Australian ski lift directory

Details of nearly 500 ski lifts and passenger ropeways that have operated in Australia

Recent ski lift news

Mt Buller’s Boggy Creek T-bar ran for the last time in its traditional form in September. The 1967 lift was manufactured by Australian ski lift maker McCallum Engineering. From 2020 it will be shortened and converted to electric power. The former base station area will become part of a new dam for snow making and town water.

28 September 2019. New section. Section 1.1 lists records, oddities and FAQs in relation to ski lifts in Australia.

16 September 2019. Following the recent trend to hold charity auctions for redundant chairlift carriers at Mt Buller, Thredbo and Falls Creek, Thredbo will be auctioning most of the 112 chairs from the old Merritts double chairlift in a staged online auction from 24 September to 1 October. If you fancy a new garden swing, the reserve price is $1000 per chair. UPDATE. The auction raised over $200,000 for worthy causes with Chair 2 going for the highest price of $4005. A more typical price was $2500 each.

22 July 2019. A chair on the Gunbarrel lift at Thredbo fell 10 metres on to soft snow. The only person on the chair suffered light bruising. The resort gave the reason as ‘a freak gust of wind’, although this is not an isolated incident, an unoccupied chair also fell from the same lift in 2016.

Gunbarrel is a 31 year old, 1679 metre long, Doppelmayr detachable quad chairlift that climbs 426 metres from the Woodridge and Friday Flat areas up the mountain to just below the treeline. Safework NSW imposed a non disturbance order on the lift while it was investigated, but the lift was reopened a day and a half later without any explanation for the cause of the accident. Many other detachable quads in Australia are far more exposed to wind than Gunbarrel and none have ever shed chairs, so some people find Thredbo’s explanation less than convincing. Sixty years earlier Thredbo had similar problems with its original Crackenback chairlift shedding chairs until it was partly rebuilt circa 1963.

Mt Buller’s new Canyon hybrid platter. / handle tow. Photo: Mt Buller marketing.

30 May 2019. Selwyn opens first and beats the big resorts. Mt Buller and Perisher are often the first resorts to open each winter, both have brand new chairlifts this year and both planned to open on Saturday 1st of June. But in a surprise move, Selwyn Snowfields beat its larger competitors by opening New Chum chairlift on 30 May to earn bragging rights as the first resort to open in 2019. But all three resorts will only operate a very limited number of lifts until the formal opening of the ski season on the 8th of June when other resorts will start running their lifts. So the early opening is mainly for publicity and perhaps for last minute training of new lifties.

April 2019. Mt Buller is replacing the top Canyon rope tow with a SunKid Comfort Star, hybrid handle tow / platter. The lift is located on an access route between Chamois and Bull Run and assists skiers over a rise. It is being replaced because some users had trouble getting a firm grip on the rope of the old tow. The second Canyon rope tow on a gentler rise will remain.

Australia's first chairlift. Bob Hyman's 1957 single chairlift at Falls Creek.

Australia's first chairlift. Bob Hyman's 1957 single chairlift at Falls Creek.

Older lift related news stories are in section 23 at the end of this web page.

The 1938 - 1952 'Ski Hoist' (or 'Meat Hook') J-bar at Charlotte Pass, the first ski lift in NSW.

The 1938 - 1952 'Ski Hoist' (or 'Meat Hook') J-bar at Charlotte Pass, the first ski lift in NSW.

© David Sisson 2007 - 2019.


The Rodway Tow at Mt Mawson, Tasmania.

The Rodway Tow at Mt Mawson, Tasmania.

Click on the main headings to go to that section.
A few notable lifts have short profiles. Readers are welcome to submit profiles of other lifts

1. Introduction
1.1 Records, oddities and FAQs. (New section added 28/09/2019.)
2. Types of ski lifts
      2.1 Aerial lifts: Chairlifts, Chondolas, Gondolas, Aerial trams
      2.2 Surface lifts with an elevated cable: T-bars, J-bars, Platters, Poma-lifts
      2.3 Surface lifts with a lower cable: Nutcracker tows, Handle tows, Rope tows, Carpets
3.  Ski lift Manufacturers (Section entirely rewritten May 2019.)
    3.1 Australia and New Zealand: McCallum, Australasian Ropeways, Gam, Hamilton
      3.2 Foreign: Doppelmayr-Garaventa, Leitner-Poma, others companies, defunct companies
4. Australian Capital Territory
5. Ben Lomond
6. Charlotte Pass
7. Falls Creek
      - Alpine Chair Lift
      - International Poma
8. Mt Baw Baw
9. Mt Buffalo
10. Mt Buller
      - Summit Access - Howqua Poma
      - Blue Bullets 1 & 2. Coming soon.
11. Mt Hotham
      - Playground chairlift
      - Blue Ribbon nutcracker
12. Mt Mawson
13. New South Wales, outside resorts
14. Perisher (including Smiggin Holes, Guthega and Blue Cow)
15. Selwyn Snow Resort
16. Tasmania: proposed ski resorts and proposed gondolas
17. Thredbo
      - Crackenback nutcracker
18. Victoria, outside resorts
19. Other passenger ropeways (non snow)
      - Brisbane Expo ‘88. Cornered chairlift & handle tow
20. Proposed ski developments outside snow fields
21. Cross country ski resorts (no lifts)
22. Links
23. Older news stories

© David Sisson 2007 - 2019.

You can donate to help cover costs of research and running this website, but please don't feel obliged to.

1. Introduction

This article lists all of the nearly 500 ski lifts and passenger ropeways that have operated in Australia including several dozen lifts away from the snowfields. The dates cited are the ski seasons a lift operated (or if a lift didn't run in poor snow seasons, the years it was available to operate). Also included are a few planned lifts where details have been published.

Lift companies. Lifts at most ski resorts began with individuals and clubs taking the initiative. This meant that at all resorts except Thredbo, Mt Mawson and Charlotte Pass, skiers initially had to choose which lifts they would buy tickets for. In the 1950's there were four different groups running lifts at each of Buller, Falls Creek and in the Perisher area. The early 1960's saw most of the small operators close down or sell out, but Baw Baw only gained a single lift company in 1981 and Buller's lifts only came under a single company 1985. The four adjoining ski areas in the greater Perisher region were finally united in 1995. The last resort with two lift companies was Ben Lomond where Alpine Enterprises and Tasmanian Ski Lifts competed with each other until 2001.

Ski lifts outside resorts. Generally the clubs that operate lifts on Mt St Bernard, the Bogong High Plains and until recently, Cabramurra have only permited members and their guests to use the lifts as their liability insurance doesn't cover outsiders. But if you know someone or can spin a convincing story, you may be able to hitch a ride.

Older ski areas without lifts. In Victoria Mt Donna Buang was Australia's only true ski resort before the Second World War and had four ski lodges, cafes, a ski hire, day shelters, six cleared ski runs and a huge ski jump, but it never had ski lifts. Likewise both the Feathertop Bungalow and Mt St Bernard Hospice were very popular commercial ski lodges before they were burnt in the 1939 fires, but no lifts were built at either location until the 1950s when a couple were installed on St Bernard. In NSW the Hotel Kosciusko at Diggers Creek was a popular pre war ski destination, but no lifts were built there until about 1950 when the heyday of the area was already over and most skiers were heading further up the road to Perisher and Charlotte Pass. The present day cross country ski resorts have never had lifts either except for Corin Forest near Canberra and Lake Mountain near Melbourne which both have a couple of short carpets.

Proposed resorts. A network of chairlifts and Poma lifts, complete with an access gondola was proposed for Mt Rufus in Tasmania in the early 1970s. At about the same time Florentine Peak near Mt Mawson was assessed for it's viability as a modern ski resort, but sadly nothing eventuated at either location. A plan for developing a network of ski lifts on Mt Stirling in Victoria was released in the early 1980's and another was produced in the mid 1990's, but nothing eventuated from either of these plans. A 1950 report on developing Victoria's ski fields recommended development of an 'alpine village' at Mt Wills, but the only things built there were a single lodge, a refuge hut and two lifts, (neither are still in use). There have also been informal proposals to develop Twin Valleys to the east of Thredbo, but since Thredbo was established in 1957, the only new lifted ski area has been Mt Blue Cow in New South Wales, now part of Perisher ski resort.

Resort logos. The latest resort logos were initially used as headers for the sections on each resort, but there has been a surprising level of interest in older ones. So I've added every historic resort logo I can track down, although some are still missing from the early days. Please email any historic logos you may come across, even if the quality or resolution isn’t great.

Lift lengths. Where information on the length of a lift has been found in several different sources, it sometimes differs by 5 or 10 percent. This may be due to the difference between the actual length of the path on the ground and the distance on a map which does not take the vertical into account. If research has turned up two slightly different lengths, the official length as stated by the lift operator has been cited. Of course several lifts have been lengthened or shortened during their lifetimes and those lifts have the differing distances explained in the notes section.

Express lifts. ‘Express’ is a marketing term for lifts that run faster than usual. While T-bars, platters and fixed grip chairlifts usually operate at speeds under 2½ metres per second, other types of lift where the grip detaches from the tow rope when loading such as Poma lifts, nutcrackers and detachable chairlifts can run at double that speed. Of course, not all lift companies run their detachable grip lifts at 5 metres per second all of the time.

Many hundreds of industrial ropeways used to transport materials have operated in Australia. While they are not covered here, it’s worth noting that the most common were funicular tramways and cable haulages. The majority were used in timber harvesting in the first half of the 20th century, but others were used in the construction and maintenance of other projects such as the penstocks of hydro-electric schemes.

Aerial ropeways were less common although in the 1920s and 30s some were used to move logs down to timber tramways such as the High Lead near Powelltown in Victoria. An aerial ropeway was built near Melbourne in 1920 to transport cement from Healesville railway station to the site of the Maroondah Dam and a 5.2 km ropeway built by Doppelmayr at Kandos in NSW in 2000 was used to transport limestone to a cement plant until 2012.

Sources. This web page began in 2007 as a small personal project out of frustration at less than accurate reports relating to ski lifts in books, magazines and websites and I didn't bother to cite sources. However it's grown into a bit of a monster with close to 500 lifts and nearly 300,000 page views, so in hindsight I wish I'd footnoted it. However I've been careful to only list lifts that have been reported in reliable histories (resort histories are noted at the end of each section) or which appear in contemporary publications such as magazines and brochures. The only exception is some lifts in the backcountry NSW section where I've had to rely on personal reports from reliable sources. If researchers want to know the source of any information on this page, please email me and I should be able to respond within a few days.

Copyright. This web page and its contents are copyright, so please don't reproduce it without permission. If you use small parts of it in compiling web pages, articles or books, I'd be grateful for an acknowledgement of my work by name and a link to this web page. Thanks.

Finally, this sort of research takes a lot of time and it will probably always be a work in progress. In particular, details of early lifts at Perisher and backcountry lifts in NSW are a little shaky and the Mt Buffalo section needs more information. If you notice any errors, omissions or you have extra information, please email: australianmountains (at) © David Sisson 2007 - 2019.

Australia’s highest altitude ski lift. The Northcote Tow and Kunama Lodge. Click to open in a lightbox.

Australia’s highest altitude ski lift. The Northcote Tow and Kunama Lodge. Click to open in a lightbox.

1.1 Records, oddities and FAQs

New section added 28 September to 18 October 2019.

In response to a number of requests and looking at search engine queries that led to this page, here is a quick run down of FAQs about ski lifts in Australia.

Details of the first and longest of particular types of lift are already in section 2.

Newest and oldest

Newest ski lifts. Arranged by year and then in descending order of price and glamour they are:

- Merritts double chairlift at Thredbo will be replaced with a gondola. Name is yet to be revealed
- Jindera Chairlift a quad on a property near Albury. Will be the first Aust made chairlift in 40 yrs
- Charlotte Pass has plans for a ‘new surface lift’, but have not confirmed if or when it will be built
- Bourke St Express, a Doppelmayr detachable six-pack chairlift at Mt Buller.
- Leichhardt, a Doppelmayr fixed grip quad chairlift at Perisher.
- Canyon, a Sunkid ‘comfort star’ hybrid platter / handle tow at Mt Buller.
- Eagle, a Leitner-Poma detachable quad chairlift at Falls Creek. (No connection with the Arthurs Seat Eagle, a 2016 Doppelmayr gondola in Victoria)
- Frosti Frog and Ski School. Two Team Service carpets at Mt Baw Baw.
- Ski School, a Team Service carpet at Corin Forest in the A.C.T.
- Village and Burton Riglet. Two Team Service carpets at Lake Mountain, a cross country ski resort in Victoria.

First ski lift in Victoria. A rope tow built from old railway lines was installed at Mt Buffalo in 1937.
First ski lift in N.S.W. A J-bar made from wooden beams was erected at Charlotte Pass in 1938.
First ski lift in Tasmania. A nutcracker on the Golden Stairs at Mt Mawson in 1958. Work began on two tows at Mt Rufus in the late 1940s, but they
were never completed. There is an unreliable reference from circa 1957 to a lift at Ben Lomond, but it was probably confused with Mt Mawson
First ski lift in the A.C.T. The Brumby nutcracker tow first ran on Mt Franklin in 1957.

Oldest operating lift in Australia. The oldest operational ski lift is a nutcracker tow at Mt St Bernard in Victoria. It first ran at Mt Buller in 1953 before
moving to St Bernard in 1955 where it has run ever since. Note: St Bernard is a private club field and the public cannot use either of their lifts
First chairlift in Australia. Bob Hymans built the single seat Alpine Chair Lift at Falls Creek in 1957
Oldest operating chairlift in Australia. The Mt Perisher Double chairlift first ran at Perisher Valley in 1961 and it’s still going.

Highest and lowest

Highest ski lift in Australia. The highest ski lift was the Northcote Tow on the Main Range of the Snowy Mountains which climbed to about 2056 m
Highest operating ski lift is Karel’s T-bar at Thredbo with a top station at 2037 metres.
Highest chairlift in Australia. The highest chairlift is the 1961 vintage Mt Perisher double chairlift which ascends to 2033 metres.
Lowest ski lifts in Australia. The three lowest ski lifts are at Mt Mawson in southern Tasmania with Mawson tow having a base at circa 1218 metres
Lowest chairlifts in Australia. There have been plenty of tourist chairlifts operating at close to sea level, but the only ones that actually went right
  down to a beach are the former chairlifts at Portsea Back Beach in Victoria and Granite Island near Victor Harbour in South Australia

Longest and shortest

Longest ski lift. The longest ski lift currently in use is the Kosciusko Express chondola (combined chairlift / gondola) at Thredbo. It is 1860 m long
Longest surface lift was the Tyrol T-bar at Mt Buller which was 1610 metres long before it was shortened.
Longest chairlift. The longest were the two chairlifts that linked Thredbo Valley and Charlotte Pass in 1964 and 65. They were 4757 and 3323 m long
Longest gondolas are the two that operate from near Cairns to Kuranda in Queensland. They have a combined length of 7500 metres.
Shortest ski lift. Several carpets are only 25 metres long. The shortest conventional ski lift is probably Perisher’s 145 metre Tom Thumb J-bar.
Shortest chairlift was the 160 m Valley chairlift at Mt Buffalo which last ran in 2006. The shortest operating chairlift is probably New Chum at Selwyn

Furthest north, south, east and west

North. The northernmost ski lifts were the tows on Mt Franklin in the A.C.T., the most northerly ski lifts running today are the carpets at Corin Forest
  For six months at Expo ‘88 in Brisbane, a handle tow served a ski slope with artificial snow in the Swiss Pavilion.
South. The most southerly ski lifts in Australia are the three nutcracker tows at Mt Mawson in southern Tasmania.
East. The Corin Forest carpets are also further east than any other ski lift in the country,
West. Tank Hill platter at Mt Baw Baw is the westernmost operating ski lift, although the former Baw Baw chairlift was further west.
  Adelaide’s Mt Thebarton had the world’s first indoor ski slope on artificial snow where a carpet lift operated from 1987 to 2005.

Fastest and slowest

This is a rather subjective question because it depends on how fast ski resorts choose to run a lift on a particular day. But there is a definite record for the fastest lift in Australia and it may also have been the fastest ski lift in the world.

Ski lifts where the carrier is permanently attached to the haul rope such as T-bars, platters and fixed grip chairlifts usually run at between 2 and 2½ metres a second, although chairlifts with a loading carpet tend to run slightly faster than those without.
Many beginners lifts run as slow as 1.4 m/s. Easy Does It at Thredbo is exclusively used by beginners and probably qualifies as the chairlift that is consistently run at the slowest speed. Plenty of carpets are run at even slower speeds. Outside ski areas, tourist ropeways also run at modest speeds. In the words of the operators of the Arthur’s Seat Eagle gondola, it ‘has the ability to travel at 3 m/s (10.8 kph) but we generally run it at 1.5 m/s (5.4 kph) so guests can enjoy the view’.

Ski lifts where the grip on the carrier detaches from the haul rope, such as Poma lifts, nutcrackers and detachable chairlifts, can usually run at 4 to 5 metres a second (up to 18 kmh). The fastest chairlift in the country is probably the 5.1 m/s Eagle chairlift built at Falls Creek in 2018 by Leitner Poma.
However the former double ended Summit Access / Howqua Poma lift at Mt Buller was often run at its top speed of 6.5 metres a second during its early years. Not surprisingly, this breakneck speed led to accidents and within a few years the lift was restricted to 4 m/s when open to the public, although it still operated at full speed for staff use. 6.5 metres a second is much faster than any other ski lift in Australia has ever run at and we have not found any reports of ski lifts elsewhere in the world running at over 6 m/s except for giant aerial tram ‘cable cars’.

Other questions

Ski resort with the most lifts. Perisher by a wide margin, although their total of 47 lifts includes 7 carpets and 2 rope tows.

Ski resort with the greatest variety of lift manufacturers. Falls Creek by a country mile. At least 11 lift makers have had their lifts installed there.

Ski run with the most lifts built on it. Bourke Street / Baldy run at Mt Buller has had at least 18 ski lifts built to serve it between 1949 and 2019.

Lifts with curved routes or lifts that go around corners.
Most of the longer Poma lifts had bends in their paths, Brockhoff at Hotham and Cresta Poma at Mt Buffalo had two corners. But the only surviving cornered Pomas are International and Lakeside at Falls Creek and Home Run Poma at Selwyn.
The Olympic T-bar at Perisher is the only T-bar in Australia that has ever had a bend and the only Australian chairlift with corners was at Brisbane’s Expo ‘88 where for 6 months, a chairlift ran a 10 minute circuit through the Swiss Pavilion and outside into a park, before returning to the pavilion.

Earliest and latest dates for operating ski lifts
The length of ski seasons obviously varies dramatically depending on snow conditions. In NSW and Victoria the formal ski season has always lasted from Queens / Kings Birthday long weekend (the second weekend in June) to early October. Of course if there was little snow in poor ski seasons, ski lifts operated for much shorter times, especially before the advent of snow making machinery. Due to its proximity to Melbourne, in good seasons Mt Buller has extended the dates its lifts have operated far more than other resorts. The best dates discovered are some lifts at Buller operating on the 2nd of May in 2009 and the lifts finally closing on Cup Day (3 November) after the bumper 1992 ski season.
Of course backcountry tows may have been fired up to exploit out of season snow falls, but if they were, no records have been found yet.

Steepest ski lifts. Figures for length and vertical gain are not recorded for all lifts in this list, so it’s hard to work out which is the steepest overall or which has the steepest section. The ‘conventional wisdom’ is that the Rodway Tow at Mt Mawson is Australia’s steepest operating ski lift, but no one is really sure. A possibility for the steepest to ever operate in this country is the former Northcote Tow in NSW. We will have a look at the length and vertical figures that are available, as well as some contour maps and and compile a list of possibilities.

Ski lift names

Most common lift names. Summit and Village have been the most popular names for ski lifts. (Counting a duplex T-bar or Poma as a single lift.)
- 11 Lifts named Summit have been built at: Ben Lomond (2), Falls Creek (2), Mt Baw Baw (1), Mt Buller (2), Mt Hotham (3), Perisher, Blue Cow (1)
- 10 Lifts named Village have been built at: Ben Lomond (1), Cabramurra, NSW (2), Falls Ck (2), Lake Mtn (1), Mt Buller (1), Mt Hotham (1), Perisher (2)

There are no rules for naming ski lifts, they are named whatever the owner wants to call them. Often the first lift at a resort didn’t have a name, an example is that the original Blue Ribbon at Hotham was mostly known as ‘the ski tow’ until more lifts were built and there was a need to give the lift a name to distinguish it from the others. However there have been a few themes in naming lifts.

  • Resort identities and Winter Olympic gold medalists. Thredbo has Sponar’s, Anton’s and Karel’s. Mt Buller has Kofler’s, Grimus and Lydia’s. Perisher has Kaaten. Falls Creek has Scott, and Hotham has (or had) Keogh’s, Davenport and Brockhoff.

  • Ski runs. Many ski resorts existed before lifts were installed and when a ski lift was built, it was often named after one of the established runs it served.

  • New lifts reusing the name of an older lift they replaced. This is probably the most common naming theme of replacement lifts in the past 50 years. In 2019 two new lifts, Leichhardt at Perisher and Canyon at Buller were given the same name as the old lifts they replaced.

  • Chairlift sponsorships. Seven or eight chairlifts have been named or renamed after car companies. These names are always temporary and when the sponsorship ends after a few years, the chairlift reverts to a more typical name for a ski lift. Lifts affected by this cash grab by lift companies are: At Hotham, the Audi Quattro. At Buller, Holden, Mercedes Benz, (Land Rover) Discovery. At Falls Creek, Billia Volvo, at Perisher (Land Rover) Freelander, (Subaru) Forester and (Jensen) Interceptor… or perhaps not, as Jensen stopped making the Interceptor car long before the Interceptor chairlift was built.

    Mt Buller also had an airline sponsorship with the Emirates chairlift. However New Chum chairlift at Selwyn was not named after a reformulated brand of dog food, but rather after New Chum Hill, a location in the Kiandra goldrush.

  • Nationalism. Just before Perisher was sold to Vail Resorts, they named a new chairlift with the rather jingoistic American sounding name ‘Freedom’, to welcome their impending American overlords. A few years earlier Mt Buller went in the other direction and called a new chairlift the rather Okker sounding ‘Bonza’.

