the old chairlift with a gondola. Newspaper article.
11 December 2014. A tubing lift (ex Mt Buffalo) arrived at Dinner Plain and will be operating for the 2015 snow season.
30 June 2014. Perisher's new Freedom chairlift at Guthega operated for the first time today. Report and video.
17 April 2014 The Hobart Cable Car proposal has been formally launched. It will involve a Doppelmayr gondola from the Cascade brewery to Golden Gully Park, approximately a third of the way up the mountain. Activities such as mountain biking and a high rope course will be based there. From Golden Gully an aerial tram will head up to The Pinnacle at the top of the mountain. (an earlier proposal was for a funitel twin cable gondola) Details at their Facebook page and website.
- The Australian page of Skimap.org contains 80 historic lift and run maps of all Australian ski resorts and the club fields at Mt St Bernard and Mt Mawson.
- A useful illustrated glossary of ski lift terms. It's American, so some terms may be a little different.
- The well illustrated site Australian oversnow equipment has information on oversnow vehicles used in Australia, with a blog and a directory of manufacturers.
- Chairlift identifier. Identify the manufacturer and age of lifts by parts such as grips, terminals, sheaves, etc.
Other ski lift directories
- List of New Zealand Ski Lifts. A page which started well, but is no longer maintained, possibly due to overzealous interference from Wikipedia editors.
- An incomplete directory of North American ski lifts. Choose US or Canada on the left of the page.
- A directory of Swiss ski lifts. Despite a basic English interface, much of the text is in German.
- Lift World includes lifts in most countries, but there are lots of omissions and only two Australian resorts have (incomplete) entries.
Ski lift manufacturers: local
- McCallum Engineering. Ron McCallum built about 20 chairlifts and T-bars throughout Australia in the 1960s and early 70s from a base in Moorabbin, Melbourne. Hoepefully an article will be written soon on his achievements. Lifts built include Skyline rope tow, Gully chairlift and the Summit, Village, Saddle and Sun Valley T-bars at Falls Creek, the chairlifts at Portsea, Launceston, Perth Showgrounds and Frankston/Caribbean Gardens. Another lift that is probably McCallum is the Boggy Creek T-bar at Buller.
- Gam / Ski Tows Pty Ltd. Run by John Gam and Geoff Hughes. Built the Gam portable T-bars that ran at Thredbo and Lake Albina in the late 1950's. Also built T-bars at Kiandra in 1958 and Perisher in 1959 and 1960. Gam's death in late 1959 put an end to lift design, although the company continued to operate as an agency for Mueller. (Not to be confused with Ski Tows Ltd, the original lift company at Mt Hotham.)
- Australasian Ropeway. Another local outfit that built a few chairlifts. It appears to have been run by Dr Vladimir Hayek, a Czech who designed Australia's first chairlift at Falls Creek, but details are sketchy. Lifts definitely built by Hayek include Arthur's Seat (Mk 1), Hobart Showgrounds, Brisbane Showgrounds. Any further information would be very useful.
- Hamilton. Most Australian nutcracker lifts are derived from the the design perfected by Bill (later Sir William) Hamilton in New Zealand. Hamilton installed his first lift at at Coronet Peak in 1947 and within a few years had perfected the Hamilton Model B design that has been used ever since. Most of the early nutcracker lifts installed in Australia were Hamilton products. Hamilton appears to have been the only commercial maker of nutcracker tows installed in Australia and New Zealand, although the Model B design was later widely copied by individuals and clubs. There is no website dedicated to Hamilton ski tows.
Ski lift manufacturers: foreign
- Doppelmayr: all areas.
- Riblet was an American chairlift manufacturer which grew to be the biggest in the world. But they failed to cater to the market's demand for detachable grip lifts. After atrophying for years, they finally closed down in 2003. The Ramshead and Merrits chairlifts at Thredbo were Riblet products.
- Wikipedia page on Mueller Switzerland which closed in 1992. Mueller North America web page. Mueller built a few lifts in Australia, notably the 1958 Crackenback chair at Thredbo and the Mt Perisher double at Perisher in 1961. The ill fated, 5.5 km chairlift between Thredbo Valley and Charlotte Pass which operated in 1964 and 1965 also used some Mueller parts.
- BMF (Bartholet Maschinenbau AG). A new Swiss entrant in the market. They haven't installed a lift in Australia or New Zealand yet. BMF website. BMF ropeways publicity book (big download).
- Von Roll was a legendary Swiss company that attracted stronger brand loyalty than any other lift manufacturer. They built chairlifts and gondolas throughout the world, but the only one in Australia was probably the Sky High Skyway on the Gold Coast that closed in October 2015. The company sold it's cableway and ski lift division to Doppelmayr in 1996. Wikipedia page.
- Harusch Lifts. 30 years ago Thredbo had four lifts made by this small Canadian surface lift company. It's possible that they also made the portable handle tows that were used at Falls Creek, Thredbo and the one that is still used at Cabramurra.
- Sunkid. Austrian manufacturer of simple surface lifts: carpets, handle tows, carousels, etc.
- Wikipedia list of current and former manufacturers. Incomplete and excludes some companies such as Hamilton and Yac that have installed lifts in Australia.
- skilifts.org links pages for large lift manufacturers.
- skilifts.org links pages for small lift manufacturers.
Finally, this listing is regularly updated, so if you notice any errors or omissions, please send an email to sisson.dave at yahoo.com.au
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