  • Foreign ski locations. Before Australia had developed a strong skiing tradition of its own, some lift operators sought to utilise the glamour of overseas ski resorts. So there were ski lifts called Cresta at Mt Buffalo, Sun Valley at Falls Creek with Mt Buller also using Sun Valley as well as Chamois and Tyrol. This was a uniquely Victorian trend and no lifts in NSW or Tasmania were named after exotic ski locales.

However Perisher did things differently to other ski resorts for its first few decades and had its own naming traditions.

  • Numbers. After the lifts in Perisher’s Front Valley came under one company, they were simply numbered from 1 to 7. When a new lift was built between the already existing lifts 5 and 6, it was called 5A. Obviously this only worked at a small resort, so as Perisher expanded many of its lifts were named or renamed after…

  • Explorers. The late 1960s saw a growing awareness and pride in this country’s history, so when the unified Perisher and Smiggin Holes resorts decided on a new theme for their lift names, they were renamed after explorers. Strangely, rather than explorers of the high country like McMillian, Strzelecki, Von Mueller, etc., many of the lifts were named after explorers who died in the desert such as Leichhardt, Bourke, Wills, etc. This theme was abandoned for new lifts after 1976, but the existing lifts were not renamed and when Leichhardt T-bar was replaced in 2019, the new chairlift kept its predecessors explorer name.

Merritts chairlift at Thredbo (1968 - 2019). Photo: Thredbo resort

2. Types of ski lifts

Only the five big resorts (Buller, Falls, Hotham, Perisher and Thredbo) have quad chairs, the smaller resorts have a combination of surface lifts, double chairs and triple chairs. Except for Hotham, major Victorian resorts tend to replace their lifts far more often than their NSW counterparts.

Lift makers have several ways of describing aerial lifts, none of which are easy for a layperson to understand. In this listing, characteristics of aerial lifts are shown by: the capacity of each carrier, then Chair or Gondola and then Fixed or Detachable grip, so 6-Chair-D indicates a 6 person chairlift with Detachable grips.

2.1 Aerial lifts

Chairlifts in Australia have been built to seat 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 and 8 people per chair. Most chairlifts are fixed grip, with chairs directly attached to the lift cable, most cables move at about 2.3 metres per second. Detachable chairlifts remove the chairs from the cable near the top and bottom stations and move them slowly through the terminals, allowing passengers to get on and off a slow moving chair (around 1 metre per second). This means the main cable can move much faster, around 5 metres per second (18 km/h). However detachables are much more expensive to build and maintain, so more economical, but slower, fixed grip chairs are still being at built at major resorts around the world for lifts under about 1 km long.

Chairlift capacity is determined by the number of people per chair and the interval between chairs. The highest capacity for a quad chairlift is 3000 per hour, which would mean a fairly quick 4.8 second interval between chairs. However most quads have a nominal capacity of around 2400. The real number moved is usually lower due to stoppages, not all chairs carrying the maximum number of people and the lift not running at full speed. A few older lifts also have 'generously' spaced towers, meaning that chairs need to be spaced further apart to reduce the weight on the cable and sheaves.

Australia's first (and only) single chairlift was built at Falls Creek by Bob Hymans in 1957. The first double chair was Thredbo's Crackenback in 1958. Triple chairs appeared in 1976 when the Back Perisher Triple was built. 1984 saw the advent of the quad chair with Big D at Hotham and Blue Bullets 1 and 2 at Buller. Australia's only eight seat chairlift is Perisher's Village built in 2003 and the first 'six pack' in the country was Abom Express which opened at Buller in 2008. Buller's Blue Bullets were also notable for being the first detachable chairlifts in Australia and the third and fourth in the world

Australia's longest chairlifts were the two that briefly connected Thredbo Valley to Charlotte Pass in 1964 and 1965 at 4,757 and 3,323 metres. The longest existing chairlift is the Kosciusko Express (formerly named Crackenback) at Thredbo which at 1860 m is slightly longer than the Northside quad (previously named Horse Hill) at Mt Buller. The shortest ski chairlift was the 160 metre long Valley chairlift at Mt Buffalo which last ran in 2006. The shortest operating ski chairlift is probably New Chum at Selwyn.

Horse Hill / Northside chondola at Mt Buller. Photo: Doppelmayr

Chondolas are essentially detachable chairlifts which can also have gondola cabins attached to the cable. They are marketed as 'combination lifts' or ‘telemix’ by some lift manufacturers, although the term chondola has become almost universal in the English speaking ski world. The two installed in Australia are Northside (formerly named Horse Hill) at Mt Buller and Thredbo's Kosciusko Express (formerly Crackenback). Both operate as chairlifts most of the time and Buller appears to only use its gondolas occasionally, but Thredbo regularly uses theirs to transport passengers at night to the restaurant at the top of Kosci Express. It’s worth noting that the Doppelmayr website claims Horse Hill was the first chondola in the world.

Gondolas. A gondola is an aerial ropeway with enclosed cabins where passengers walk in and sit facing each other. There are usually racks on the outside of each cabin for skis and snowboards. In addition to a ski gondola under construction at Thredbo, tourist gondolas away from the mountains are popular tourist attractions. The longest gondolas in Australia are Skyrail between Cairns and Kuranda in Queensland. Skyrail is two different lifts (passengers change over at a mid station), they have a combined length of 7,500 metres.

In 2009, the Falls Creek resort plan proposed replacing the Gully triple chair with a gondola. Similarly the 2010 Buller master plan included a proposal for a gondola connecting the overnight car parks with the town centre. A less likely plan is the 2009 local tourist authority proposal for a gondola on Mt Buffalo, a little to the south of the (then) toll road. However they didn't mention any financial backers for their dream.

Arthurs Seat Eagle gondola on the Mornington Peninsula, Victoria.

Finally in 2016 the Tasmanian Parks and Wildlife Service and the Tourism Industry Council proposed a 9 km gondola at Cradle Mountain to replace over loaded mini bus shuttles along the narrow road from the Visitors Centre to Lake Dove at the base of Cradle Mountain. The southern gondola terminus would be an underground building on the site of the present carpark. However as a Mercury report explains, this ambitious plan is unfunded, although the accompanying video makes the whole project look very appealing and much less intrusive on the landscape than the current situation.

The most recent Australian gondola outside ski areas is the Arthurs Seat Eagle on the Mornington Peninsula south of Melbourne which opened in 2016

Scenic Skyway aerial tram in NSW. Photo: Scenic World

Aerial Trams or Cable Cars. These lifts usually have two large cabins permanently attached to the cable and shuttle between the termini. When a cabin arrives at the terminus, the direction the cable travels in is reversed, so the cabins never go around the bullwheels. While they are popular at overseas resorts, none have been built at Australian ski fields. However two trams, Scenic Skyway and Scenic Cableway operate at Katoomba in the Blue Mountains west of Sydney.  In addition to the proposal for Mt Wellington in Hobart, in 2014 a group in Sheffield in northern Tasmania has floated a proposal for an aerial tram up nearby Mt Roland.

1970's sign preserved at Kellys Cafe, Mt Baw Baw. Self loading T-bars were not a success and today all skiers and boarders are assisted by a liftie.

1970's sign preserved at Kellys Cafe, Mt Baw Baw. Self loading T-bars were not a success and today all skiers and boarders are assisted by a liftie.

2.2 Surface lifts with an elevated cable

All resorts started out with surface lifts (also called drag tows). They are much cheaper to build and maintain than chairlifts and are not as vulnerable to high winds. However they are not as 'beginner friendly', and they usually have a much lower capacity. They also need a consistent uphill slope. Sadly, surface lifts have been phased out by most major resorts except for areas high above the treeline that are exposed to strong winds. However at Perisher and the smaller resorts, they continue to play an important role.

T-bars. T-bars consist of several parts. The first is a stick with a bar across the bottom which looks like an inverted T shape. Skiers and boarders lean on this bar, holding on to the central stick. This T-bar is connected to a retractable cord running from a spring box which is permanently attached to the elevated moving lift cable. Because they are fixed grip, T-bars tend to run at fairly modest speeds. The first T-bars in Australia were the 1957 Township Hill T-bar at Kiandra in NSW and the short lived Gam Tow at Thredbo. The longest was probably the Tyrol T-bar at Mt Buller which was 1,610 metres long before it was shortened.

J-bars are essentially single T-bars. A few were built in the early days of ski lifts, but none have been built in Australia for half a century because they cost the same to build and run as T-bars, but only transport half as many people. However after snowboarders experienced difficulties riding the platters and Pomas at Ben Lomond, some J-bars were added to lifts at that resort for the 2009 season. The first J-bar in the country was installed at Charlotte Pass in 1938. It was only the second ski lift in Australia.

Platters (or button tows). Platter lifts look a bit like Poma lifts because skiers are hauled uphill by a button between their legs, but they are fixed grip and the platter has a retractable cord connected to a spring box, so they operate like single person T-bars. Confusingly, many platters were described as Pomas, presumably because they both use a button between a skiers legs to move them uphill, even though they are a different type of lift in every other respect.

When too many Pomas are not enough! Orange Lifts at Mt Buller had an especial love of Pomas. Summit Access / Howqua Poma (fastest ski lift in Aust) on the left, cornered duplex Baldy Pomas at right. The Pomas were flanked by parallel Blue lifts, a chairlift and a T-bar.

Poma lifts. Pomas are the only detachable grip surface lift still used at major resorts. Sticks are stored in a rack at the bottom of the lift. Passengers move to the front of the lift queue, grab a spring loaded stick and put the button between their legs. At the same time, the grip at the top end of the stick attaches to a moving overhead cable. This can either by manually activated by a liftie or automatically by skiers tripping a switch as they move past. Pomas are the only surface lift found at resorts where self loading works in practice (although this is standard procedure for nutcracker tows at club fields). There have been experiments with self loading T-bars and platters, but skiers and boarders don't seem to be able to cope with them.

Because they are detachable, Pomas are by far the fastest drag lift, the diesel powered International Poma at Falls Creek had a speed of 4.2 metres per second until a new and slower electric motor was installed. The speed record for any Australian ski lift belongs to the former double ended Howqua - Summit Access Poma at Buller which operated at 6.5 m/s for a few years until the inevitable carnage led to a reduced speed of 4 m/s when open to the public, although it was still cranked up to 6.5 m/s for staff access.

Pomas are the only type of ski lift that can easily accommodate bends in their path (T-bars and chairlifts can have bends, but they are awkward and expensive to build). Half the Pomas built in Australia had bends, Brockhoff at Hotham and Cresta at Buffalo had two. Pomas were very popular in Victoria and at one stage there were four of them running parallel to each other at Buller. However they were never as popular in NSW. Most Poma lifts were, not surprisingly, built by the company of the same name although some, such as Headwaters and Lakeside at Falls Creek, were built by other companies, Schippers and Montaz Mautino respectively, presumably under some sort of licensing arrangement.

An early form of Poma lift first ran in 1960 at Smiggin Holes and at Sponar's Inn. More modern Pomas made their appearance in 1964 at Buller, Hotham, Charlotte Pass and Falls Creek. The longest Poma to run in Australia is the 1,219 metre International at Falls Creek, which is one of only six Pomas still operating in this country.

A nutcracker and belt used on tows at ‘club fields’ in Australia and New Zealand.

A nutcracker and belt used on tows at ‘club fields’ in Australia and New Zealand.

2.3 Surface lifts with a lower cable

A cartoon describing nutcracker use didn't succeed in making it any easier to understand.

A cartoon describing nutcracker use didn't succeed in making it any easier to understand.

Put simply, a rope tow has an unsupported rope which the skier grasps in their hands to be hauled a short distance up a gentle slope. A handle tow is similar, but has plastic handles attached to the rope making it easier for a skier to get a secure hold. A typical nutcracker tow is far more complex. Along its track it has towers or poles with pulleys to support the rope a metre above the snow, a tensioning system to keep the rope tight, specifically designed and fabricated parts like pulleys and bull wheels and a proper, weatherproof engine shed. Because they are often steep and it is awkward to grip the rope in a gloved hand as it passes over pulleys, a rope gripper (or nutcracker) is almost essential when using a nutcracker tow.

Nutcracker tows. Some skiers who don't venture beyond the main resorts are unfamiliar with nutcracker tows. But almost every ski resort in Australia and New Zealand began with them. While they have been replaced at the resorts, nutcrackers can still be found at 'club fields'.

A nutcracker (or rope gripper) is a device attached to a belt worn by a skier that clamps onto a moving rope at waist level, allowing the skier to be towed uphill. The height of the rope and the pulleys that support it are adjusted according to snow levels. While it may not be necessary to use a nutcracker on short, gently graded tows, it is difficult for skiers to hold onto a rope with their hands on steeper tow lines or where the rope passes over a pulley. 

Despite many attempts to simply explain the process, it’s very hard to describe the procedure of attaching a nutcracker to the tow rope, without seeing it done in person. But most skiers get it after two or three tries and after half a dozen rides it becomes subconscious and they soon find loading and riding a nutcracker tow easier than loading and riding a T-bar. Riding nutcrackers explainedPowderhound article on nutcrackers.

Attaching a nutcracker to the tow rope can be awkward if the rope is higher than usual. The author at the University Tow, Mt Mawson, Tasmania in August 2016.

Attaching a nutcracker to the tow rope can be awkward if the rope is higher than usual. The author at the University Tow, Mt Mawson, Tasmania in August 2016.

Most Australian nutcracker tows were derived from those designed by Bill (later Sir William) Hamilton in New Zealand. Hamilton installed his first ski tow at Coronet Peak in 1947 and within a few years had perfected the Hamilton Model B design that has been used ever since. Because it was easily copied and readily available material could be substituted for Hamilton parts, (such as modified wheel rims for rope pulleys), many nutcracker lifts were home made and built by the groups that ran them. As they don't have large, heavy towers, nutcracker tows can be moved fairly easily and some Australian tows have operated at four locations.

The first nutcracker tow in Australia was on Bourke Street, Mt Buller when an earlier rope tow was upgraded to a nutcracker tow for the 1950 season. The longest nutcracker was probably the Crackenback Tow at Thredbo (as it was in 1957). One of the newer nutcracker lifts in this part of the world also claims to be the longest and steepest. The Heritage Express Tow at the small Roundhill resort in New Zealand first ran in 2010. It is 1473 metres long with a 626 metre rise.

Handle tows are short, portable ski lifts with plastic handles permanently attached to a waist high cable. To move uphill, a skier just grabs one of the handles and holds on. They are also known as Pony Lifts at some overseas locations.

Rope tows. This term is sometimes used to include nutcrackers and handle tows, but a true rope tow is one where the rope is not supported by sheaves and the skier or boarder simply grasps the rope in their hands. As they are rarely tensioned, the rope often drags through the snow. (See one at 8:36 in this 1950 video of Mt Buffalo.) Parts for early rope tows were often adapted from second hand material such as using truck or tractor wheel rims as very basic bullwheels. They are only practical for short and gently graded slopes as it is difficult to hold onto a rope on steep slopes and an unsupported cable dragging on the snow places heavy demands on the motor. A modern example is one of the Canyon tows at Buller which assists skiers over a minor bump on a mostly downhill access trail. In this directory many of the old lifts described as rope tows were probably nutcrackers as the distinction between the two types of lifts was a grey area. The first ski lift in Australia was a rope tow made out of recycled railway tracks that was built at Mt Buffalo in 1937.

Carpets. (Also known as Conveyors or Magic Carpets.) A carpet lift is simply a conveyor belt at ground level. They move quite slowly (around 1.2 metres a second) and are used exclusively for gentle beginners slopes as they do not require any technique to ride other than the ability to stand up. Australia's first carpet lift was installed at Mt Thebarton in Adelaide in 1987 to service the world's first indoor ski slope.

Carousels. Look a bit like oversized rotary clothes lines that pull small children around in a circle. At times, Mt Buller, Perisher, Hotham and Charlotte Pass have listed them as lifts, but that is probably stretching the definition of a ski lift a bit far.

Funicular Railways. A railway or tramway with parallel tracks on a steep slope with two cars connected by a cable. The descending car counterbalances the ascending car, while an engine house at the top provides any necessary power or braking. While many funiculars have been built in Australia for timber harvesting and hydro electric purposes, only a few have taken passengers, none of them at ski areas. The most recent serious proposal to build a passenger funicular was in 2005 for the Maydena Hauler in southern Tasmania.

3. Ski lift manufacturers

This section was completely rewritten in May 2019. Please send any feedback or additional information to australianmountains (at)

In recent decades ski lift and aerial ropeway manufacture across the world has been dominated by two companies; Doppelmayr-Garaventa and Leitner-Poma. While Bartholet competes with them in Europe, in new world countries such as North America, Australia and New Zealand the duopoly largely have the market for chairlifts and gondolas to themselves. A few smaller companies such as SunKid manufacture carpets and to a small extent compete with the big two in the market for light surface tows.

In earlier times there were many more lift makers, but by 2003 all had either gone out of business or been taken over except for BMF Bartholet. The advent of detachable chairlifts seems to have been a determining factor, most mid sized companies appear to have lacked the capital and the economies of scale to develop, build and maintain the more complex technology involved.

In Australia the Swiss manufacturer Mueller built early chairlifts at Thredbo and Perisher (the 1961 Mt Perisher Double is one of the oldest surviving Muellers in the world) while the American company Riblet also built chairlifts in NSW. However foreign products were not always successful in Australian conditions. The Mueller Crackenback chair at Thredbo derailed several times and had to be partially rebuilt using material supplied by Riblet. One case that pointed to the future was when Blue Lifts at Mt Buller installed the world's first Doppelmayr double chair, rime build up in Mt Buller's damp and foggy conditions became a major problem. In contrast to Mueller (which appears to have left Thredbo to sort out its own problems), when Doppelmayr received photos and a description of the severity of the problem, they sent engineers to Buller to study and rectify it. Perhaps that is a pointer to the reasons why Doppelmayr survived and prospered while most of its competitors went out of business. In any case, Buller has retained a strong brand loyalty for Dopp products ever since.

Local manufacturers were initially on the scene too. Many rope tows and a few nutcrackers were home made in small workshops (although the most reliable nutcrackers were Hamilton branded ones imported from New Zealand). Some local products like Gam T-bars were not a success, but others like Vladimir Hayek's Australasian Ropeways built a number of chairlifts that were in use for many decades. The most successful local lift maker was Ron McCallum who built reliable and long lived T-bars and chairlifts at several ski resorts as well as tourist chairlifts at locations away from the mountains.

3.1 Ski lift manufacturers: Australia and New Zealand

From 1937 most early Australian ski lifts were built as one off projects by the groups that operated them. In the early days several rope tows and nutcracker tows were built by the groups or clubs that owned them, utilising whatever materials and trade skills that were available from their members.

However at least four local companies got into the business of building ski lifts, although by the mid 1970s all had ceased production. This was probably due to the economies of scale of European and American companies, which the local makers could not compete with. For local companies each project was custom designed and built, as it was impossible for them to generate enough business to implement the sort of mass production that foreign makers had. In 2019 an Australian designed and built chairlift was installed as a personal project on private land near Albury, making it the first substantially Australian made chairlift in over 40 years.

McCallum Engineering

Ron McCallum built 16 lifts throughout Australia from 1954 to 1970 from a base at Moorabbin in suburban Melbourne. He also assisted John Gam and others to erect lifts in the 1950s. This is a list of the lifts where McCallum built the entire lift including most of the components and does not include lifts he helped site or others where he supervised their erection. The ropeways built by McCallum Engineering were:

Location Lift name Lift type Dates operated Notes
 Falls Creek Hyman's skyline Portable Rope Tow 1954 - ?
 Mt Buller Baldy Portable Rope Tow 1957 - 61
 Falls Creek Summit T-bar 1961 - 91
 Falls Creek Village T-bar 1961 - 99
 Portsea Back Beach Double Chair, fixed grip 1962 - 67?
 Thredbo Middle T-bar 1962 - present. Moved to Merritts Spur, renamed Ski School
 Thredbo Basin T-bar 1963 - present
 Mt Buffalo Double Chairlift Double Chair, fixed grip 1964 - ?
 Falls Creek Gully Double Chair, fixed grip 1964 - 81
 Mt Buffalo T-bar T-bar 1965 - 84
 Mt Buffalo Beginners Poma Platter 1966 - ?
 Falls Creek Sun Valley T-bar 1967 - 88
 Mt Buller Boggy Creek T-bar 1967 - present
 Falls Creek Link Lift T-bar 1969 - 2000
 Frankston / Caribbean Gardens Double Chair, fixed grip 1969 - present. Moved to Scoresby c. 1971 when Whistle Stop park closed
 Perth Royal Show Chair Lift Double Chair, fixed grip 1970 - present

Thanks to Ron McCallum and his son Andrew for the list.

There was at least one other possible McCallum lift. I was sent a table of older lifts in the broader Perisher area including details of their length, manufacturer, etc. and it listed the original Blue Cow T-bar at Guthega as a McCallum.

Perisher: Guthega Blue Cow T-bar 1976 - 1980 Allegedly formerly at Mt Buller, but as no known McCallum T-bars
      were retired before 1976, the lift may not have been a McCallum?

Makers plate on the Cataract Gorge chairlift at Launceston. Photo Pascal Hess, 2019.

Australasian Ropeways

Another local outfit that built a few chairlifts. It was run by Dr Vladimir Hayek, a Czech migrant who may have designed Australia's first chairlift at Falls Creek in 1957, but details are sketchy. Lifts definitely built by Hayek include Arthur's Seat (Mark 1), Hobart Showgrounds, Brisbane Showgrounds and Launceston’s Cataract Gorge. Any further information would be very useful.

Gam / Ski Tows Pty Ltd.

Run by John Gam and Geoff Hughes, who was one of the founders of Thredbo. They built the Gam portable T-bars that ran at Thredbo and Lake Albina in the late 1950s and also built the improved T-bars at Kiandra in 1958 and Perisher in 1959 and 1960. Gam's death in late 1959 put an end to lift design, although the company continued to operate for a few years as an agency for Mueller. (Not to be confused with Ski Tows Ltd, the original lift company at Mt Hotham.)


Most Australian nutcracker tows were derived from the the designs of Bill (later Sir William) Hamilton in New Zealand. Hamilton installed his first lift at at Coronet Peak in 1947 and within a few years had perfected the Hamilton Model B design that has been used ever since. Most of the early nutcracker lifts installed in Australia were Hamilton products. Hamilton appears to have been the only commercial maker of nutcracker tows installed in Australia and New Zealand, although the Model B design was later widely copied by individuals and clubs.

A surviving Leitner bull wheel at the abandoned Big Dipper duplex T-bar, Falls Creek. Photo Nick Manson, 2018.

A surviving Leitner bull wheel at the abandoned Big Dipper duplex T-bar, Falls Creek. Photo Nick Manson, 2018.

3.2 Ski lift manufacturers: foreign

In recent decades the market for ski lifts outside Europe has been dominated by the conglomerates of Leitner-Poma and Doppelmayr-Garaventa. But like duopolies in other industries, there are aspirants looking to take a share from the two main players as well as smaller companies content to focus on less glamorous installations such as carpets and light surface tows.

In the past there was a much greater diversity of overseas ski lift and aerial ropeway manufacturers. Companies with installations in Australia are listed as well as brief descriptions of a few other lift manufacturers that made important contributions to the development of ski lifts.

3.2.1 Doppelmayr-Garaventa


Like its main rival, Doppelmayr-Garaventa is a conglomeration of many companies. Doppelmayr began in 1893 as an Austrian metal working and tool making business and built its first ski lift, a J-bar at Zürs am Arlberg in 1937. Garaventa built it’s first ropeway in 1928 to transport timber harvested in the Rigi mountains of central Switzerland and by the 1960s both companies had progressed to manufacturing and installing larger passenger carrying aerial lifts.

The two companies merged in 2002, but before then Doppelmayr had taken over the Swiss ropeway builder Von Roll in 1996. Von Roll had previously bought out Hall, an American chairlift maker in 1982. Garaventa had merged its North American operations with the local lift maker CTEC in 1992 and traded as Garaventa CTEC. The merged Doppelmayr-Garaventa incorporated over a dozen other companies from Europe and North America which gave it expertise in a broad range of operating environments and engineering approaches.

In Australia, Garaventa only built a few lifts such as the Towers quad chair at Falls Creek in 1999. But Doppelmayr was far more involved. Their T-bar spring boxes were highly valued in the early 1960s as their design dealt with rime and icing up better than those built by other local or foreign manufacturers. With this reputation for reliability and quality in Australia, Doppelmayr built what appears to have been their first ever double chairlift at Mt Buller which opened for the 1964 season. The story goes that the family patriarch was suspicious of chairlifts and regarded them as a passing fad, so their first double chair was quietly designed and built on the other side of the world so it wouldn’t be as obvious to Doppelmayr customers if it wasn’t a success. When there were problems with hard rime ice, the company sent out engineers so they could understand the problem and fix it. That sort of attention to customer service distinguished it from its competitors of the time.

Whether the story of why their first double chairlift was built as far as possible from Austria is entirely true or not, the Buller chairlift was the first of thousands from what became the worlds biggest chairlift builder. Doppelmayr is responsible for more Australian ski lifts than other company.
Link to Doppelmayr’s website.

The Australian ski resort of Mt Buller occupies an important place in the history of Doppelmayr. It appears they built their first double chair there in 1964, their website identifies the Horse Hill (now Northside) Chondola as the first combined chairlift and gondola in the world and the Blue Bullet detachable chairlifts were the company’s second and third detachable quads and the third and fourth detachable quads from any maker in the world

The 2018 Eagle detachable quad at Falls Ck. Photo ‘Ziggy’

3.2.2 Leitner-Poma

Leitner-Poma logo.png

Leitner-Poma is one of the two companies that dominate the modern ski lift and aerial ropeway market. In 2000 Leitner’s owners took over the Poma group, but before then both companies had absorbed several other ski lift makers. Leitner and Poma continue to operate as different companies in Europe (albeit sharing some parts and technology), but since 2002 they have run a combined operation outside Europe. Most recently built Australian lifts have been sourced from North America.

In Australia Poma is much better known than Leitner as it has been building lifts here for over 60 years. The company began when Jean Pomagalski started building and designing ski lifts in 1935. He established Pomagalski as a French based company in 1947 and began to market the Poma lift, a platter with a spring loaded pole and a detachable grip attached to an elevated tow rope. The most successful refinement of the design appeared in the early 1960s. Poma lifts were especially popular in Victoria, partly because they are the only ski lift that can easily accommodate curves in their route, which was an important factor in the time of mostly surface lifts which need to maintain a consistent uphill slope. At one stage Orange Lifts at Mt Buller had three Poma lifts running in parallel on upper Bourke Street. From 1958 the company diversified and also began building chairlifts, gondolas and aerial tramways. There is an excellent French language history of Poma, although if you need to use an auto translate application, there are a few amusing mistranslations.

Leitner logo_01.png

Leitner is located in the Italian Tyrol and built its first chairlift in 1947. Today it manufactures aerial trams, chairlifts platters and T-bars. Leitner ski lifts were fairly uncommon in Australia, although the Big Dipper duplex T-bar installed at Falls Creek in the early 1980s was a Leitner.

Links to Leitner-Poma’s North American (and Oceania) website for Australia. Poma’s website (Europe) and Leitner’s website.

3.2.3 Other modern lift makers with details of their Australian lifts



BMF Bartholet is a Swiss maker of fixed grip and detachable chairlifts, gondolas and aerial trams as well as amusement rides. It is probably the biggest competitor with the two giants of the industry. While it has a healthy market share in Europe, so far it has yet to crack other ski lift markets except for a few chairlifts and gondolas in China, Argentina and Chile. Link to website.


GMM or Gimar Montaz Mautino is a French maker of chairlifts and surface lifts. While the former Gimar didn’t build anything in this part of the world, before they merged, Montaz Mautino was a successful lift maker and sold many lifts in Europe. In 1976 the company built the Lakeside Poma lift at Falls Creek. French language website.

Harusch logo.png

Harusch is a small Canadian maker of light surface lifts. In the 1960s many of their handle tows and rope tows were installed in mainland ski resorts, especially Thredbo. Their old style website announces recent developments, so they appear to still be in business.


Sunkid is an Austrian company established in 1974 that initially built amusement rides. In the late 1990s they diversified into light ski lifts and they later incorporated Bruckschlögl, a company that had built a few rope tows at Perisher. Sunkid lifts are often overlooked beside larger constructions in ski resorts and their products are not always noticed, but they have had some success in Australia with their carpet lifts. The most recent Sunkid product in this country is a hybrid platter / handle tow at Mt Buller that first ran in 2019. Website.


Team Service is an Italian company that makes carpet lifts, carpet lift tunnels and belt conveyors for loading chairlifts. Their products have been installed at several Australian ski locations including five carpets in 2018 at Mt Baw Baw, Corin Forest and Lake Mountain. Website.

3.2.4 Significant foreign lift makers no longer operating (with details of their Australian lifts where applicable)


Hall Ski Lift was a successful American maker of T-bars and chairlifts from 1955 to 1982 when they were bought by Von Roll and operations of the two companies were merged. While a few of their lifts were installed outside North America, none ever made it to Australia.

Surviving Mueller makers plate on the Mt Perisher double. Pic ‘onlybackscratchers’

Surviving Mueller makers plate on the Mt Perisher double. Pic ‘onlybackscratchers’

GMD Mueller (GMD Müller in German) was a Swiss company founded in 1947 that began by building rope tows, then contributed to the development of T-bars and became a major chairlift manufacturer. They went out of business in 1992.

The company was most successful in Europe and North America but it did build a few chairlifts at New South Wales resorts and another chairlift at an amusement park in Perth. The company’s reputation was damaged in Australia when their 1958 Crackenback chairlift at Thredbo suffered multiple failings including derailments and had to be substantially rebuilt. However their 1961 Mt Perisher double is the oldest chairlift still operating in Australia.



Riblet began building chairlifts in the USA in 1938 and closed down in 2003. They were highly successful, but only built fixed grip chairlifts. The company had a good start in Australia, Ramshead and Merrits double chairs at Thredbo were Riblets and the trouble plagued Mueller built Crackenback double chairlift was partly rebuilt using Riblet parts. But apart from those three, there was no subsequent Riblet activity anywhere in Australia. The company’s website has been preserved as it was in 2003.


Schippers was a French company that produced surface ski lifts and tubing lifts from c.1962 to 2004. Schippers lifts that have operated in Australia include the Headwaters Poma lift, Playground and Tom Thumb platters at Falls Creek and a platter at Corin Forest.



Von Roll was a Swiss based company that had great success with its gondolas, aerial trams, monorails and amusement rides, especially in North America. The company went through a number of financial crises before its cableway division was bought by Doppelmayr in 1996. Von Roll branded products ceasing to be sold in 1999 although the original factory continues to be used by the new owners. Von Roll probably built the chairlift that followed a rectangular route at Brisbane’s Expo ‘88, but it appears that they never built a lift at an Australian ski resort.


Yan Lift (or Lift Engineering) built chairlifts in America from 1965 to 1996. They were one of the few manufacturers that were able to make the transition from fixed grip chairlifts to high speed detachables. However that didn’t save them as a number of accidents led to decreased demand for their products and the company went bankrupt in 1995. None of their lifts operated in Australia.

Question mark.png

Yac was a French lift maker that built four platters at the northern Tasmanian resort of Ben Lomond in 1973… and that’s all we know. There are no references to Yac in international books and magazines I’ve searched and the only other mention of it on the internet is that there was another Yac lift at Baulmes, a small club field on the Swiss-French border. At one stage this company was the manufacturer of a significant number of lifts at one of our ski resorts, so if you have even fragmentary information about them, please send it to australianmountains (at)

The best listing of former ski lift makers is Remontees-mecaniques, but you will need to use your browsers auto-translate feature. However even this very long list is not complete as it omits many companies including Harusch, Yac and all the former Australian and New Zealand lift manufacturers.

Prices for Blue Lifts at Mt Buller in 1970. Orange Lifts were slightly more expensive.

Prices for Blue Lifts at Mt Buller in 1970. Orange Lifts were slightly more expensive.

3A. Lift tickets

Draft. This section is under development, it should be completed in a month or two. Email any thoughts to australianmountains (at)

[Article will include scans of vintage ski tickets, tokens and coupons]

Initially people paid for a roll of lift tickets and gave one to an attendant each time they rode a lift. As the lift companies consolidated down to one or two per resort, the fee was often one coupon for a short beginners lift and two coupons for major lifts. Some resorts experimented with token operated turnstiles.

This unwieldy system rapidly evolved into ‘day tickets’ valid for all lifts at a resort.

In the 1970s individual lift tickets (or often tokens) were still available, but the vast majority of skiers bought day tickets. Beyond that only season tickets were available, although half day tickets had begun to be introduced.

In the 1980s five day and week tickets became available, but the tickets were still printed and displayed on a skiers jacket which limited the variety of tickets which could be issued as a liftie still had to glance at tickets as skiers shuffled past.

The new century saw the introduction of electronic tickets that could be read by a scanner. This vastly increased ticketing options and led to things like advance purchase discounts.

4. Australian Capital Territory

Location Type Owner Operated Name Notes
Mt Franklin Nutcracker Canberra Alpine Club 1957 - late 60's Brumby Tow Operated on Little Ginini, Slalom Run, Nursery Run
Mt Franklin Hook Tow Canberra Alpine Club 1965 only Austin A40 Tow Operated on Slalom Run
Little Ginini . ? John Dowling 1959 - 1960 - Probably moved to Mt Selwyn
Mt Ginini . ? RMC Ski Club 1957 - mid 60's - -
Corin Forest Nutcracker Corin Forest pre 1982? - May have originally been a rope tow and then upgraded to a nutcracker?
Corin Forest Platter Corin Forest 1983 - 1995 - Under 120 m long, vertical c,20 m. The lift was a Schippers 'Bambi' button tow
Corin Forest Carpet Corin Forest 2016 - present Valley Carpet 75 metre long Sunkid carpet
Corin Forest Carpet Corin Forest 2018 - present Ski School 25 metre long Team Service carpet

The Corin Forest platter was further uphill than the present carpets. It appears to have only run from 1983 to 86 and again from 1994 to 95, but please send an email if you have more information. Information is sketchy on the Corin nutcracker, there is a Facebook video of it in operation, but no dates.

Corin Forest (ACT). Resort website.

More on ACT ski history. Matthew Higgins. Skis on the Brindabellas. Tabletop Press, 1994. Second edition, 2008.

© David Sisson 2007 - 2019. This list was first published on 23 July 2007 and has been updated regularly since then.

5. Ben Lomond

Lift name Type Manufacturer Operated Length/Vert Location Notes
Unnamed Windlass Home made 1960 - ? - ? Powered by lawn mower engine, one rider at a time. Designed by Tony Godfrey-Smith, built by Harley Smith
Thirty Second [1.] Nutcracker Club members 1963 - 1984 370 / 85 Above current Bass tow NTAC. Originally c.244/76. Extended at base 1964 & 72?, at top 1975
Big Ben [1.] Nutcracker Club members 1967 - 1984 425 / 78 B/w Fannys & Bills NTAC. Used parts from Mt Buller's Bourke St rope tow
Summit [1.] Platter Yac 1973 - 1991 327 / 86 - Alpine Enterprises. 370 m long, 80 m rise
Fannys [1.] Platter Yac 1973 - 1978 - - Alpine Enterprises. 300 m long, 73 m rise
Beginners / Village Platter Yac 1973 - present 260 / 55 - A.E. 300 m long, 35 m rise. Renamed in 1980's
Giblin Platter Yac 1976 - present 245 / 52 - AE. Closed 09, PWS refused maint access to tower by vehicle or heli
Fannys [2.] T-bar Doppelmayr 1979 - present 254 / 68 - Alpine Enterprises
Creek Run Platter Yac 1979 - 2010 325 / 28 - Relocated Fanny's platter. Relocated in 2011 to Big Ben
Bills T-bar Doppelmayr 1985 - present - - Alpine Enterprises
Thirty Second [2.] Poma Pomagalski 1985 - 2002? - Above current Bass tow NTAC. Formerly on Mt Buller Summit
Big Ben [2.] Poma Pomagalski 1985 - 2002? - B/w Fanny's & Bill's NTAC. Formerly on Mt Buller Summit
Summit [2.] T-bar Doppelmayr 1992 - present - - Alpine Enterprises
Bass Poma? - ? - present - - Built on lower section of 30 Sec, used some of its parts
Big E Platter Yac 2011 - present - Big Ben slope Relocated Creek Platter
Planned lifts . -
Creek Inn-base of Bill's 2-Chair-F Doppelmayr c.1990 - Thirty Second TSL. Formerly Mt Buller's Bourke St chair. See note below
Village - Thirty Second T-bar Doppelmayr 2009 - - Relocate & extend Fannys. Base of Village - top of Fannys
Big Ben slope Platter Yac 2009 - - Relocated Village Platter

In common with Mt Buller and Mt Baw Baw, for a time Ben Lomond's ski lifts were run by two companies. The Northern Tasmanian Alpine Club's (NTAC) first tow was built by Eddie Hausegger and Bill Mitchell in 1963. In 1990 the lifts were split off from the club to become Tasmanian Ski Lifts (TSL). The other lift company was Alpine Enterprises (AE), established in 1973 by Eryl Williams, Brian Hill and Arvids Endelmanis.

There is a long tradition of smaller ski resorts in Australia buying second hand lifts from the larger resorts, so it was no surprise when Tasmanian Ski Lifts bought an old chairlift from Mt Buller. However installation of the chairlift that formerly ran on Bourke St, was repeatedly delayed by bureaucracy, eventually TSL simply gave up trying to get around the new barriers that were constantly put in the way of installing the lift and abandoned the project. Early this century the chairlift was still stored on a nearby farm, but apparently the drive terminal was then sold to a horse breeder to be used for training purposes while the rest was sold as scrap metal, a sad end for what was the first Doppelmayr double chairlift in the world. :(

Some years after the chairlift fiasco, Tasmanian Ski Lifts was refused permission to operate their Pomas by the former Ben Lomond Skifield Management Authority and told to remove their lifts. Eventually rival lift company Alpine Enterprises was given salvage rights to them and Thirty Second and Big Ben were removed.

There is a passing reference to a ski tow on Ben Lomond on p.24 of Skiers novice handbook published circa 1958. However this is the only mention I have found of it and several people I have spoken to who worked on the mountain in the early 1960s are confident that it never existed. My conclusion is that the mention in the handbook may be a confused reference to Cuming's tow at Mt Mawson. Any further information would be appreciated. 

Run names.

30 Second named by in November 1931 when a party including Fred Smithies skied on a late spring snowdrift near Legges Tor with the descent of the small drift taking exactly half a minute.

Other than runs with the same names as lifts, the only named runs at Ben Lomond are:

  • Little Slalom to skiers left of Summit lift, loops around to the lift line half way down.

  • Milk Run to skiers left of Fannies to top of Village left.

  • Coal Mine to skiers right from top of Giblin.

Trail map. A 3D map showing the former routes of Thirty Second and Big Ben (as black dotted lines).

More on Ben Lomond history.

David M. Harvey. The Ben Lomond Story. The author, 2000.

Thanks to "Ben Lomond Brad" and "Bulldozer" for help with this list.

© David Sisson 2007 - 2019. This list was first published on 4 August 2007 and has been updated regularly since then.

6. Charlotte Pass

Lift name Type Manufacturer Operated Length/Vert Location Notes
Ski Hoist, aka. The Meat Hook J-bar NSW Railways 1938 - 1952 < 122 / ? Pulpit Rock 2nd ski lift in Aust. Replaced by rope tow
Sponar's Rope tow - 1952? c.46-61 m Wood Run Was to operate in '53, but Sponar ill with T.B.
Pulpit Rock Nutcracker - 1953 - 1962 - - Rope tow 1953, converted to nutcracker in '54
Woodrum Nutcracker - 1958 - 1962 600 / ? Chalet Dam-Lit Stillwell 600 metres long, replaced by double chair
Thredbo Valley-Stillwell Restaurant 2-Chair-F Carlevaro or.. 1964 - 1965 4757 / - - Abandoned due to strong winds & derailing -
Stillwell Restaurant-Charlotte Pass 2-Chair-F ...Mueller??? 1964 - 1965 3323 / - - - Combined length = 5 km. Cost £1,200,000!
Pulpit Poma Pomagalski 1963 - 1966 - - Replaced by a T-bar. Poma moved to Basin
Rope Tow Portable rope - 19?? - 2007 - - Usually operated between Basin & Kangaroo
Guthries Poma Pomagalski 1963 - present 580 / 133 - Occasionally spelt 'Gutheries' on trail maps
Basin Poma - 1968 - present 260 / 43 - Moved from Pulpit
Pulpit T-bar - 1968 - present 310 / 95 - Replaced a Poma. Was a duplex T-bar in 1970's
Kangaroo Ridge / Kosciusko 3-Chair-F Pomagalski 1980 - present 670 / 154 - Name changed 2009?
Kosci Carpet Carpet - 2008 - present - B/w Basin & Kosci trip -
Charlotte's Carousel Carousel - 2012 - present - In front of Chalet Probably doesn't quite qualify as a lift?
Mid station of the ill fated chairlift between Thredbo Valley and Charlotte Pass (1964 - 65)

Mid station of the ill fated chairlift between Thredbo Valley and Charlotte Pass (1964 - 65)

Around 2009 a double chair with markings indicating it came from Mt Baw Baw was moved to Cooma Airport. Rumours said that it may have been destined for Charlotte Pass. In late 2013 the scattered components were still there, quietly rusting.

Information on the 1960's Pulpit lifts is a bit ambiguous. Sponar's tow had previously run at St Christoph, Austria in 1949, it was the first tow at that resort. Woodrum may have been demolished at the end of the 1962 winter rather than after the 1963 season. Current trail map.

Australia's second ski lift, the Charlotte Pass ski hoist or Meathook J-bar (1938-1952)

Australia's second ski lift, the Charlotte Pass ski hoist or Meathook J-bar (1938-1952)

The former Thredbo Valley - Charlotte Pass chairlifts have a page on a wiki here. Parts of them have been reassembled to make a chairlift at Wollongong which still operates. See Section 18 of this page Other passenger ropeways.

More on Charlotte Pass history.

Rick Walkom. Skiing off the roof: the Kosciusko Chalet at Charlotte Pass and its place in the history of the Australian snowfields. Arlberg Press, 1991. Reprinted by Tabletop Press, 2000. Second edition 2008.

Thanks to Bob McLennan for information on lifts in the 1960's.

© David Sisson 2007 - 2019. This list was first published on 16 July 2007 and has been updated regularly since then.

7. Falls Creek

Lift name Type Manufacturer Operated Length/Vert Location Notes
Myrtleford Ski Club tow Rope tow Gordon Muller 1951 - 1960? 90 / 25  ? Initial site uncertain, moved closer to Nissen in 1953
Nissen Nutcracker Hamilton 1951 - 1960 568 / 213 Summit Nissen Alp Club (Toni St Elmo) Capacity 5, so long queue 6/- day in 1951. Had Buick engine. Shortened by 122m in 1952 as rope often buried near cornice by snowfall
Hyman's Skyline Portable rope tow Ron McCallum 1954 - ? - Mostly on upper Grand Couer Bob Hyman, operated top left of summit in '57
Alpine Chair Lift 1-Chair-F Locally made 1957 - 1961? 380 / 120 Near Grand Couer run Bob Hyman. 1st chairlift in Aust. 40 chairs, Speed = 1.5 metres per second. See notes below
Village (left side) Nutcracker Jock Wilson 1958 - 1960  ? / 50 Went to Raceline Fred Griffith, Bill Bridgeford & others
Village (right side) Nutcracker Jock Wilson 1958 - 1960 - Village run Fred Griffith et. al. Double the length of left side
Dog Patch / Collis Nutcracker - 1958 - c.1962 - Sth of Nissen on Summit Marshall Collis and others, moved to Hotham
Nursery Tow [1] Rope tow - 1961 - ? - Below Dogpatch Shown on map below
Nursery Tow[2] Rope tow - 1961 - ? - Site of current Tube lift Shown on map below
Summit T-bar Ron McCallum 1961 - 1991 793 / 204 - Alpine Developments, designed & built by Ron McCallum
Village / Spur T-bar Ron McCallum 1961 - 1999 466 / 122 - Replaced & extended Village nutcracker tows. Length/vertical also cited as 470/114
Gully 2-Chair-F McCallum/Dopp 1964 - 1981 456 / 76 - Mostly McCallum but had Doppelmayr drive & other moving parts
Nursery / Baby Poma Poma 1964 -2001? 153 / 30 Near current Tube lift Definitely still in operation 1998. Length/vertical also cited as 170 /38
Sun Valley T-bar Ron McCallum 1967 - 1988 826 / 168 - Replaced by Scott quad. May have had 210 metre vertical
International Poma Poma 1969 - present 1219/ 277 - See notes below. Length/Vertical also cited as 1149/263
Saddle / Link Lift T-bar Ron McCallum 1969 - 2000 265 / 30 Access b/w Summit & Sun Val Definitely still operating 1998, towers standing 2010
Nursery (Baby) duplicate Poma Poma 1972 - 2000? 170 / 38 - -
Ruined Castle Poma - 1973 - 1994 732 / 140 - Replaced by Ruined Castle quad chair
Mitey Mite Portable handle - 1975 - ? ? /various Various -
Lakeside Poma Montaz Mautino 1976 - present 737 / 140 - Length/vertical also cited as 688/140
Dogpatch Poma - 1979 - 1992? 148 / 27 B/w Nursery & Summit -
Panorama Poma Poma 1979 - 2003? 790 / 135 - Replaced by Drovers Dream quad. Length/vertical also cited as 590/71
Playground [1] Platter Schippers 1980 - 2005 278 / 28 - Replaced by Monkey Bar Platter
Playground [2] Poma Poma 1984 - 2005 300 / 28 - Replaced by Monkey Bar Platter
Eagle 3-Chair-F Poma 1980 - 2017 693 / 190 - Length/vertical also cited as 700/193. Replaced by a Leitner Poma detachable quad chair
Headwater Poma Schippers 1980 - 2000 490 / 56 B/w Summit & Ruined C Definitely still operating in 1998. Length/vertical also cited as 428/55
Towers Duplex T-bar Leitner 1981 - 1998 692 / 138 - Replaced by Towers quad. Length/vertical also cited as 704/134
Gully 3-Chair-F Poma 1982 - present 475 / 76 - Replaced Gully double chair. Length/Vertical also cited as 407/70
Big Dipper Duplex T-bar Leitner 1983 - 1994? 800 / 140 South west of Ruined C Probably not used after Ruined Castle chair opened in 1995. Engine and lower bullwheel still on site
Tom Thumb Platter Schippers 1986 - 2005 124 / 14 Site of Mouse Trap Replaced by Mouse Trap enclosed carpet
Halleys Comet/ Bilia/ FC Express 4-Chair-D Doppelmayr 1986 - present 920 / 207 - Named Bilia Bullet '02?-'04, Falls Express '06 -
Scott 4-Chair-F Doppelmayr 1989 - present 758 / 155 - Replaced Sun Valley T-bar
Summit 4-Chair-F Doppelmayr 1992 - present 587 / 187 - Replaced Summit T-bar
Ruined Castle 4-Chair-F Doppelmayr 1995 - present 650 / 150 - Replaced Poma. Has conveyor to speed loading
Towers 4-Chair-F Garaventa 1999 - present 613 / 137 - Replaced Towers twin T-bar
Boardwalk Carpet lift - 2004 - present - - -
The Tube Carpet lift - 2004 - present - Site of Nursery Poma -
Drover's Dream 4-Chair-F Leitner Poma 2004 - present 710 / ? Replaced Panorama Bought from Leitner-Poma Canada, not Poma Aust
Mouse Trap Enclosed carpet - 2006 - present - Site of Tom Thumb Replaced Tom Thumb poma
Monkey Bar Platter lift Doppelmayr 2006 - present 271 / 33 - Speed 2.2 metres per second, 792 passengers per hour. Replaced Playground Duplex Platters
Eagle 4-Chair-D Leitner Poma 2018 - present c.700 / 190 Village Bowl Replaced original Eagle triple chair
Pete’s Train Carpet . 2018? - present short Cloud 9 Not shown on ski maps, so hard to determine what year it was bulit.
Proposed lifts . - -
Rocky Knolls "Chairlift" - ? 587 / ? Beyond Big Dipper T-bar Approved circa 2004
Damsite "Surface lift" - ? 750 / ? West of Rocky Knolls Approved circa 2004
Mt McKay lifts Chairlift system - "Before 2012" - - Mentioned in E.E.S. for above in 2002
McKay south Unknown - - c.750 / 380 McKay sumit-Pretty Val Ck Shown on a map apparently produced by lift company
Gully Gondola - Proposed 2009 plan - Site of Gully triple Mentioned in section 2 of 2009 plan (no longer online) also in 2014 resort plan
Village Rack railway with small pods - Proposed 2014 plan - Near oversnow 2014 resort plan. Y shaped plan, 6 stations. From Oversnow lines to base of Gully, Windy Corner & cnr of Schuss / Paralell sts
Falls Creek in 1961 showing the location of eight former lifts.

Falls Creek in 1961 showing the location of eight former lifts.

Lift makers. Falls Creek has had by far the greatest diversity of ski lift manufacturers of any Australian resort. Other resorts appear to have developed a brand loyalty to a particular maker (or perhaps it was just complacency?), but Falls seems to have always been on the lookout for the best lift at the best price and several overseas manufacturers had their only Australian lift at the resort. The first major lift at Falls Creek was a Hamilton nutcracker and they gave local maker McCallum Engineering plenty of business in the 1960s. Falls subsequently built lifts from Poma, Doppelmayr, Leitner, Garaventa, Montaz Mautino (now GMM), Schippers, Harusch and Sunkid. It appears they even played the European and North American divisions of Leitner-Poma off against each other to get the best price for the Drovers Dream quad chair.

Lift companies. In the 1950's every lift had a different owner. In late 1960, Bill Bridgeford's Alpine Developments Holdings (ADH) bought Nissen and Village and by the 1961 season had replaced them with T-bars. ADH continued to expand the lift network until 1983 when the lifts were sold to Transfield. Then in 1996 B.C.R. took over and in 2004 the lift company was sold to MFS Living and Leisure, a listed Gold Coast land developer that also owned aquariums and treetop walks as well as the lift company at Hotham.

After MFS L&L went into liquidation in 2008, National Australia Bank sold Living and Leisure to Arctic, Jamie Packer's leisure industry holding company who took control for the 2009 season. As a Packer controlled company also owned Perisher, for a few years three of Australia's five large ski resorts were under one owner and a season ticket bought at one resort was valid at all three. In December 2011 L&L was bought by Merlin Entertainments, a UK based tourist group with attractions worldwide including theme parks and the LegoLand and Madame Tussaud’s chains. Merlin had not previously owned any ski resorts so what they planned to do with Falls Creek Ski Lifts Pty Ltd was unknown. They appear to have expressed interest in buying a New Zealand resort circa 2017, but ultimately decided that ski resorts were outside their core business. So in early 2019 Merlin Entertainments sold Falls and Hotham to Vail Resorts, the largest ski resort operator in North America which had also bought Perisher in NSW in 2015.

Misc lift trivia. The removal of the Big Dipper, Headwaters and Village lifts greatly reduced the amount of easily accessible lifted terrain compared to the 1990s. It appears it was intended to build the proposed Damsite lift from components of Big Dipper that were in storage. The storage shed was burnt in the 2003 wildfires and afterwards the rumor was that if Damsite was ever built, it would be a chairlift.

Bob Hymans' single chair at Falls Creek in the late 1950s

Bob Hymans' single chair at Falls Creek in the late 1950s

Alpine Chair Lift

Bob Hyman's 1957 Alpine Chair Lift was the first chairlift in Australia. Built from poles that might have been intended for use on the nearby Kiewa Hydro Scheme, it lasted until the 1960's when it was condemned by a state government lifts and cranes inspector. As a completely new mode of transport, it attracted a lot of interest. Here is one description of it.

Australian ski-ing history was made at Falls Creek on 21 July 1957, when the first passengers were carried on the first Alpine Chair Lift to operate on our snowfields. Available to all visitors, the lower end of the lift is about 100 yards above the Upper Kiewa Road and it rises 400 vertical feet to the top terminal above the race-line, a length up the slope of 1,280 feet. Forty chairs transport skiers continuously at a speed of five feet per second, the upward trip taking just over four minutes. Each chair has a safety bar above the rider's knees, so the maximum height above the snow of about forty feet is quite safe.

Outstanding impressions of every skier riding the lift is its simplicity, one's perfect relaxation, and the immense increase of downhill ski-ing it provides.

At the lower terminal a skier hands over his ticket to the starting attendant, stands on his skis on a slight snow platform, gives a glance over the left shoulder as a chair gently tucks itself under his bobo - and he is cosily chairborne and bound upwards. Four minutes and 400 vertical feet later he approaches the upper terminal in its huge shelter. As he his skis touch down on another snow platform, he slips out of his chair and obeys the attendant's request to 'move off to the right, please" - and he skis downwards again.

There are no jerks or tensions as the skier settles into his chair and commences his ascent up the hill. The chairs run smoothly in complete silence, broken only by the clicking made by their attachments passing over the pulleys at each pylon. The impression is of floating slowly and quietly in space in complete relaxation, independent of the surface conditions underneath. One may chat with the occupants of adjoining chairs and with others on the slopes below - or just continue to relax.

Bill Beatty. The white roof of Australia. Cassell, 1958. pp 62 - 63.

The lower section of the Inter is below the tree line and more sheltered

International Poma

The International Poma is a 1,219 metre long Poma lift. It was built over the 1968-69 summer and was ready to operate in 1969, but due to a poor snow season, the 'Inter' didn't open to the public until 1970. It is a unique lift (or 'iconic' as the Falls Creek marketing department calls it) and even has its own fan page on Facebook.

It was called the International because it serviced the area where a F.I.S. international race was held in 1960. The race required 1500 feet of vertical descent, so a ski bridge was built over the road and the race ran from the summit right down to Rocky Valley Creek. The bridge was removed in the mid 1960's, but the name for the area remained.

The International Poma could have sticks attached every 6 metres along it's 1,219 metre length and it's original V12 diesel engine powered it at 4.2 metres a second, possibly making it the second fastest drag lift in the southern hemisphere (after Buller's Summit Access / Howqua Poma). Kids riding the International could get serious air time going around the corner at tower 9. This had occasionally caused the cable to derail with consequent short term closures, but on 2 August 2015 a rider swung too far out on the corner, derailing the cable and causing it to snag and break as well as causing other damage. The lift was out of action for 13 days while 300 metres of replacement cable was sourced from Sweden and spliced into the remnants of the old cable by a team from Doppelmayr, the arch rival of the lift's manufacturer Leitner-Poma.

The combination of high speed and loading riders close together gave the Inter a similar capacity to the former Towers and Big Dipper duplex T-bars. Now the new (single speed) electric drive only powers the lift at a modest 2.4 metres per second, so it's much slower and slightly less fun.

But the International remains the longest cornered Poma this side of the equator and even with a much lower speed, it's lifting capacity still matches that of some chairlifts. The other reason why it hasn't been replaced, despite it's extreme age of over 50 years, is because its top half runs along the exposed ridge line of Frying Pan Spur. This route is necessary to service ski runs in The Maze, but a chairlift on this route would frequently be on wind hold.

Murray Views postcard of the Ron McCallum built Summit T-bar (1961 - 1991).

Murray Views postcard of the Ron McCallum built Summit T-bar (1961 - 1991).

McCallum lifts. After a two year stint as manager of what became Orange Lifts at Mt Buller, Ron McCallum was a founder of Alpine Developments, the company that unified the lift network at Falls Creek for the 1961 season. It appears that his first lift was the Skyline portable tow at Falls Creek in 1954. As an engineer, he went on to build about 20 chairlifts and T-bars in the 1960's and early 1970's including at least five at Falls Creek. Many of the earlier lifts were hybrids, mostly of McCallum origin, but incorporating parts from other manufacturers. The Village and Summit T-bars had McCallum towers and hydraulic drives but had a few bits from other manufacturers, including Dopp spring boxes (which caused a lot of trouble). The original Gully Chair had a Doppelmayr drive, but otherwise was McCallum. Initially the Saddle / Link Lift T-bar had T's hanging from Poma sticks until they were replaced with conventional T-bar spring boxes bought second hand from Buller (possibly of Dopp origin?). The Sun Valley T-bar was 100% McCallum and was one of the most reliable lifts to operate at the resort.

More on Falls Creek history:

Julian Newton Brown. Falls Creek: how it came to be. Janby Productions, 2005.

Bob Howe. Melting tracks: history and memories of Albury Ski Club and early Falls Creek. The author, 2004. 

Thanks to Nick Manson for information on Big Dipper.

© David Sisson 2007 - 2019. This list was first published on 9 July 2007 and has been updated regularly since then.

8. Mt Baw Baw

Lift name Type Operated Length/Vert Location Notes
Hut Rope tow 1955 - 1976 - - Baw Baw Ski Club. Cost £200. Replaced by a platter.
Painted Run Rope tow 1960 - >1982 245 / 50 - Baw Baw Ski Tow Club. Later duplicated. East of T-bar that replaced it
Access [1] 2-Chair-F 1970 - 1988? 960 / 320 - Gippsland Chairlift Co. Access from carpark, also for skiing. Prob relocated to Stanley, Tas
Maltese Cross T-bar 1973 - present 460 / 70 - Dartos Ltd.
Hut Run Platter 1975 or 77-present 395 / 57 - Baw Baw Ski Tows. (formerly Baw Baw Ski Tow Club). Extended 2004
Beginners? Rope tow 1977 - >1983 150 / 22 Between Hut & Maltese BBST. Short tow from Base of Hut Run Platter towards Old Hut Run
Summit T-bar 1979 - present 750 / 90 - Baw Baw Ski Tows
Big Hill Platter 1980 - c.2002 230 / 48 - Dartos Ltd.
Big Hill Access Poma 78><83 - present 250 / 50 - Dartos. Used as tubing lift from 2002? until 2007. Now for skiers
Tank Hill Platter 1983 - present 174 / 25 - -
Painted Run T-bar 1985 - present 300 / ? - B.B.S.T. Formerly at Mt Buller. Nicknamed Fawlty Towers due to alleged chronic unreliability
Access [2] 2-Chair-F 1989? - 1999 - - Access to village from carpark, also used for skiing. Parts are apparently now at Cooma aerodrome. Doppelmayr
Magic Carpet Carpet 2003 - present - Behind Skiosk -
Frosti Frog Carpet 2018 - present 75 metres Village centre Double width Team Service brand carpet
Ski School Carpet 2018 - present 60 metres Lower Big Hill Team Service carpet
Proposed lift -
Summit chairlift ?-Chair-F 2012 - - Mentioned on p. 104 of Alpine Resorts Co-ordinating Council Draft alpine resorts plan

In the dates operated field "78><83" indicates that the lift was installed at some time between 1978 and 1983. Info on more precise dates appreciated.

From 1971 to 1980 skiers had to choose between two lift companies, Dartos and Baw Baw Ski Tows. The combined lift company merged with the chairlift in 1988. In 2001 the state government decided to not renew the lease of Mount Baw Baw Ski Enterprises, but as they were unable to find another company to bid for the lease, the lifts were operated by the government until Belgavia Leisure took over in 2014. Media release.

Except for the towers, the original Access chairlift was reused to build a chairlift on the Nut at Stanley in Tasmania. The second Access chairlift was almost entirely new. The towers of the first chairlift were removed, sand blasted and replaced, but everything else was new and sourced from Dopplemayr. It also had about 80 chairs rather than the 50 odd on its predecessor.

After the second chairlift was removed, its parts were in storage at Drouin for many years, but a chair from the lift is on display on the veranda of Kelly's Cafe. Local gossip said it may have been sold to Charlotte Pass and the owners of Charlotte Pass did have a double chair stored at Cooma airport in 2009, although what they would want with Baw Baw's 20 year old, fixed grip double chair is anyone's guess.

Current trail map. Thanks to “Onlybackscratchers”, "djam", Ray Chapman, "HiLo", "sooty68" and Andrew Graham for help.

© David Sisson 2007 - 2019. This list was first published on 22 July 2007 and has been updated regularly since then.

9. Mt Buffalo

Lift name Type Operated Length/Vert Location Notes
Cresta area . -
Cresta Rope tow 1937 - 1938 180 / ? Cresta Built by Gill Afflick. 1937 = 108 m, ext to 180 m in '38 and changed to nutcracker. Burnt Jan 39
? 2-Chair-F 1964? - ? - Cresta Saddle Part of Ollie Polasek’s Tatra development
? T-bar 1964?-<1984 - - Part of Ollie Polasek’s Tatra development
? Poma 1964? - ? - - Part of Ollie Polasek’s Tatra development
? 2-Chair-F >1984 - ? - - Cost $200,000, many teething problems
Beginners Montaz fixed grip < 1983 > 180 / 27 - -
Operating in 2006 . -
Cresta Poma <1983 - 2006 427 / 127 - Some of these are original 1960's Tatra tows
Gully Poma <1983 - 2006 165 / 33 - Some of these are original 1960's Tatra tows
Cresta Valley 2-Chair-F <1983 - 2006 302 / 80 - Some of these are original 1960's Tatra tows
Valley 2-Chair-F >1983 - 2006 160 / ? - Allegedely this lift was supposed to be twice as long but resort ran out of money when it was being built. Parks Vic claimed it was the 2nd shortest chairlift in the world, but this is probably exagerated
Novice Poma >1983 - 2006 - - Some of these are original 1960's Tatra tows
Dingo Dell area . -
The Nutcracker Nutcracker 1949 - c.1966 - - Cost £300, originally a simple rope tow. Built by Canadians Herb Hall & Paul Heikkila using parts & Cadillac engine from Cresta. 6d ride, 10/- week. Revamped & repowered in 1951
Number One Poma 196? - 1998? 240 / 40 - Cost $20,000. Only operated on weekends from 1996 - 98
Number Two Poma ? - 1998? 216 / 37 - Only operated on weekends from 1996 - 1998
Bambi Portable ? - 1989 90 / 6 - -
Proposed lift
Skyway Gondola 2009 3 - 4 km - Proposed by tourist assoc. Newspaper article, Local TV news

Dingo Dell’s last season was probably 1998 (or possibly 1988), at the time there was a rope tow and two Pomas there. Cresta’s last season was 2006 when five lifts remained. Final trail maps for Dingo Dell and Cresta areas before they closed.

None of the histories of Mt Buffalo pay much attention to the precise dates, location or names of ski lifts, so the information in this table is rather vague. Any accurate information would be appreciated. Please email australianmountains at

In December 2006, The Buffalo Lodge (formerly known as Tatra Inn) burnt down and in January 2007 the lessees relinquished their lease of the Buffalo Chalet. At the time the Chalet (built in 1910) was still structurally sound, but it is unlikely to operate again. In 2007 the state government was unwilling to grant a lease long enough to justify the huge expenditure required to make the rather old fashioned Chalet attractive to guests. While they are now prepared to offer a long lease, it's probably too late. Unless the Chalet is occupied and maintained, it is only a matter of time until a storm or fire damages it irreparably. It all makes a sad end to Victoria’s first ski resort, Australia's oldest surviving ski lodge and the site of Australia's first ski lift.

In the summer of 2012-2013, the ski lifts were offered for sale . One was bought by Dinner Plain and will be used as a tubing lift from the 2015 season, while a Poma may have been bought by a caravan park outside Albury and adapted for use by mountain bikes. News of any others would be appreciated.

Reopening proposal. In winter 2015 a proposal was floated to reopen five lifts at Cresta by an outfit called 'Mt Buffalo Snow Resort Pty Ltd'. It's directors are Ben Mock and Jamie Cottee. Detaiis are on their website

Thanks to "Wangaratta_bloke" and to Steve Kemp for information on Dingo Dell.

© David Sisson 2007 - 2019. This list was first published on 3 August 2007 and has been updated regularly since then.

10. Mt Buller

Lift name Type Manufacturer Operated Length/Vert Location Notes
Bourke St Rope tow / Nutcracker Home made 1949 - 1958 270 / 180 - S.C.V & BMW Ski Club. Initially ran as a simple rope tow. Support towers added & upgraded to a nutcracker in 1950. Probably less vertical than 180m
Bull Run Portable nutcracker - 1953 - 1954 - - Blue. Extended in '54, relocated to Mt St Bernard, still operates
Bull Run Nutcracker - 1955 - 1961 - - Blue (John Hilton-Wood)
Baldy Portable rope tow - 1957 - 1961 - - Blue (Ernest & Aurel Forras, sold to John Hilton-Wood)
Tyrol / Little Baldy Rope tow - 1956?- 1962 c.300/ ? Tyrol Maurice Selle.
Skyline / Little Collins St Rope tow - 1959 - 1961 488 / 75 Skyline Blue Lifts (then named Bull Run Enterprises)
Koflers / Transportation Nutcracker - 1959 - 1963 - - BMW Ski Tow Group later became Orange (then named Ski Lifts Mt Buller)
Bourke St T-bar Locally made 1959 - 1968 - Bourke St Orange. Parts later used at either Guthega or Ben Lomond
Federation T-bar - 1959 - 1980  ? / 190 Federation Orange Lifts. Replaced by Federation triple chair
Bourke St Double rope tow - 1961 - 1963 - Bourke St Orange Lifts
Chamois Rope tow - 1961 - 1963 180/ ? - Konrad Koch, bought by Blue and replaced with a Poma. Possibly 1st ran in '62?
Bull Run T-bar Doppelmayr 1962 - 1984 638 / 240 Bull Run Blue Lifts. Maybe 610 m long/ 245 m vertical
Skyline T-bar Doppelmayr 1963 -present 480 / 90 South of Bourke St Blue Lifts. Oldest lift still operating at Buller
Shaky Knees / Swanston St T-bar - 1963 - 2004 300/120 - Orange. Replaced by Emirates / Shakey Knees quad chair
Bourke St 2-Chair-F Doppelmayr 1964 - 1983 610 / 90 Bourke St Blue Lifts. First Doppelmayr double chairlift in the world
Summit Poma Pomagalski 1964 - 1983 244 / 68 - Orange, rebuilt at Ben Lomond as 30 Sec & Big Ben
Summit Access/Howqua Poma Pomagalski 1964 - 83/90's 1070/ 136 * * See notes below
Chamois Poma Pomagalski 1965 - 1987 608 / 213 - Blue Lifts. Extended in 1968 or 69, originally 548 / 205
Boggy Creek T-bar McCallum 1967 -present 410 / 141 - Orange. Shortened & converted to electic power in 2020
Summit duplicate Poma Pomagalski 1968 - 1983 - - Orange, rebuilt at Ben Lomond as 30 Sec & Big Ben
Whittaker Poma Pomagalski 1969 - 1981 - Near Village run Blue. Replaced by Village T-bar
Baldy Duplex Poma Pomagalski 1969 - 1985 274 / 138 Heli Flat - Baldy Orange Lifts
Tyrol / Tirol T-bar - 1972 -present 1610/ 356 Orig ran to Baldy Orange. Shortened in 1987. Spelling change c.2004. New mid-load added 2014. Diesel engine replaced by electic 2015.
Beginners / Ski School platter - 1974 - 2003 - Mid Bourke St Orange. Replaced by Carpet
Baldy 2-Chair-F Pomagalski 1974 - 1983 792 / 77 - Blue Lifts
Beginners Carousel - 1976 - 1977 - Helicopter Flat Orange Lifts
Koflers T-bar - 1977 -present 300 / 130 - Orange Lifts. Originally to the bottom of Howqua.
Enzian Poma Pomagalski 1979 - 1996 244 / 77 Upper Chamois Blue Lifts
Grimus 3-Chair-F Doppelmayr 1979 -present 800 / 192 Nth side of Summit Orange Lifts
Burnt Hut Spur 3-Chair-F Doppelmayr 1980 - 2009 310 / 105 - Orange. Wrecked by lightning strike on 28/02/10. Pic. Replaced by Bonza quad
Sun Valley Poma Pomagalski 1980 - 1985 900 / 300 B/w Bull & Fed Blue. Built pre '80 season, but may not have opened until '81. Accessed Federation slopes
Federation 3-Chair-F Doppelmayr 1981 -present 1000/ 332 - Orange Lifts. Replaced & extended original T-bar
Horse Hill 3-Chair-F Doppelmayr 1982 - 1985 1700/ 390 - Orange Lifts. Moved to Helicopter Flat in 1986
Village T-bar - 1982 - 2003 853 / 219 - Blue Lifts. Replaced & extended Whittaker Poma
Beginners Poma - 1980 -present 310 / 105 - Orange Lifts
Playground Poma - < 1983 > 100 / 30 Helicopter Flat Orange Lifts
Blue Bullet 1 4-Chair-D Doppelmayr 1984 - 2018 c.560 / ? Lower Bourke St Replaced by a six pack. Wasn't oldest surviving detachable quad, as some Euro '83 lifts still exist
Blue Bullet 2 4-Chair-D Doppelmayr 1984 - 2007 - Baldy Blue Lifts. Replaced Baldy double chair
Summit 4-Chair-F Doppelmayr 1984 -present - - Orange Lifts. Replaced duplex Pomas
Howqua 4-Chair-F Poma 1984 -present - Howqua/Family - Baldy Orange. Eng, twr heads, bullwheels are for triple, other parts are quad
Spurs / Trainer T-bar - 1984 - 2011 - Top of Horse Hill Orange. Very short, allowed easier transverse to Bourke St
Bull Run 4-Chair-F Doppelmayr 1985 -present - - Blue Lifts. Replaced Bull Run T-bar
Horse Hill / Northside Express 4-Ch/Gond-D Doppelmayr 1986 -present 1700 / 390 Mid station at Chalet Ck Dopp website claims it was first chondola in the world. Renamed 2012. 106 chairs, 20 gondolas, 4.0 m/s. 1st ski gondola in Aust. Film of lift in '86
Helicopter Flat / ABOM 3-Chair-F Doppelmayr 1986 - 2007 - - Replaced Baldy, moved from Horse Hill. Renamed 03. Sold to Selwyn
Dam Rope tow - 1987 - 2011 - Near Spurs Very short beginners lift, replaced by carpet from Burnt Hut
Southside 4-Chair-F Doppelmayr 1990 -present - Federation area -
Ski Kindy No. 1 Rope tow - 1991 -present - - _
Wombat 4-Chair-F Doppelmayr 1993 -present - - -
Chamois / Lydia Lassila / Lydia's 2-Chair-F Doppelmayr 1993 -present - Chamois bowl 1993 was a poor snow season & verbal reports say the new lift didn't run that year. Third lift on the route, a rope tow and Poma had been there previously. Has a mid station. Renamed before 2011 season
Canyon Rope Tow [1] Rope tow - 1997 - 2018 - Sth of bus station Link route between Chamois & Bull Run. Steeper than second lift, so it was replaced as some skiers had difficulty using it
Canyon Rope Tow [2] Rope tow - 1997 -present - Sth of bus station Link route between Chamois and Bull Run. Gentle grade simple rope tow, rope gripped in a glove with no other assistance
Tube Park Rope tow - 1998 -present - - -
Bluff View Rope tow - 2001 -present - Baldy rail park -
Cattleman's 1 Carpet - 2003 -present - - -
Cattleman's 2 Carpet - 2003 -present - - -
Bourke St Carpet Carpet - 2004 -present - - -
Emirates / Shaky Knees/ Discovery / SK / The Fox 4-Chair-F Doppelmayr 2005 -present 633 / 151 Upper Tyrol Speed 2.3 metres per second. Replaced Shakey Knees T-bar. Called Northside pre opening, renamed 2011, 2012, 2015
Holden / ABOM Express / Mercedes-Benz 6-Chair-D Doppelmayr 2008 -present 1001 / 127 Heli Flat - Baldy Cost $7m, speed 5.0 m/s Replaced BB2 & Heli/ABOM Initial press release Renamed 2014?
Burnt Hut 1 Carpet - 2010 - 2011 160 / ? - Carpet (sourced from NZ?) after lightning destroyed BH chair
Burnt Hut 2 Carpet - 2010 - 2011 160 / ? - Replaced by new fixed grip quad chair in 2012
Bonza 4-Chair-F Doppelmayr 2012 -present 533 / 132 Burnt Hut Repaced Burnt Hut triple chair. Cost $3.1 m. Speed 2.3 m/s. Link to webpage
Gliders Carpet - 2012 -present - - Replaced Spurs T-bar. Located on Burnt Hut Spur 2010-11, previously in NZ
Happy Feet Carpet - 2012 -present - - Replaced Dam rope tow. Located on Burnt Hut Spur 2010-11, previously in NZ
Canyon Platter / handle tow SunKid 2019 -present c.100 / ? - Replaced Canyon tow [1] on traverse between Chamois & Bull Run as some had difficulty using a rope tow. Lift is a SunKid Comfort Star. First ran on 27 July
Bourke Street Express 6-Chair-D Doppelmayr 2019 -present c.560 / ? Lower Bourke St Replaced Blue Bullet 1
Proposed Lifts . . . . . .
Kofler's Rope Tow - 1939 & 1940 122 / 60 Horse Hill Foundations poured early '39. To be ready for '40 season, stopped by war
Kofler's Funicular rail - 1940 - Mirimbah - Chalet Hybrid of local logging cableways & 1930's European funicular railways
Shaky Knees - Helicopter Flat"Trolley sledge lift"=Funicular? 1954 Base SK/Slalom Gully-Heli Flat Harold Cuming. Work began, but permission later refused. Loss of Welcome Inn to fire in 1955 led to Cumming transfering to Mt Mawson (SH 10/54 p6, 1/55 p3, 10/55 p2)
Federation ? 1954 Federation Kooroora (Forras brothers). Application to build refused by Forests Commission. (Ski Horizon 11/54 p7)
Village Gondola 2010 plan Horse Hill-town centre Page 24 of Final masterplan 2010, Draft masterplan early 2010
Playground Unspecified 2010 plan Spurs - Baldy Draft masterplan 2010

Orange Lifts distinctive lattice arch Bourke Street T-bar which operated from 1959 to 1968. From Geelong Ski Club photo gallery

In common with Ben Lomond and Mt Baw Baw, Mt Buller had two lift companies for many years. They issued a joint ticket in 1984 and merged in 1985 when Bull Run Enterprises (Blue Lifts) took over Mt Buller Ski Lifts (Orange Lifts). The company is now called Buller Ski Lifts.

The interactive trail map for Buller's ski slopes.

At least eight old ski lifts from Mt Buller were relocated to other Australian mountains in three states. Buller is the only Australian resort with a consistent record of selling its discarded lifts.

  • Ben Lomond bought several lifts including the Bourke St rope tow, both summit Pomas and the Bourke St (or Baldy?) double chairlift.

  • The original 1953 Bull Run nutcracker tow was relocated to Mt St Bernard (near Mt Hotham) in 1955. It is Australia’s oldest operational ski lift and one of the oldest in the world.

  • Guthega bought a T-bar from Orange Lifts in the mid 1970's, (probably the Bourke St T-bar, as both had arch type frames).

  • I've been informed that Painted Run T-bar at Mt Baw Baw also came from Buller, but have not been able to confirm this.

  • More recently, the Helicopter / ABOM triple chair was sold to Selwyn Snowfields.

Bourke St and Baldy double chairs, Blue Bullet 1 and 2 quads. Working draft. Ski lifts on Bourke St

These lifts were amongst the most revolutionary to ever be installed in Australia. Not only were they amongst the first quad chairs, but they were also the first detachable chairlifts in the country.


Bourke Street has always been Mt Buller’s busiest beginners run and it was named after the similarity of its crowded slopes to the crowds on Bourke St in central Melbourne. The first lift on the slope was a simple rope tow which operated for the 1949 ski season which was rebuilt and upgraded to become a nutcracker tow for the 1950 season. At the time several new lodges were being built every year and Buller’s explosive growth meant that Bourke St became more crowded despite the construction of new ski lifts on other slopes. So in 1956 and 57 two more tows were built from the upper part of Bourke St at Helicopter Flat to Baldy, (a distinctive hill that overlooks the run). These were joined by a T-bar in 1959 and a duplex nutcracker tow in 1961. There were so many lifts on some parts on the ski run that they reduced the room available for skiers. At the same time the multiple independent lift operators were consolidating into two companies.

So inhe crowded slopes of lower Bourke Street

Allegedly Dopp senior said chairlifts were a fad…

Cutthroat competition between the Blue and Orange lift companies meant they were always looking for points of difference and new innovations. One of these was the Bourke Street double chair installed for the 1964 season. This was the first double chair in Victoria and it appears to also have been the first double chair built by Doppelamayr. In 1959 a T-bar on the route replaced a nutcracker tow considerably improving comfort, but the chairlift completely outclassed the T-bar.

Problems with rime and icing and Dopps help with it. Include a photo.

The chairlift was successful and great publicity for Blue Lifts. So in 1974 the route was extended to the top of Baldy by a second chairlift, which may have been made by Poma (?). The top station of the Bourke St lift and the base of the Baldy lift were adjacent, allowing a quick transition between the two.

However while the Blue chairlifts offered the most comfortable route from the village to the top of Baldy, they were not the fastest as in 19xx Orange installed duplex fast Pomas to Baldy. By the 1980s the slow, fixed grip Bourke St chair often featured long queus as it was the only lifted access from much of the village to most of the ski slopes. In 1984 these two factors led to a solution even more radical than the installation of the double chair 20 years earlier

Triple chairs had operating in Australia since 19xx and the natural evolution from them were the quad chairs built at yyy and zzz resorts in 19xx. A quad chair would have solved the problem with queses on the Bourke Street chair, but Blue Lifts went several steps beyond that by installing a detachable quad. Before this all chairlifts in Australia were ‘fixed grip’ with chair permanently attached to the cable. Chairs could not move overly fast through loading and unloading points, so this limited the speed of fixed grip chairs to around 2 1/2 metres per second. This may not have been much of a problem, but Orange Lifts were operating their Baldy Pomas at twice that speed.

So over the summer of 1983 - 84, Blue replaced both double lifts with detachable quads. Australian skiers and resorts had never seen anything like them before. Detachable chairlifts remove the chair from the cable and move them slowly through the terminal at a low speed of around a metres per second. This allows the main cable to move quite fast at around 5 m/s which is double the usual speed of a fixed grip chair. So detachable chairs are easier to load and travel faster. Everyone wins… except that the cost of building and maintaining them is much higher than fixed grip chairlifts.

Not all of BB1 was scrapped over the summer of 2018 -2019, the chairs were auctioned off and many found a new life as garden furniture. The bull wheel was reused in a private chairlift near Albury. Blue Bullet 1 photo gallery.

One of the first detachable chairlifts in the world

Both Doppelmayr and Poma introduced detachable chairlifts in the early 1980s, with other companies following the two industry leaders (such as Xxxx in 198* and Yyyyy in 199*). The first detachable in North America (and probably the world) was the Quicksliver quad chair that operated at Breckenridge in Colorado from 1981 to 1999.* This was followed by a Poma detachable quad at Serre Chevalier in France in 1982 and a Dopplelmayr detachable triple chair at Mt Bachelor in 1983. This triple appears to be the closest relative of Mt Buller’s Blue Bullets. So it appears that the Buller probably had the third and fourth detachable quads in the world.

* In 2000 Quicksilver was relocated to the Mont Owls Head resort in Quebec and renamed Lake. So the worlds first detachable chairlift still operates

Operations, effect on Buller.

Maintenance and spare parts difficulties. Detachable quads are very complex machines and as the early technology evolved it was quickly superseded. But unlike T-bars, nutcrackers and even Poma lifts, replacement parts cannot be easily made in a workshop. As the lifts aged, spare parts became more of a problem and hearsay suggests this was one of the reasons BB2 was removed, so parts from it could be used to keep BB1 running.

Replacement with 6 packs.

Triple Pomas operated by Orange Lifts at Buller in the 1970s, Summit Access is on the right. Source:  Victorian Places .

Triple Pomas operated by Orange Lifts at Buller in the 1970s, Summit Access is on the right. Source: Victorian Places.

Summit Access / Howqua Poma. Background profile

Profile will be completed and the text further edited soon.

More than any other mountain in Australia, Mt Buller had a love affair with Poma lifts. By the early 1960s there was fierce competition between Blue and Orange lifts and both companies were quick to replace nutcracker tows as soon as there were reliable alternatives. So 11 Pomas were built at Buller between 1964 and 1980. One of Buller’s Pomas was the fastest ski lift to ever operate in Australia and was amongst the fastest in the world.

In 1959 the BMW tow group (Brighton Mountain Wanderers, not the car company) installed the Koflers/Transportation nutcracker tow to provide access to areas of the mountain further from the village and Federation T-bar was built in the same year. At the time, there was competition between Blue Lifts and the groups which would soon combine to become orange lifts, to access as much of the mountain as possible. The Transportation tow and Federation T-bar allowed Orange to claim part of the south west part of the mountain as their own. However T-bars of the time were not reliable, they ran at even slower speeds than they do today and there was trouble with every type of spring box on the market.

Blue lifts had been running trips to the summit area with skiers towed behind oversnow vehicles and by 1964 Orange were ready to establish a claim to the area. However their nutcracker which accessed Federation and the lower Baldy area did not have the capacity to serve further areas. So in 1964 the Koflers / Transportation nutcracker was replaced with a Poma lift and an additional Poma was built on terrain which had not seen a lift before, the same path as todays Summit quad chairlift.

The new Summit Access / Howqua Poma opened in 1964. What made it different to any other was that it was double ended. The lift started in the village at Helicopter Flat and climbed to the ridge just south of Baldy, then it descended along a path parallel to the present Howqua chairlift. The east side was named Summit Access, the west end was Howqua. Skiers could load onto the lift at either end and get off wherever they wanted to at the top of the ridge. While the new Poma served some ski runs, it was more of an access lift. And, because the Poma sticks detached from the cable and were spring loaded, the lift could operate at up to three times the speed of T-bars.

Pomas were a new type of lift and Orange were keen to emphasise their advantages. One of those advantages was speed and in it’s first years they often ran Summit Access / Howqua at its top speed of 6½ metres a second. This not only got their customers up to the Federation and Summit lifts faster, it allowed them to zoom past skiers on Blue Lifts Skyline T-bar or the expensive new Bourke St chairlift, neither operated at more than 2 metres a second. However this breakneck speed led to accidents and within a few years it was restricted to 4 m/s when open to the public, although it still operated at full speed for staff.

In 1984 the Poma was partly replaced by the Howqua quad chairlift and two years later the other end was removed to make way for the Helicopter / ABOM triple chair. From the late 1980's to the early 1990's, a truncated at both ends Summit Access poma ran from near Fawlty Towers to the top of the Howqua chair.

Howqua (this section was 536 long / 86 vertical).

Ad for the Buller ski-lift in the 1939 Australian and New Zealand Ski Yearbook. Note the sling style seat. Construction was initially delayed by the 1939 bush fires and stopped by the outbreak of World War II.

Ad for the Buller ski-lift in the 1939 Australian and New Zealand Ski Yearbook. Note the sling style seat. Construction was initially delayed by the 1939 bush fires and stopped by the outbreak of World War II.

More on Buller history:

Jim Darby. Mt Buller: the story of a mountain. tSm Publishing, 2008.

David Joss. Mt Buller: a history. Alpine Resorts Commission, n.d. (1995?). 36 page booklet.

Ernest Forras, Jan Henderson. Ernest escapades, or seriously for fun only: the autobiography of Ernest Forras. Ernest Forras, 1994.

Harry Stephenson. Skiing the high plains: a history of the ski exploration of Victoria's alpine area. Graphic Books, 1982. Pages 198 - 219.

I. C. Dillon. Tracks of the morning: a Timbertop history text. Geelong Grammar School, 1989. Pages 323 - 357.

Magazines. Most ski magazines have covered the development of Buller, but the Australian and New Zealand ski yearbook and two Victorian ski monthlies, Schuss and Ski Horizon were published during the formative years of the mountain.

Club histories. Club histories tend to focus on work parties, lodge construction and administration, but they also give a good idea of skiers experiences over the years.

Lynette Sheridan. University Ski Club 1929 - 1979. U.S.C, 1988. Chapter 9, pages 130 - 161.

Janis Lloyd. Skiing into history: 1924 - 1984. Ski Club of Victoria, 1986. Pages 93 - 197.

Ann Crawford. A proud achievement: 50 years of YHA on Mt Buller 1947 - 1997. YHA, 1997. 58 page booklet.

© David Sisson 2007 - 2019. This list was first published on 10 July 2007 and has been updated regularly since then.

11. Mt Hotham

Lift name Type Manufacturer Operated Length / Vertical Location Notes
Blue Ribbon Nutcracker Hamilton 1952 -72, 3 or 4? 560or610/235or253 - Cost £3000, capacity 12 at a time. Length & vert figures vary
Higginbotham Rope tow - 1958? - >1965 61 / - Davenport Probably owned by Ski Tows Ltd.
Basin Rope tow - 1958 or 9- 62? 61 / ? Basin Run Ski Tows Ltd. Replaced by a Poma
Jack Hedley's Rope tow - 1962 - 1964 - Pimples - Swindlers Lift had previously run as Dogpatch at Falls Creek
Basin Poma - 1963 or 4-1970 - Today's Basin Run Ski Tows Ltd. Moved to Davenport
? Rope Tow? - 1963 - ? - Above Blue Ribbon Formerly "Novice tow at Hotham" before being moved
Jack's Tow J-bar - 1965? -1968? - Sun Run Apparently unreliable. May have originally been a rope tow
Pole Line / Summit Poma Poma 1966 - 1987 790 / 95 Summit Ski Tows Ltd.
Playground 2-Chair-F Doppelamyr 1969 - 2018 614 / 199 shortened < Originally 900 / 290 Initially planned for Aust Drift. Only ran from mid station to top in 1969. full length operated from 1970. Shortened for 1993. 1000 p/hr
Davenport Poma Poma 1971 - 1983 240 / 43 Big D area Moved from Basin, replaced by Big D quad chair
Brockhoff Poma Poma 1973 - 1986 790 / 290 North of Heavenly Valley Originally planned to name it Snake Gully Poma. Only Poma with 2 corners in Australia. Partly replaced by Heavenly Valley quad
Basin Platter Doppelmayr 1974 - 1992 175 / 44 - Moved to Koala Park?
Sun Run T-bar Doppelamyr 1977 - 1994 350 / 98 North side of present Sun Run -
Summit T-bar Doppelamyr 1979 - 1994 580 / 87 - Moved to Australia Drift
Blue Ribbon 3-Chair-F Doppelamyr 1981 - present 710 / 216 - Capacity 1600 per hour
Plains of Heaven / Ski School Platter Doppelamyr 1981 - 1983 153 / 36 Lower Blue Ribbon Moved to Dinner Plain
Big D 4-Chair-F Doppelamyr 1984 - present 396 / 64 Davenport Replaced Davenport Poma. Capacity 2400 per hr
Heavenly Valley 4-Chair-F Doppelmayr 1987 - present 845 / 314or395? - Replaced Brockoff Poma. Capacity 2400 per hr
Summit 4-Chair-F Doppelamyr 1988 - present 595 / 98 - May have been installed 1989, not 1988. Capacity 2400 per hour
Village / Audi Quattro 4-Chair-F Poma 1993 - present 800 / 275 - Name changed 2016. Capacity 2400 per hour
Koala Park Platter Doppelamyr 1993 - 1997 - B/w Zirky's & White Cryst Moved to summit. Renamed Summit Trainer
Road Runner 4-Chair-F Poma 1995 - present 671 / 153 - Capacity 2400 per hour
Australia Drift / The Drift T-bar Doppelmayr 1995 - present 370 / 88 - Moved from Summit. Capacity 1285 per hr
Gotcha 4-Chair-F Doppelmayr 1997 - present 472 / 140 - Doppelmayr lists length/vertical as 485 / 121. Speed 2.1 metres per second, capacity 2400 per hour
Keogh's 4-Chair-F Doppelmayr 1997 - present 383 / 188 - Continues over valley as Orchard, loads in middle. Speed 2.1 metres second. 2400 passengers an hour
Orchard 4-Chair-F Doppelmayr 1997 - present 573 / 154 - Continues over valley as Keogh's, loads in middle. Speed 2.1 metres second. 2400 passengers an hour
Summit Trainer Platter Doppelmayr 1998 - present 132 / 22 - Formerly at Koala Park. Capacity 500 per hour
Big D Trainer Rope tow - 1999 - 2008? - - -
Pups Playground Carpet - ? - present 17 / ? Davenport -
Harry's Hideaway Carpet - ? - present 50 / ? Davenport -
Proposed Lifts . . . . . .
Australia Drift 2-Chair-F - 1968 - - Planned location for double chair. Location changed before installation
Imagine - Summit Chairlift - 2014 - Top of Slalom Gully-Summitt In RMB plan (not lift co's). Aims to reduce congestion in Slalom Gully
Higginbotham Chairlift - 2014 - North side of Higgi Connects Village chair with Big D. In RMB plan (not lift companys)
Australia Drift 4-Chair-- - 2014 - - Proposal to replace Drift Lift T-bar with quad chair
Existing and proposed Hotham lifts 2014. The proposed lifts are shown by dashed lines.

Existing and proposed Hotham lifts 2014. The proposed lifts are shown by dashed lines.

There is fragmentary evidence of a hand held rope tow operating in the Diamantina Hut / Murray Valley Ski Club area in the late 1960's or early 1970s.  Any conformation of it's existence would appreciated, solid details such as it's route or a photo would be appreciated even more.

Information on lifts at Hotham in the 1960's is conflicting. After the monthly magazines Ski Horizon and Schuss ceased publication, there was no reliable record of exactly what was happening in Victorian skiing. Wendy Cross's excellent book Australian skiing: the first 100 years doesn't cover events after 1962, but she states that Basin was the second lift, running from 1958 - 59 before being moved to Davenport.

Lift companies. The original lift company: Ski Tows Limited was operated on a cost recovery basis by members of the University Ski Club and the Alpine Club of Victoria. It never paid a dividend. Jack Hedley also ran a couple of lifts for a few years. Ski Tows Ltd's lack of capital hampered further development of the mountain. After the 1968 season a controlling interest in the company was sold to Desmond Schumann who built the Playground double chair. It was originally planned for the Australia Drift / Avalanche Gully area, but the location was changed to the current site just before it was installed. In 1995 the Schumann family sold Ski Tows Limited to BCR Management so they could concentrate on Silver Star and Big White, ski resorts in B.C. Canada which Schumann family interests had acquired.

In the latter years of Schumann ownership a number of old surface lifts were replaced with chairlifts. When BCR Management took over, they continued the chairlift construction programme and in 1997 built Gotcha, Keogh's and Orchard in areas that had never had lifts before. Infrastructure development continued in 1999 with the opening of the airport at nearby Horsehair Plain.

All this development appears to have over extended BCR Management and in 2004 the lift company was sold to MFS Living and Leisure, a listed Gold Coast land developer that also owned aquariums and treetop walks. They had great plans for expansion of both lifts and buildings. As they also owned the lifts at Falls Creek, a lift ticket was valid at both resorts. However the plans came to nothing when MFS L&L went broke in 2008. The company was bailed out when a controlling shareholding was acquired by the Jamie Packer controlled outfit that owned the ski lifts at Perisher. In December 2011 L&L was sold to Merlin Entertainments, a UK based tourist group with attractions worldwide including aquariums, theme parks and the Legoland and Madame Tussauds chains. At the time Merlin did not own any ski resorts so there was speculation about whether they planed to hold on to the renamed Mount Hotham Skiing Company, but they still own Hotham and Falls, although there have no new master plans of the type announced by previous owners. An indication that Merlin continued to be interested in the ski industry is that they were negotiating to buy Cardrona ski resort in New Zealand in 2013, although it was later bought by a local company.

Recent trail map.

More on Hotham history:
Donald Bennett. Hotham horizon: the Alpine Club of Victoria. The author, 1987.
Jennifer McLennan. Not below 5000: a history of the Ski Club of East Gippsland. S.C.E.G., 2001.
Lynette Sheridan. University Ski Club: 1929 - 1979. U.S.C., 1988.
Gillian Salmon. The king of Hotham: my father. Lindsay Salmon - the Drift Chalet - Mount Hotham. Gillian Magnabosco, 2013.

Ticket prices in 1965. A 7 day ticket for all tows cost £7. Blue Ribbon nutcracker cost 30 shillings for 10 rides or 5/- for a single ride. Basin Poma and Higginbotham rope tow: 30/- for 40 rides or 1/- for a single ride.

Thanks to Tim Meier for help with information on lift manufacturers.

© David Sisson 2007 - 2019. This list was first published on 19 July 2007 and has been updated regularly since then.

Upper Playground in 2012. Photo © Aidan D'Arcy

Playground double chairlift

Ski Tows Limited was a non profit company that ran most of Hotham’s lifts from 1952. However operating on a cost recovery basis meant that after building the Blue Ribbon nutcracker tow, it barely had the money to build a few short surface lifts in the years that followed. The under capitalisation of the lift company became a serious impediment to the development of Hotham at a time when Buller and Falls Creek were booming. This changed after the 1968 ski season when a controlling interest was sold to Des Schumann who immediately began planning new lifts.

At the time Hotham had a few shortish beginner lifts but the Blue Ribbon tow was the only lift that served longer slopes with more difficult terrain. However the mountain had huge potential, with a wealth of challenging but unlifted slopes. It seems Schumann wanted to make a splash in his first season of owning the lift company, so he ordered a Doppelmayr chairlift, something that Hotham skiers had hardly dared to dream about. It was originally planned to install the new lift in the Australia Drift - Avalanche Gully area, but late in the planning process it was moved to the slope north of Zirkys leading down to Swindlers Creek

In 1969 the brand new chairlift only operated from the mid station. This may have been because it wasn’t quite finished, and anecdotal reports say it broke down a few times. But 1969 was a very poor ski season without much snow and the brand new International Poma at nearby Falls Creek ski resort never operated at all. So for whatever reason, the new chairlift only operated from top to bottom from the winter of 1970. Initially it was simply known as ‘the chairlift’ but after the Blue Ribbon chairlift was opened in 1981, it was given the name Playground.

2014 photo of the rebuilt mid station. On the left are a disused kiosk and a platform for seating (built &lt;2003, removed c.2015). From Google street view.

2014 photo of the rebuilt mid station. On the left are a disused kiosk and a platform for seating (built <2003, removed c.2015). From Google street view.

The original base station was built almost on top of Swindlers Creek and in the late 1980s a flood destroyed the base station. As there had recently been a lot of earth works upstream to improve runs served by the new Heavenly Valley quad, and the disturbed area had not had time to revegetate, the flood also washed a lot of dirt down the creek, slightly raising the ground level near the chairlift. So after a bigger channel was built for the creek, a new base for the chairlift was installed that required a shorter first tower. While original lift towers had a rectangular profile, this newer tower was round.

Base of Playground chairlift in 1990. Photo © ‘Timmossy’

The chairlift was successful in its first years of operation as it served a variety of runs. It also permitted development further up Swindlers Creek Valley and when Brockhoff Poma opened in 1972, it accessed a huge area that had previously required long climbs on foot. Both lifts were heavily used and in a way became victims of their own success. Long queues meant that more lifts were required to relieve crowding and in 1987 Heavenly Valley quad chair replaced the Brockhoff Poma. This placed even more pressure on the double chair as it had been used as an access lift for Brockhoff and then Heavenly Valley, with queues up to 30 minutes long after the newly built quad closed at 4.30. So in the summer of 1992 - 1993 the Village quad chair (later renamed Audi Quatro) was built close to the double chair.

While the top stations of the two chairlifts were over 200 metres apart, it was decided to build the Swindlers Creek base station of the new Village quad right next to the base of Playground, meaning that the loading point of Playground had to be moved. As the slope immediately above the creek was particularly steep, the old double chair had a new base station built further up the hill above the steep section. The new load platform was supported by reused towers from the former Brockhoff and Summit Pomas. At the same time the shortened lift got new chairs.

There was space for the bases of both chairlifts near the creek, so it is unclear why a route was chosen for the new quad that did not allow Playground to continue operating without being shortened.

When the Sun Run T-bar was built in 1979, Playground’s mid station was removed as the new T-bar duplicated the upper section of Playground. After Sun Run T-bar was replaced by the much longer Road Runner quad chair in 1995, an improvised mid station made from snow was utilised for a year or two before a proper mid station was rebuilt around 1996 or 1997.

However the new base of the double chair was never terribly popular and in its last few decades Playground probably loaded most of its passengers from the mid station adjacent to the base of the Sun Run T-bar and Road Runner quad. After Road Runner was built, Playground essentially operated as a replacement for the Sun Run T-bar.

From the turn of the century the old chair was used less and less and in its last few years it was only used occasionally, mostly when Road Runner was on wind hold or to move skiers when things became crowded. Playground ran for the last time on 7 October 2018 at the end of its 50th ski season. A video of a ride from the mid station can be found at this link.

There a few uncertainties about Playground. Please email australianmountains (at) if you have more information

  • While the replacement chairs from circa 1993 were from Doppelmayr, I have been unable to confirm that the original lift was made by them.

  • The original lift was 954 metres long with a vertical ascent of 300 metres. The length and vertical of the shortened lift from 1993 is recorded as 614 and 199. However I doubt the shortened lift was less than two thirds the length of the original, so these figures may be a bit out.

Advertisement for the Blue Ribbon nutcracker tow, the only lift at Hotham in 1953

Advertisement for the Blue Ribbon nutcracker tow, the only lift at Hotham in 1953

Blue Ribbon nutcracker tow

Blue Ribbon was the first lift on Hotham. It was built in 1952 and operated until at least 1972. It appears the tow was never formally decommissioned, instead it may have just been used less and less. Some anecdotes claim it was still running as late as 1974. Relics remained on site for years after the replacement triple chairlift was installed in 1981.

Details: Hamilton 'Type B' rope tow. Cost of purchase and construction £3,000. 1836 feet (560 metres) long, vertical lift 770' (235 m.), average slope 25 degrees. Powered by a 28 horsepower (21 kilowatt) Bedford Truck engine which was housed in a hut at the top of the tow near the road. The tow rope was 1 inch ( 2.54 cm) sisal. It was supported on 9 poles with waist height pulleys that could be raised or lowered according to the depth of snow. Capacity 12 at a time. The trip took four minutes at a speed of 6.8 miles per hour (11 kph) compared to a 40 minute walk up the slope. A canteen was added to the tow hut in 1957.

Blue Ribbon not long after it was built. From Lynette Sheridan. University Ski Club 1929 - 1979. p. 108

Blue Ribbon not long after it was built. From Lynette Sheridan. University Ski Club 1929 - 1979. p. 108

Building the Blue Ribbon tow. Don Bennett

An extract from: Donald Bennett. Hotham horizon: the Alpine Club of Victoria: reminiscence. Pages 95 - 97.

The first ski tow on Hotham was a major development. This too was conceived and brought about by the joint efforts of the University Ski Club and the Alpine Club of Victoria...

... The subject of tows was first raised during a... meeting on 22nd June 1950. The minutes... state, 'George Chisholm opened the subject of a ski tow for Mt. Hotham and produced detailed information of the Hamilton tow widely used in New Zealand. A meeting of a group of interested people was arranged for Monday, 3rd July 1950, to discuss the type of tow and the financing of the project'.

George Chisholm had visited New Zealand in 1949 as Captain of the Australian Inter Dominion Team. He had been most impressed by the Hamilton rope tow manufacturers at Littleton near Christchurch. This rope tow was used at Coronet Peak and gave George ample opportunity to assess the practicability of the device.

A company, rejoicing in the name of Ski Tows Ltd., was formed in 1950 with four U.S.C. and three Alpine members earlier mentioned as directors. We determined to purchase a Hamilton Tow and, as usual, the immediate problem was finance. This elusive commodity was acquired by our joint contributions and the practice of a polite species of highway robbery, brow beating and moral suasion on our unfortunate friends. In all there were over fifty shareholders of touching faith.

Nobody ever expected that the company would pay a dividend. Their expectations were absolutely correct.

The Hamilton tow consisted of an endless one inch diameter sisal rope passing over pulleys, mounted on brackets adjustable in height to cope with varying snow depths. The pulley brackets were attached to nine inch steel pipes some 20 feet high, set at appropriate intervals down the slope. A 'nut cracker' attached to a waist belt, clipped onto the moving rope. These waist belts were fabricated from old war time aircraft belts. Power was derived from a 28 Horsepower, 6 cylinder, Bedford Truck motor, located in an engine house just below the road. The engine house also provided accommodation for the tow operator in separate living quarters.

A certain skill was required whilst stationary and awaiting uphill transport to clip the nut cracker onto the moving rope. Failure to adequately connect, or careless ski orientation, resulted in undignified collapse or being dragged up the slope on your posterior. Another hazard was the possibility of loose clothing being wrapped up in the moving rope. On its upward journey the rope sometimes revolved slowly compounded with forward motion. Legend has it that a lady of superb physical charms became thus caught up. First the parka was shed, then the pullover and finally the shirt. The tow operator, a man of rigid moral principles, is alleged to have stopped the tow some distance from the expectant uphill onlookers. This allowed the deprived damsel to fade gracefully into the bushes. Topless skiers were rare in those days.

Despite these hazards the ascent out of the Drag was reduced from 40 minutes on climbing skins to about 4 minutes over 770 vertical feet, the rope tow carrying ten skiers upwards at a time. Initially, there was much debate amongst the directors on a suitable location. After all, the tow was to be the longest in Australia at that time and the first at Hotham. The chosen site was on a slope now occupied by the Blue Ribbon chair lift and effectively serviced the Drag, Blue Ribbon and the Wood Run downhill descents. The final location was surveyed and cleared during the weekend of 16th and 17th February 1952.

An alternative site was considered near the later situation of the Brockhoff Tow. This was ruled out partly because of doubts if a rope tow and passengers could negotiate a bend in the tow line, obviously needed at this location because of the terrain. It is of interest to note that during our explorations in the valley around this area we discovered a small grass grown flat on which could still be seen the outline of a log cabin. The outline was nothing more than moss lines with cross-over points at four corners. We surmised that it had once been an overseer's quarters when the water race to Brandy Creek Mine was under construction in the sixties of the last [19th] century. Today, of course, the water race, partly dug into the hillside and partly supported by stone escarpments, is a convenient track for skiers passing between runs off Loch Spur.

The company was unique in that the Directors were also the installation engineers, fabricators and general labourers. A shop steward of the Builders Labourers Federation would have been completely non-plussed. A major labour was pole erection, much of it over a rock scree slope. In some locations base holes had to be blasted out of the rocky soil. Hamish Pearson was O/C gelignite and he developed a playful habit of letting off a charge with scant warning. If one was working down the pole line the drill, on hearing the explosion, was to immediately cease all activities and gaze intently at the blue sky. Thus the observer skipped nimbly aside to avoid falling rocks descending out of the heavens.

To assist in correct installation, we imported a New Zealander, one Snowy Hansen, to supervise the project. Snowy was a man of iron nerve, having been in a Bomb Disposal unit at the Middle East Front during the 1939-1945 war. However, like many New Zealanders, he had somewhat of a complex about snakes - New Zealand is free from these reptiles. On arriving at Melbourne Airport his anxious queries concerning snakes at Hotham were soothed by soft and oblique answers. Even we did not then know that the Blue Ribbon scree slope housed a significant number of tiger snakes and copperheads.

Snowy was installed at Hotham and all was peace and joy until one day he noticed various directors at work down the scree slope suddenly leaping downward or sideways for no apparent reason. Naturally he queried this eccentric behaviour and, perforce, we had to tell him about the snakes. His immediate reaction was to arm himself with a pale blue broom handle as a defensive weapon. This never left his side and rumour has it that he even took the broom handle to bed with him! Our duplicity pained him and he sorrowfully stated that 'if he had known he would not have left New Zealand'. Fortunately nobody was bitten and it is probable Hamish Pearson's mighty gelignite blasts dispersed the snakes to more peaceful quarters.

The tow commenced operation in the winter of 1952 and gave many years of service until 1965. Subsequently Ski Tows Ltd. was disposed of to Desmond Schuman. It was the forerunner of the network of chairlifts, pomas and T-bars now reticulating over Hotham slopes.

12. Mt Mawson

Lift name Type Operated Length/Vert Location Notes
Cuming Rope tow 1958 - 1960 153 / ? Golden Stairs - Picnic Boulder Owned by Harold Cuming. Burnt Jan 1961
Mawson Nutcracker 1963 - present 198 / 50 - Extended in 1982. Most southerly ski lift in Australia
University Nutcracker 1968 - present 250 / 58 - Length & vertical figures may not be accurate as Mawson seems to be longer
Rodway Nutcracker 1973 - present 275 / 80 Eastern end of Rodway Range Reputedly the steepest ski lift in Australia
Beginners Handle tow 1960s - early 90s 70 / 15 Between Mawson & University Operated in conjunction with Sitzmark. When they closed, so did the tow

Unlike Ben Lomond in northern Tasmania, Mt Mawson never developed into a modern ski resort. It is the last 'club field' in Australia that is still open to the public. (Although three club run nutcracker tows still operate in Victoria and a club owned Poma plus a handle tow operate at Cabramurra in NSW and there are plenty of club fields in New Zealand.)

The lifts are operated by volunteers drawn from the seven clubs with lodges on the mountain. In recent years they have only operated on weekends, although in the past they ran midweek during school holidays. Rodway is probably the steepest surface lift in Australia, but it often doesn't operate even when other lifts are open. This is due to shortages of volunteer lift operators and ski patrollers as well as government restrictions on summer grooming to remove rocks and scrub, meaning a heavy snow cover is often needed for the lift to run.

Resort website

Click for resort map showing the day shelters, three ski tows and seven club lodges.

© David Sisson 2007 - 2019. This list was first published on 25 July 2007 and has been updated regularly since then.

13. New South Wales, outside resorts

Location Owner Operated Name Notes
Main Range Ski Tourers Assoc 1954 - 1956 Northcote Tow Hamilton Tow. c.500/160. Blew up. Parts used to build Crackenback nutcracker at Thredbo
Main Range Ski Tourers Assoc 1957 - 1958? Albina T-bar Info in Cross Australian skiing: the first 100 years & Southwell-Keely Highway to Heaven. p.58
Diggers Creek Hotel Kosciusko Late 1940's?-51? Port rope tow Kerry Course, dates uncertain. Johnny Abbotsmith, moved to Perisher after hotel fire
Diggers Creek Tony Sponar 1960 - ? Poma Kerry Course, near Sponar's Lakeside Inn. Promomotional film of its operation
Kosciusko Road Unknown 1950's Port rope tow North of Kosci Rd between Sponars & Smiggins, probably Abbotsmith's portable tow
Kiandra Wally Reed c.1945- 1956 - Township Hill, 60 m long
Kiandra Kiandra S.C. 1957 - c.1977 T-bar 550 m. Township Hill, moved to other side of hill in '61, later moved to Selwyn
Kiandra Tumut Ski Club 1958 - c,1977 Rope tow New Chum Hill, lift originally located at Kings Cross
Kiandra Colin Myers ?60's -late 70's Rope tow -
Unknown location Tumut Ski Club 1949 - ? Rope tow Had 8 hp Ford engine. Refered to in Ski Horizon April 1950. p. 6.
Rules Point Tumut Ski Club 1951 - ? Rope tow Refered to in Ski Horizon June 1951. p. 2.
Kings Cross Tumut Ski Club 1954 - 1957 Rope tow Half way between Kiandra & Selwyn, moved to New Chum Hill, Kiandra
Kings Cross Cabramurra Ski Club 1961 - c.1970 - One source says after closing this tow used to extend the SMA Tate tow at Guthega, but dates clash
Cabramurra Cabramurra Ski Club 1955 - c.1974? Village Tow Built 1954 but didn't operate. Some material donated by SMHEA. Extended 56 & 60
Cabramurra Cabramurra Ski Club? 1960's - c.2016? Handle tow Operated by Cabramurra Ski Club. Operation suspended, apparently at the behest of Snowy Hydro.
Cabramurra Cabramurra Ski Club c.1975? - c.2016? Village Poma Replaced Village rope tow. Operation suspended in about 2016, apparently at the behest of Snowy Hydro.
Round Mountain Corryong S. C.? 1960's?- 1970's? - Some poles remain
Tooma Dam: Montagues Hut  ? 1960's?- 1970's? - Pulleys attached to trees, dismantled each year

All non resort lifts in NSW were probably nutcrackers or rope tows except the Lake Albina T-bar, Sponar's Poma, the Cabramurra Poma and handle tow and the Kiandra T-bar. Thanks to Craig Doubleday for his reports on sites near Selwyn Snowfields and the Northcote Tow. Thanks also to Kerry Symes for an email about the rope tow between Sponars and Smiggins.

The tow building activities in the 1950s around the Kings Cross - Selwyn area are a little confusing. An example is that the May 1954 issue of Ski Horizon reports that the Cabramurra Ski Club built a tow with 700 feet of vertical 'from the foot of a long valley'. But it is difficult to work out precisely where that tow was. The Tumut Ski Club appears to have built four tows (or possibly moved existing tows?), but again, I have unable to work out the details. If you have any further information, please email australianmountains at Thanks.

© David Sisson 2007 - 2019. This list was first published on 24 July 2007 and has been updated regularly since then.

14. Perisher (including Smiggin Holes, Guthega and Blue Cow)

Lift name Type Manufacturer Operated Length/Vert Location Notes
Perisher Valley .
? Rope tow - 1952 - 1955? - ? Johnny Abbotsmith, moved from Hotel Kosci after it burnt down
Big Tow aka Tow Hut Tow Nutcracker - 1955 - 1961? 600 / 182 North Perisher Cost £7,500. Perisher Valley Enterprises (Sverre Kaaten) Photo
Village Rope tow - 1956 - 1959? - b/w Cronulla & Telemark J. Abbotsmith, moved 1957? & 59? Replaced by Sundeck T-bar
Cooma Ski Club Tow Rope tow - c.1958 - 59? - Cooma S.C. lodge Cooma Ski Club. Bought by Ken Murray and demolished
Sundeck (No. 1) T-bar Gam-Ski Tows 1959 - ? - Below Sundeck Hotel Cost £5,000. Ken Murray’s “Murray Publishers”
Mt Perisher Double 2-Chair-F Mueller + 1961 - present 1075/ 275 - Mueller supplied plans & grips. Built & fabricated by Transfield Cost £80k. Chairs replaced circa 2016
? No. 2? T-bar Gam-Ski Tows 1962 - ? - - Replaced Village tow
Big Tow T-bar - 1962 - ? - North Perisher Kaaten. Replaced the Big Tow, sold to K. Murray for '63 season
Sundeck Poma Poma - 1963 - ? - Tom Thumb area -
Lawson (No. 6) T-bar Doppelmayr 1963 - present 540 / 125 - -
Blaxland (No. 5) Duplex T-bar Doppelmayr 1963 - present 510 / 110 - Duplex with Wentworth
Sturt (No. 4) T-bar Doppelmayr 1964 - present 470 / 50 -
Flat T-bar - ? - c.1976 - Perisher Creek Used to access North Perisher
North Perisher T-bar - 1968 - present 565 / 175 - -
Mitchell (No. 1) T-bar - 1968 - present 420 / 70 - -
Sun Valley T-bar - 1969 - present 530 / 165 - -
Wentworth (No. 5A) Duplex T-bar Doppelmayr 1969 - present 510 / 110 - Duplex with Blaxland
Olympic T-bar - 1973 - present 345 / 65 Above Sun Valley Cornered T-Bar, accessing difficult terrain
Eyre T-bar - 1974 - present 735 / 205 On Mt Perisher Built summer of 1972-3, first ran 74. Furthest west lift in Perisher
Flinders (No. 3) Duplex T-bar - <1976 - 2002 545 / 100 - Duplex with Bass, replaced by Village 8
Bass (No. 2) Duplex T-bar - <1976 - 2002 420 / 100 - Duplex with Flinders, replaced by Village 8
Leichhardt (No. 7) T-bar - 1976 - 2018 540 / 40 - Often called The Self Loader by those who recalled when it was. To be replaced by quad chair in 2019
Back Perisher 3-Chair-F ? 1976 - 1985 ? / ? - Opened by Tamie Fraser, wife of the Prime Minister. Replaced by Perisher Express
International T-bar - 1977 - present 890 / 255 Between Eyre & Mt P double -
Tom Thumb J-bar - 1977 - present 145 / 20 - May have been a T-bar circa 1983. Length/Vertical also reported as 140 / 55
Pretty Valley 2-Chair-F - 1978 - present 990 / 153 - -
Pretty Valley 3-Chair-F - 1978?-1985? 1707/ 264 - Moved to Mt Dobson NZ, replaced by Perisher Exp Photo
Mt Perisher Triple 3-Chair-F - 1979 - present 1230/ 280 On Mt Perisher -
Happy Valley T-bar - 1979 - present 697 / 111 - Ext by 90m in 2010. Eviro Effect Statement Was 608/96
Home Handle Tow - 1982 - 2018 - - To be replaced by a quad that also replaces Leichhardt
Telemark Poma - <1976 - 1981 240 / ? - Moved to Selwyn where it operates as Home Run Poma
Telemark T-bar - 1982 - present 455 / 65 - -
Piper Poma - <1976-1981 - Same as Piper T-bar Marked on '76 trail map, replaced by T-bar. Poma was moved to Selwyn where it operates as Powerline
Piper T-bar - 1982 - present 640 / 70 - Built on site of a Poma
Perisher Exp /Freelander/Forester 4-Chair-D - 1986 - present 1540 / ? - Changes names according to sponsorship
Interceptor 4-Chair-F - 1995 - present 862 / ? - Connects Perisher Valley to Blue Cow area
Village 8 8-Chair-D Doppelmayr 2003 - present 548 / 104 - Speed 5.0 metres per second. Replaced Flinders and Bass T-bars
Borer Portable rope tow - < 1983 > - - -
Ski Carpet Carpet - ? - present - - -
Ski School Rope Tow - ? - 2007 - - -
Ski School 2 Carpet - 2007 - present - - -
Kids Carpet 1 Carpet - ? - present - - -
Kids Carpet 2 Carpet - ? - present - - -
Carousel Carousel Sunkid 2012 - present - - Manufactured by the Austrian company Sunkid.
Leichhardt 4-Chair-F Doppelmayr 2019 - present 490 / 121 - Replaced Leichhardt T-bar. Has load conveyer similar to Freedom quad at Guthega. Lift price not disclosed but lift & nearby snow making = $4.2 million
Planned lift -
Mt Perisher 6 or 8 chair Announced '08 - Mt Perisher To replace 2 old chairs
Smiggin Holes . -
Ski Haven Tow Rope tow - 1952 - 1959 -  ? Johnny Abbotsmith, moved to Guthega
? Poma - 1960 - ? - - Moved slightly in 1961 to where Cook J-bar now is
No. 1? T-bar - 1961 - 1968? - Replaced by Burke/Wills duplex -
? T-bar - 1963 - ? - B/w the a lifts above -
? T-bar Mueller 1961 -present - Mt Piper Possibly move this to Perisher section?
Link T-bar - 1964 - present 610 / 130 -
Hume T-bar - 1964 - present 520 / 80 -
Burke Duplex T-bar Doppelmayr 1968 - present 610 / 155 - Duplex with Wills
Wills Duplex T-bar Doppelmayr 1969 - present 610 / 155 - Duplex with Burke
Scott J-bar - 1973 - present 280 / 35 - Converted from a Poma pre 1983
Captain Cook J-bar - 1975 - present 275 / 35 - Converted from a Poma pre 1983
Kaaten 3-Chair-F Doppelmayr 1979 - present 477 / 85 - -
Ski School ? - ? - ? - - -
Harry’s Rope tow - ? - 2007 - - -
Herman’s Rope tow - ? - 2007 - - -
Zappy’s Rope tow - ? - 2008 - - -
Zoe’s Carpet - ? - present - - -
Harry's & Herman's Carpet - 2008 - present - - -
Guthega . -
SMA Tow Nutcracker - 1957 - 1965 800 / 330 Mt Tate East Ridge Island Bend Ski Club. Extended 1960 & 63, burnt 1965
Beginners Tow Rope Tow - 1961 - 1975 - Above Walter's Hut Ex Ski Haven Tow at Smiggins Cost £600. YMCA SC then W. Spanring
Blue Calf T-bar Pomagalski 1965 - 1980? - Western Blue Calf slopes Poma brand T-bar. Walter Spanring
Cow Pastures or Powder Val? Rope tow Bruckschloegl 1976 - 1981 - Near Cow Pastures Bruckschloegl Austrian tow
Beginners? Rope tow Bruckschloegl 1976 - ? - Near Cow Pastures -
Blue Cow T-bar McCallum 1976 - 1980 - Mt Blue Cow McCallum brand, ex Mt Buller. Replaced in 1981
Blue Cow T-bar Doppelmayr 1981 - present 670 / 149 Mt Blue Cow Replaced the 1976 T-bar
Cow Pastures J-bar Doppelmayr 1981 - 2013 320 / 70 Cowpastures basin Replaced by Freedom fixed grip quad chair
Blue Calf T-bar - 1981 - present 570 / 133 - Built as a duplex T-bar
Beginners Rope tow - 1982 - ? 150 / 10 Top of chair (Saddle area) Cow Pastures tow relocated after J-Bar built
Beginners J-bar - < 1983 > 140 / 30 Off home run Served runs named Romeo, Juliet and Fred
Car Park 2-Chair-F Doppelmayr 1982 - present 610 / 130 Carpark-base Mt Blue Cow -
Rope Tow 1 - - <1992 - 1993? - - -
Rope Tow 2 - - <1992 - 1993? - - -
Freedom 4-Chair-F Doppelmayr 2014 - present  825 / 200 - Speed 2.0 metres per second. Announcement Replaced & extended Cow Pastures. Has a load carpet
Blue Cow . -
Ski Tube Rack railway - 1988 - present 8500/ 755 Bullock's Flat - Blue Calf Official webpage, Tunnels webpage, Wikipaedia
Ridge 4-Chair-F - 1987 - present 1074 / ? - -
Summit 4-Chair-F - 1987 - present 612 / ? - -
Early Starter 2-Chair-F - 1987 - present 296 / ? - -
Terminal 4-Chair-F - 1987 - present 547 / ? - -
Pleasant Valley 4-Chair-D - 1987 - present 1193 / ? - -
Brumby T-bar - 88><92- present 487 / ? - Moved from Guthega - formerly ½ of Blue Calf Duplex
Pony Ride 1 Rope tow - 88><92- present - - -
Pony Ride 2 Rope tow - >92 - present - - Previously named Ski School?
Donkey Ride ? - >92 - ? - - -

It has been difficult to sort out often conflicting anecdotal stories about lifts at Perisher Valley and Smiggins up to the mid 1960's, so any help with this would be greatly appreciated.

Perisher Valley Unlike many resorts that have replaced lifts on the same site several times, Perisher has stuck with many original lifts and a lot of them are over 50 years old. By 1964 Perisher had 12 lifts and by 1972 there were 14 lifts. Ken Murray sold the resort to Australian Consolidated Press after the 1972 ski season. Originally, the Perisher T-bars on Front and Centre Valleys were not named. Number 1 was Wentworth on Front Valley, and they were numbered consecutively westward to what is now Leichhardt. The Mt Perisher T-bars, Sun Valley, International, Olympic and Eyre have always had those names. Current Perisher and Guthega trail maps.

Guthega. For an updated history of Guthega and its ski lifts, see Guthega History on Wikiski.

Mergers. Perisher and Smiggins merged after the 1972 ski season. Blue Cow and Guthega merged in 1991 (as ‘Alpine Australia Group’ under the ownership of Transfield Kumagai). Both these combined companies in turn merged to become Perisher Blue in 1995. In 2009 'Blue' was deleted from the resort name and it became just 'Perisher'.
In 2015 the unified resort was bought by Vail Resorts for A$176.6 million. Vail Resorts also owns the lift companies at Falls Creek and Mt Hotham in Victoria, Whistler Blackcomb in Canada and 33 resorts of varying sizes in the United States.

Perisher. Thanks to "VSG", "Ian S", "Golds70", "shadow1" and especially the person who wishes to remain anonymous who supplied many of the dates

Guthega. Thanks to "Atlantisau" for contributions that helped to untangle the confusion of hearsay and conflicting information.

More on the history of the greater Perisher area:

Peter Southwell-Keely. Highway to heaven: a history of Perisher and the ski resorts along the Kosciuszko Road. Perisher Historical Society, 2013. Some of the information on early lifts conflicts with other sources.

- Appendix F, pp. 249 - 251 lists all club and commercial lodges built in the area (although it excludes staff accommodation, retail premises, etc.)

© David Sisson 2007 - 2019. This list was first published on 20 August 2007 and has been updated regularly since then.

15. Selwyn Snow Resort

Lift name Type Operated Length/Vert Location Notes
? Rope tow 1961? - ? - - John and Helen Dowling, tow formerly ran in the A.C.T.
The Quarry Rope tow 1966 - ? - Township run Colin Myers.
Car park 2 x rope < 1983 > 250 / 27 South of Selwyn Centre -
Beginners 2 x rope < 1983 > 200 / 20 Near New Chum chair site -
Township 1 T-bar 1972 - 2008 500 / 75 - Moved from Perisher. Replaced by Township chair in 2009
Township 2 T-bar 1978 - 2008 500 / 75 - Moved from Kiandra. Replaced by Township chair in 2009
Bullock Head Poma < 1983 > 450 / 90 North of Selwyn Centre -
Racecourse Poma < 1983 > 500 / 110 - -
Racecourse T-bar <1984 - present - - -
Ski School Rope tow <1984 - present - - -
New Chum 2-Chair-F 1988 - present - - -
Powerline Rope tow < 1983 > 300 / 42 - -
Powerline Poma c.1984 - present - - Moved from Perisher where it ran as Mt Piper Poma. Was to be replaced by an extension of triple chair, but it never happened
Homerun Poma ? - present - - -
Boomerang Platter ? - present - - -
Home Run Poma 1983 or 84 - present - - Moved from Perisher where it was originally Telemark Poma
Snowflake Snowtube ? - present - - -
Wombat Rope tow < 1983 > 250 / 35 - -
Wombat T-bar <1984 - present - - Converted to snowtube circa 2003, back to T-bar 2009
Gentle Annie Carpet ? - present - - -
unknown ? <1998 - ? B/w Ski Sch & Home Run -
Township 3-Chair-F 2009 - present 709 / ? Township Buller's Helicopter Flat / ABOM chair relocated

Either Powerline or Homerun Poma was moved from Smiggins. Colin Myers and his family built and operated all tows on Mt Selwyn from 1966 to 2015. In October 2015 it was announced that the resort had been sold to the Blyton Group, owners of Charlotte Pass. More information on dates of lift construction would be appreciated. Current trail map.

In the past there were 11 other lifts nearby at: Kiandra (4), Tumut Ski Club (1) Kings Cross (1), Cabramurra (3), Round Mountain (1) and Tooma Dam (1). All were removed long ago except a Poma and a handle tow at Cabramurra.

© David Sisson 2007 - 2019. This list was first published on 12 August 2007 and has been updated regularly since then.

16. Tasmania: proposed ski resorts and proposed gondolas

Proposed Tasmanian ski resorts

Location Date Proposed Notes
Mt Rufus Late 1940's Rufus Ski Club. Work began on two lifts but was never completed
Black Bluff 1960 Part of Ellis brothers scheme to build a chalet & 16 cabins at Lake Lea near Cradle Mountain
Mt Rufus 1971 Planned to include a gondola, 4 chairlifts and 2 pomas. Access from Lake St Clair area
Florentine Peak Early 1970's Proposed resort development with several lifts. May have been intended to link with Mt Mawson club field
Mt Wellington 1993 Planned as part of a $31 million, fourth scheme to build a Mt Wellington cable car. The ski field was to be at the back of the mountain

Proposed lifts for Mt Rufus c. 1971. Click to enlarge

Despite a number of proposals, there have been no successful attempts to build ski lifts at locations other than the ski resort at Ben Lomond and the club field at Mt Mawson. More information would be appreciated, especially for Florentine Peak or either Mt Rufus proposal.

Proposed Tasmanian ropeways (gondolas, funiculars and aerial trams)

Location Date Proposed Notes
(1) Mt Wellington 1905 "Aerial railway" from The Springs to Pinnacle, planned by Arnold Wertheimer
(2) Mt Wellington 1931 "Aerial cable tramway". The Springs was to be the base station
(3) Mt Wellington 1987 A 4.6 km 'skyway' with Cascade Brewery to be the base station, proposed by Tim Burbury
(4) Mt Wellington 1993, 2004 - 10 Extensive revisions of Burburys plan. to be part of a $31 million, fourth scheme to build a Mt Wellington cable car. The ski field was to be at the back of the mountain
(5) Mt Wellington 2012 - present Initially planned from the Springs, then Cascade, final submission is from Springs again. Cascade plan was for gondola on lower third of route with aerial tram above. Final plan is for aerial tram the whole way. The promoter is Adrian Bold
Mt Roland Current Proposes an aerial tram
Launceston 2015 - 2016 Would have run from Penny Royal - First Basin of Cataract Gorge. Newspaper report
Maydena c.2005- 2007 Maydena Hauler funicular railway was based on success of Forestry Tas tourist developments such as Tahune Airwalk & Dismall Swamp
Cradle Valley 2015 - present Gondola proposed to replace shuttle buses from Visitor Centre to Dove Lake. Road would be closed to all but PWS vehicles

There are a surprising number of proposals for Tasmanian gondolas and aerial trams at the moment. Of course, obtaining funding and then passing innumerable bureaucratic, legal, environmental and most of all political obstacles are the big problems for the proponents. The ones most likely to be built are probably the Mt Wellington aerial tram and the Cradle Valley gondola. A brief 2017 article covering most of the historic proposals for Mt Wellington can be found here. It includes a 3 minute video of the 1987 plan.

17. Thredbo

Lift name Type Manufacturer Operated Length/Vert Location Notes
Crackenback Nutcracker Various 1957 only c.800/ 287 Mid half of Kosci Express Cost £1870, used parts of Northcote Tow *
Gam Tow T-bar John Gam 1957 - ? 275 / 76 Below C/back nutcracker Light & underpowered. Probably 1957 only
Crackenback / Chairlift 1 2-Chair-F Mueller / Riblet 1958 - 1989 1835/ 560 Same as Kosci Express Originally to Kareela, lengthened 1962. Orig vertical = 435 m. *
? Rope tow - 1958 - 1963 . ? / 122 Kareela - Upper C/back Relocated 1957 Crackenback nutcracker lift
Middle T-bar - 1962 - 1967 - Middle Snowgums Later moved to Merrits, renamed Ski School
? Rope tow - 1963? - Upper Snowgums Original Crackenback rope tow moved again
Basin T-bar - 1963 - present 650 / 145 In Basin, top of mountain -
Ramshead / Chairlift 2 2-Chair-F Riblet 1963 - 2011 1770/ 480 Base to bottom of Basin Top stat moved uphill, orig prone to drifts. Notice of closure
? Rope tow - 1964 - 1967 - B/w Kosi Ex & Ramshead 4th location for 1957 Crackenback rope tow
Merritts / Chairlift 3 2-Chair-F Civil & Civic using Riblet design & parts 1968 - 2019 1350/ 299 Base area to Merritts Speed 2.5 m/s. New Dopp drive in 2003
Merritts Duplex 1 T-bar - 1968 - 1994 696 / 162 Merritts, Walkabout run Replaced by Cruiser Chair
Merritts Duplex 2 T-bar - 1968 - 1994 753 / 180 Merritts, Walkabout run Replaced by Cruiser Chair
Ski School / Easy Rider T-bar - 1968 - present now 275/65 Merritts Spur Shortened & renamed in 1995. Originally 410/80
Anton's T-bar - 1977 - present 800 / 230 Central Spur Originally self-loading (= chaos)
Harusch? Rope tow - 1978 - 1995 - Valley Terminal -
Harusch 100 Rope tow - < 1982 > 220 / 15 Beyond Harusch 500 -
Harusch 500 Rope tow - < 1982 > 131 / 15 Top C/back - top of Basin -
Harusch 1000 Rope tow - 1978 - 1995 148 / 40 West of Merrits T-bars Under Merritts top station, remains still visible in 2006
Mitey Mite Rope tow - < 1982 > 163 / 28 Merritts Spur May have been a handle tow rather than a rope tow?
Karel's T-bar Doppelmayr 1979 - present 464 / 83 - Highest remaining ski lift in Aust
Sponar's T-bar - 1979 - present 942 / 260 Central Spur -
Snowgums / Chairlift 4 2-Chair-F Doppelmayr 1980 - present 1735/ 472 Parallels Kosci Express Fastest chair in Aust when opened
Gunbarrel Express 4-Chair-D Doppelmayr 1988 - present 1679/ 426 - -
Easy Does It 4-Chair-F Doppelmayr 1988 - present 448 / 49 Friday Flat -
Crackenback/Kosciusko Exp 4-Chair/Gond-D Doppelmayr 1990 - present 1860/ 560 - Replaced original Crackenback chair, renamed 2001
Cruiser 4-Chair-D Doppelmayr 1994 - present 1000/ 214 Merritts Spur Superseded Merrits duplex T Bar.
Snowrunner 1 Carpet - 2000 - present . 80 / 13 Friday Flat -
Sundowner / Snowrunner 2 Carpet - 2000 - present . 85 / 10 Friday Flat -
The Burrow Enclosed carpet - 2013 - present . ? / ? Friday Flat -
Proposed lifts .
Twin Valleys ? - 1983 plan - Nth east of Friday Flat -
High Noon Sextuple chair - 2006 plan - Upper slopes -
Golf Course Bowl Chairlift - 2006 plan - Upper slopes c.1820 - c.2030 metres
Lower Golf Course Chairlift - 2006 plan - 9th hole-mid Ramshd Chair -
Golf Course Beginners  ? - 2006 plan - Near Crackenback estate -
Fiveways T-bar - 2006 plan - 500 m west of Sponars -
New Kosciusko Express 6-Chair-D - 2006 plan - - Replace & extend current quad
The 2006 proposal for new lifts at Thredbo

The 2006 proposal for new lifts at Thredbo

See the Charlotte Pass section for details of the two chairlifts that operated between Thredbo Valley and Charlotte Pass in 1964 and 1965.

Crackenback nutcracker, double chair and chondola

This profile is being expanded and rewritten. Complete by late Oct 2018

Other major ski reports took years to consolidate after they were established before they built their first ski lift, (Mt Hotham began in 1925 but didn’t have a lift until 1952). But Thredbo was different. In the first winter accommodation was available they had two ski lifts. One was an unreliable T-bar, but the other was the longest ski lift in the country.

This was partly because Thredbo was the last resort to be established in Australia but mostly because of the terms of the lease. Its founders were required to build a chairlift and a hotel with X00 beds within ?5? years. So there was no opportunity to build a basic lodge and let demand slowly build, Thredbo’s founders had to build a fully operational ski resort and build it much faster than any other resort in the country. So they hit the ground running.

In [month] 1957 the syndicate built a basic lodge and installed the Crackenback tow.

However the enormous capital required to meet the requirements of the lease was beyond the syndicates means and in 196X they sold their operation to…


The original Crackenback tow was built from components of the Northcote Tow. Gelignite was used in the Kunama Basin to stop further build up of the avalanche causing snow which had demolished nearby Kunama Lodge. When faulty heating in the Northcote Tow hut caused a minor fire, the occupants bolted outside before the gelignite ignited, blowing the hut to smithereens. But the poles and sheaves were in good condition and these were utilised in the Crackenback tow. The engine for Crackenback was second hand from a rock crusher which had been used on the Snowy Hydro Scheme, the gear wheels and bullwheels were from cranes. The engine was put on a sled and winched itself up to the top station where it was installed in a shed made from bush timber and second hand iron. The lift was designed by Geoffrey Hughes who had been chairman of the Ski Tourers Association's Northcote Tow sub-committee. It cost £1870 to buy and install. After it was replaced by the Crackenback double chairlift, the nutcracker tow was moved up hill to provide access to the higher slopes.

The Crackenback double chair was originally 100% Mueller product, as was the 1962 extension. There were many operating difficulties with the lift including an occasion in 1962 the cable lost tension causing people to fall into the snow. Later the towers and sheaves on the upper section were later replaced with Riblet components due to what was described as 'technical issues' including derailing. The lift was built by Transfield with on mountain transport provided by Helicopter Utilities. The cost (before the extension) was £35,000 (one source says £45,000).

A few areas of this listing are still incomplete. Names are missing for some Thredbo rope tows and dates for a few lifts on the same sites overlap, so they may be a year out. Current and historic trail maps.

Thanks to 'Ian S' for help and to 'Richardo' for details of manufacturers of early chairlifts.

More on Thredbo history.

Jim Darby. Thredbo 50: 1957 to 2007. tSm Publishing, 2006.

Helen Swinbourne. Accordions in the snow gums: Thredbo's early years. Thredbo Historical Society Inc., 2006.

Geoffrey Hughes. Starting Thredbo. The author, 2008. pp. 28 - 33.

Roger Andrew. Thredbo: my story. The author, 2011.

Chas Keys. Thredbo: pioneers, legends, community. Halstead Press, 2017.

© David Sisson 2007 - 2019. This list was first published on 31 July 2007 and has been updated regularly since then.

18. Victoria: outside resorts

Location Type Owner Operated Name Notes
Mt St Bernard Nutcracker Wangaratta Ski Club 1955 - present Mt St Bernard Tow was originally at Bull Run on Mt Buller
Mt St Bernard Nutcracker Wangaratta Ski Club 1958 - present Nursery Tow -
Bogong High Plains Nutcracker Rover Scouts 1968 - present - Langford West Aqueduct. Didn't operate 2003 - 2005
Mt Wills Nutcracker Tallangatta Ski Club 1954-late 90's - 2 km north of summit near club's lodge. Wire rope nutcracker with 28 hp Reo bus engine
Mt Wills Rope tow Tallangatta Ski Club . ? - c.2000 _ Hand help rope tow. Used after club was unable to get insurance for main lift
Dinner Plain Platter Dinner Plain 1985? - present Cobungra Platter 175 m, 18 m rise. Capacity 731 p/h. Formerly at Plains of Heaven, Hotham
Dinner Plain Tubing lift D.P. / Alpine Shire 2015 - present - Ex Mt Buffalo. Delivered to D.P. on 11/12/14
Lake Mountain Carpet The resort 2018 - present . 75 metres long, double width. On Village toboggan run. Made by Team Service
Lake Mountain Carpet The resort 2018 - present . 25 m long. Burton Riglet Park. Used for kids snowboarding instruction. Made by Team Service
Planned lift .
Mt St Gwinear Rope tow . 2009 Portable rope tow Claimed in Warrigul Gazette article in 2009, but no sign of it yet

There is fairly reliable anecdotal evidence for a hand held rope tow operating at Diamantina Hut near Hotham in the late 1960's or early 1970s.  Any conformation of it's existence would appreciated. Solid details such as its route, a map, a photo or printed information would be appreciated even more

© David Sisson 2007 - 2019. This list was first published on 30 July 2007 and has been updated regularly since then.

19. Other passenger ropeways (non snow)

Area Name Type of lift Dates Length/vert Notes
New South Wales .
Sydney Taronga Zoo Gondola 2000?-present Sky Safari Cableway. Web page. Photo gallery on Poma website.
Sydney Former showgrounds Gondola 1970's - 1997 Reinstalled at Wonderland.
Sydney Former showgrounds Double? chair 1960's? -1997 -
Sydney Wonderland theme park 4 pas gondola 1997 - 2002 Ex showgrounds, renamed Skyrider
Sydney Moore Park grass ski Rope tow?  ? - 200? There is a possibility this may have been a chairlift
Kurrajong Grass ski & cart Drag tow? <1983-present Now only carting. link
Camden Razorback Grass Ski  ? < 1983 > Located on Mt Hercules Road
Fernleigh Fernleigh Grass Ski Pk  ?  ? Located on Fernleigh Road
Port Macquarie Grass ski Drag tow?  ? -
Katoomba Skyway Cable car 1958 - 2004 330 / - 270 metres above valley floor. Amusement park directory
Katoomba Scenic Skyway Aerial tram 2004 - present 390 / 15 Doppelmayr & CWA Constructions, partial glass floor. Web page. Amusement park directory. New larger cabin installed 2017. (85 passengers, previously 78). Speed 4 metres per minute from 2017, previously 5 metres a minute
Katoomba Scenic Cableway Aerial tram 2000 - present 545 / 216 Doppelmayr. Known as Sceniscender 2000 - 2004. Renamed "Scenic Flyway" 2004 to late 2005. "Scenic Cableway" 2005 - present. New, larger cabin for 84 people installed 2018. Speed 5 metres per second. Web page. Amusement park listing
Katoomba Scenic Railway Incline elevator 1994 - 2013 310 / 206 Hybrid funicular & cable haulage, single track with an aerial counter weight. Steepest incline lift in the world. First built 1878, passengers from 1928. Different parts were renewed at various times, but totally rebuilt in 2013
Katoomba Scenic Railway Incline elevator 2013 -present 310 / 206 Single track, cable hauled. Rebuilt rebuilt by Doppelmayr-Garaventa 2013, new cars by CWA. Web page. Amusement park lising
Wollongong Jamberoo Action Park Double chair 1980 - present 500 / 130 Part of former Charlotte Pass - Thredbo Valley chairlift. Lift history & Amusement park directory
near Urunga & Mylestom Grass skiing c.1982 . .
Ettomogah Grass skiing Platter < early 90s > . Powered by a tractor, platters built from PVC plumbing fittings. Slalom races were held
Albury * Grass ski/wheeled toboggan ? 86 or 7 - 2006 At Great Aussie Holiday Park To be recommissioned in 2013 for mountain bikes
Jindera . Quad chair 2018 - present 400 / 70 Private chairlift with six towers
Victoria .
Melbourne Showgrounds Double chair 1975? - 2005 549 metres Removed during major redevelopment when part of the site was sold.
Montrose Fox's Point Scenic Railway Funicular r/way 1956 - 1962/3 3 rail & passing loop, 34m vertical, 45° angle. More information and photos
Dromana Arthur's Seat Double chair 1960 - 2003 950 /225 Cost £20,000. Speed 0.8 metres a second. Made by Australasian Ropeway (Dr Vladimir Hayek). 11/01/1961 promo video Rebuilt 2003 - 2004
Dromana Arthur's Seat Double chair 2004 - 2006 950 / 225 Speed 0.8 m/s. The website is still available
Dromana Eagle Skylift Arthur's Seat 8 pas gondola 3 Dec 2016 1030 / 231 Speed = 3 metres per second. 1,130 passengers per hour. Announced 30 Oct 2010 Cost $5 million. Herald Sun article Age article. Web page
Portsea Back Beach Double chair 1962- c.1971 Built by Ron McCallum. Article. Photo. Colour promotional photo
Frankston Whistle Stop Amusement Pk Double chair 1969 - 1970 Land in Skye Rd sold & redeveloped, lift relocated to Carribean Gardens
Scoresby Carribean Gardens Double chair c1970-present Built by Ron McCallum. The Frankston chairlift relocated
Torquay Grass Ski Torquay Handle tow? 1980's Located on Duffields Road
Marysville Marysville Fun Park  ? < 1983 > Grass skiing. Located on Buxton Road
Yinnar South Dunalton Grass Ski Rope tow 1970's - >1983 Located on Brewster Road
Rubicon Hydro Scheme Tracked cable haulage 1927 -c.1999 Only timber / hydro funicular or cable haulage to regularly take passengers. Now unused
Tasmania .
Hobart Showgrounds Double chair c.1980-c.2009 Made by Dr Vladimir Hayek's Australasian Ropeway
Hobart Hobart Grass Ski Centre  ? < 1983 > Austins Ferry
Launceston Cataract Gorge Double chair 1972 - present 457 / - Claimed longest chairlift span in world (308 m), builder Australasian Ropeway. Web page
Launceston Cataract Gorge Incline elevator 2009 - present ? / - Inclinator. Track runs parallel to long staircase, assists the disabled (or lazy). Builder P.R. King & Sons. Inclinator Web page Cost $2.31 million
Stanley The Nut Double chair c1988-present 250 / 95 Web page. Lift previously located at Mt Baw Baw
Queenstown Double chair 1995 - 2001 Built 1994, opened May 1995. It was hoped to boost tourism as the mine wound down, but was not a huge success. Controverially sold to NZ company and removed, although what happened to it is unclear. Photo.
South Australia .
Adelaide Mt Thebarton Conveyor/carpet 1987 - 2005 c. 120 metres World's first indoor ski slope
Adelaide Showgrounds Double chair 1980 - 2002 Installed when Wayville Pavilion built, ran from Northern gate to east of oval
Kersbrook Kersbrook Grass Ski Pk Drag tow? < 1983 > Located on Kersbrook Road
Adelaide Grass ski park  ? 1980's? Unconfirmed second grass ski park. A Burnside Grass Ski Centre also existed, these might have been the same place?
Victor Harbour Granite Island Double chair 1964 - 1996 Link to dates
Western Australia .
Perth Showgrounds Double chair 1971 or 72- pres 546 / - Built by McCallum Engineering. Cost $80,000. Originally named Cambridge Chair Lift after a cigarette brand. In danger of being removed due to planned redevelopment
Wooroloo El Caballo Blanco Double chair >1974-<1993 Current website. Moved to Adventure World
Bibra Lake Adventure World Double chair 1993 - present Sky Lift, 43 chairs, made by Mueller. Amusement park directory
Wanneroo Grass skiing Rope tow 1980's
Queensland .
Brisbane Showgrounds Double chair 1971 - 2009 Made by Australasian Ropeway. Removed when showgrounds redeveloped
Brisbane Samford Grass Ski Pk  ? 1983 - 1993 link.
Brisbane World Expo '88 Double chair 1988 Provided a 10 minute ride throught Swiss pavillion, outside to a park, travelled over a Von Roll monorail. Any more info such as the manufacturer, length, etc. would be appreciated
Brisbane World Expo '88 Handle tow 1988 40 / 9 Operated on indoor ski slope in Swiss pavilion. Photo below. Any more information such as the manufacturer, length, etc. would be appreciated
Gold Coast Magic Mountain Double chair 1962 - 1987 Reinstalled at Dreamworld
Gold Coast Dreamworld Double chair 1989 - 2005 312 / - Skylink ex Magic Mountain. Designed by Ferrari Engineering Australia, 38 chairs. Parkz Web page.
Gold Coast Sea World Open pulsed gondola 1989 - 2015 480 / - Sky High Skyway. 4 Pass gondola. Parkz directory says made by Arrow Dynamics, a roller coaster maker, but reliable source informs me made by Ferrari Eng to Doppelmayr design
Woombye Grass skiing ? ? Apparently it didn't last long. Located on Kerlin Lane Woombye
Mt Bellenden Ker Telecommunications Open gondola 1971?-present 5229 / ? Maker, Waagner Biro. Used by Broadcast Aust. Provides access to antenna on summit. Photo
Kareeya Power Station . Aerial tram 1957 - present Near Tully. Used by Stanwell.
Caravonica-Red Peak Skyrail 6 seat gondola 1995 - present Combined 2 separate cableways, total 114 cars, capacity 700 hour. website
Red Peak - Kuranda Skyrail 6 seat gondola 1995 - present = 7.5 km 2 separate cableways, built by Leitner-Poma. website

1978 postcard of Granite Island chairlift near Victor Harbour

In addition to these passenger lifts, there were dozens of aerial freight cableways and hundreds of tracked steep cable haulages built for dam construction, timber harvesting, mining, hydro electricity, etc. Thanks to Pascal Hess who has visited many of the surviving chairlifts and sent me details of them and for his investigation into the Queenstown chairlift.

The chairlift and handle tow that operated for 6 months at Brisbane’s Expo ‘88. Additional information, especially details of who made it appreciated. Click to open in a lightbox.

Expo ‘88, Brisbane

Background. Two lifts operated in the Swiss Pavilion during Expo ‘88 in Brisbane. World expos were exhibitions of the industries and achievements of nations, the first was the Great Exhibition held in London in 1851. They remained popular throughout the 19th and 20th centuries. The eighth “International Exposition”, and the only previous one in Australia, was the Melbourne International Exhibition in 1880 and Brisbane’s expo 108 years later was part of Australia’s bicentennial celebrations. 36 nations, 14 states and provinces and 29 companies and organisations built pavilions on the south bank of the Brisbane River with 16 million people visiting the Expo over the six months it operated.

As a point of difference the 1,453 square metre Swiss pavilion was themed ‘Come along to enjoy skiing’ and included an early indoor ski slopes using artificial snow (the first in the world was Mt Thebarton in Adelaide which opened in 1987). Skiers used a handle tow to ascend a 40 metre long ski run with a 9 metre vertical fall. On Sundays ski races were held, one correspondent with this web page reported that the ‘race course had about 4 gates and took 4-5 seconds. First place apparently was a $800 Swiss watch, second place was a T-shirt. Anyways I've got a T-shirt’. Ski instructors were available to assist Queenslanders unfamiliar with the cool climate sport. Not surprisingly, the handle tow remains the only lift ever used for skiing in Queensland.

Second prize in the Sunday ski races at Expo ‘88 in Brisbane. Photo Tim Moore

Second prize in the Sunday ski races at Expo ‘88 in Brisbane. Photo Tim Moore

The second lift is more interesting, as it was the only chairlift with corners to operate in Australia. Operating at 11 metres above the ground, ts route was a 10 minute circuit beginning outside the Swiss Pavilion, entering the building, passing exhibits before leaving the building, then running through parkland and returning to the starting point. The marketing information said that ‘Visitors will see the variation in Swiss landscapes with the alpine regions especially highlighted’. However an actual visitor described it as being ‘painfully slow with horrendous queues’. But the queues were a sign of its success and the cornered chairlift was a novelty, even to experienced skiers.

The manufacturer of the lifts is unknown, although the Swiss cableway manufacturer Von Roll built the monorail which transported visitors around the huge expo site, so they may have been responsible for the handle tow and cornered chairlift as well. After six months the expo closed, everything was demolished and the site was transformed to become the South Bank Parklands.

Arthurs Seat chairlift (1960)

From 1959 to 1960 Czech migrant engineer Dr Vladimir Hájek built a chairlift at Arthurs Seat on the Mornington Peninsula to the south of Melbourne. He built a house next to it in 1962 and used the area as a base for his company Australasian Ropeways which built several other chairlifts at tourist locations and his Cataract Gorge chairlift at Launceston in Tasmania still operates every day. It appears that none were built at ski resorts.

The 950 metre long chairlift had 60 chairs and cost £20,000 to build, it was only the third chairlift in Australia. It moved at a rather leisurely 0.8 metres a second, a third of the speed of most fixed grip chairlifts at ski resorts. However as it was used for sightseeing, the modest speed was a bonus for passengers who had plenty of time to take in the views of the Mornington Peninsula and Port Phillip.

The chairlift opened in December 1960. It was successful and became an established tourist attraction on the Mornington Peninsula.

Hájek died in 1976 and in 1979 the chairlift was sold to Richard Hudson

Chairlifts were still first generation in those days. So by the time of the first incident in 2003~ish, it was over 40 years old and the design was very archaic

One of my correspondents wrote saying that in the 1990s, his company had been trying to buy it for some time, but the owner didn't want to sell. There is an implication that the owner didn't want to pay for updates / upgrades and that maintenance may have been skimped on.

Anyway, after a tower collapse in 2003 which injured over a dozen people, Arthurs Seat chairlift was partially rebuilt using Doppelmayr parts and reopened in 2004. However later that year a chair slipped back along the rope and in 2006 the chairlift stopped for 3 hours leaving passengers stranded. It closed permanently later in 2006.

The "Arthurs Seat Eagle" gondola was built along its path and that opened in December 2016. It is quite popular with tourists and well worth a ride if you are on the Mornington Peninsula south of Melbourne.

But even the geriatric and allegedly poorly maintained old chairlift on Arthurs Seat never dropped chairs.... unlike Thredbo's Gunbarrel.

2.50 Fairfax video on the old chairlift and new gondola history, I can't get it to embed here.

The Portsea chairlift (1962 - circa 1971) built by Australian manufacturer Ron McCallum.

The Portsea chairlift (1962 - circa 1971) built by Australian manufacturer Ron McCallum.


More on the proposed Albury grass ski lift. The original owners of the park Peter King and his brother Graeme employed a local engineer in Albury named Jock Hutton to design the lift and it was built by a local engineering shop. He thinks they commissioned it in 86-87 for grass skiing and after grass skiing died a natural death in the late nineties, a local guy along with Peter built some wheeled toboggans and park guests paid to use it on and off up to 2006 when the park changed ownership... It was planned to be recommissioned by the end of 2013 for a mountain bike park...

Thanks to Tim Moore, Jason Ford and ‘Legs Akimbo’ for details of the Expo ‘88 lifts, Pressman for info on Adelaide Showgrounds chairlift, Russell Diffey for details of the Albury lift, Maurie Copsey for info on FNQ ropeways and these posters from for help with this section: SnowAndrew, ians 158, HiLo, jt-ski, Heinz, Dive, BLB, cashie, SAL, Claude Cat, pigface, Rowdy, PolePlant, K10, TACKIE, Mamabear, kimberlee81, currawong, D-eye, the following from : Johnmc, 2001, watchdog, and these posters from : reanimated35, pinksmile, AlexB

20. Proposed ski developments outside snow fields

Location Date Proposed Notes
Perth area, W.A. 2007 - 2010 Proposed indoor 400 m ski slope. website
Kooralbyn, Qld 1990's Proposed outdoor 300m slope on artificial snow. website
Hobart, Tas 2010 Revival of 1990's plan for Mt Wellington cable car with slick video and Facebook page
Sydney, NSW c.2007? Proposed snow dome, was proposed to open in 2016. website

21. Cross country ski resorts (no lifts)

Surprisingly, the resort logos shown at the start of the sections on downhill ski resorts have been remarkably popular. So to complete the record, here are logos from cross country resorts with links to their websites.

Please send any older logos not shown on this page to: australianmountains (at)

 Dinner Plain (Victoria). Resort website.

 Lake Mountain (Victoria). Resort website.

 Mt Donna Buang (Victoria). No resort website, no skiing since 1950s. Donna Buang ski history article.

 Mt Stirling (Victoria). Resort website.

 Mt St Gwinear (Victoria). Resort website.

WikiSki notes on Australian backcountry ski touring in all states.

22. Links


  • The Australian page of contains 80 historic lift and run maps of all Australian ski resorts and the club fields at Mt St Bernard and Mt Mawson.

  • A useful illustrated glossary of ski lift terms. It's American, so some terms may be a little different.

  • The well illustrated site Australian oversnow equipment has information on oversnow vehicles used in Australia, with a blog and a directory of manufacturers.

  • Chairlift identifier. Identify the manufacturer and age of lifts by parts such as grips, terminals, sheaves, etc.

Other ski lift directories

  • List of New Zealand Ski Lifts. A page which started well, but is no longer maintained, possibly due to overzealous interference from Wikipedia editors.

  • A directory of Swiss ski lifts. Despite a basic English interface, much of the text is in German.

  • Lift World includes lifts in most countries, but there are lots of omissions and only two Australian resorts have (incomplete) entries.

23. Older news stories.

See the top of this page for recent lift related stories.

Vail logo.png

21 December 2018. The media is full of reports that Merlin Entertainments may sell the Mt Hotham and Falls Creek lift companies to Vail Resorts. It appears that Colorado based Alterra Mountain Company may have also been interested in buying the resorts.

logo merlin.png

Merlin is the worlds second largest owner of tourist attractions (including Legoland, Madame Tussauds, theme parks, over 50 aquariums, etc.). It acquired Falls and Hotham as part of a package deal of attractions in 2011, but has never owned any other ski resorts. Unlike Merlin’s broad approach, Vail is a specialist ski company and the worlds largest owner of ski resorts including Perisher in NSW.

Neither Merlin nor Vail are saying anything and the media is reporting widely divergent prices for the alleged transaction, so whether this is a real sale or just speculation that has got out of hand will presumably be revealed in the next few months. The best summary of the speculation and what is known is in the Financial Review.

UPDATE. The deal was finally confirmed on 22 February 2019 (Australian time). Vail’s media release gives the price as A$174 million for both resorts. The deal received ACCC clearance and was finalised on 5 April 2019.

The chairlift that operated in the Swiss pavilion at Brisbane’s Expo ‘88.

1 December 2018. No new projects were announced in the spring, however this page has been updated to include a chairlift that went around corners and a handle tow that operated on indoor ski slopes in the Swiss pavilion at Expo ‘88 in Brisbane (Section 18). Additionally a list of the 16 lifts built by Australian ski lift manufacturer McCallum Engineering has been added (Section 22.1). Finally I’m still looking for confirmation of a ski lift that may have been operated by the Murray Valley Ski Club around 1970 at Diamantina Hut near Mt Hotham. It was reported by a rather reliable person, but any further conformation of its existence would be useful, solid details such as its route, a map, a photo or printed information would be appreciated even more. Please send details to australianmountains (at)

Hotham Playground by Snowbound cropped version 73435_ba240743f51c2f44914ba7f0c60e979b.jpg

7 October 2018. It appears that Mt Hotham’s Playground chairlift ran for the last time today. While the resort has not made an announcement, staff have verbally confirmed its fate. Hotham’s first chairlift (and the oldest surviving chairlift in Victoria) operated for 50 ski seasons, although it was shortened from 954 to 614 metres after the 1992 season. A new profile of the chairlift is under the table of lifts in Section 10. Mt Hotham.


16 August 2018. The final design for the Mt Wellington Cableway in Hobart was revealed today. It replaces the previous plan for a two stage system of an aerial tram and a gondola. The new plan will have a 2.7 km aerial tramway with a vertical gain of 920 metres featuring a span of 2040 metres between support towers. Passengers will be transported in two 80 person, 7 x 4 metre cabins travelling at a speedy 10 metres a second. The top station will be recessed into the mountain with a more discreet profile than the current shelter. Details of the plan on the MWCC website.


9 August 2018.  Mt Buller has announced that Blue Bullet 1 will be replaced with a six pack. It will be built during the 2018 - 2019 summer at a cost of $6 million. Dating from 1984, BB1 was one of the first detachable quad chairlifts in the world and is one of the oldest surviving ones. No announcement yet on which manufacturer will produce the new lift, but given Bullers remarkably consistent brand loyalty to Doppelmayr, no one will be surprised if the detachable six pack is another Dopp. Link to media release. UPDATE 15 March 2019. Lift will be called Bourke St Express.

mawson tow poles.png

17 May 2018. The Rodway Tow at Mt Mawson, Australia's steepest surface lift, has been repaired. The tow was buried under snow for most of the 2017 ski season and was caught in a slow moving 'slab avalanche', resulting in the poles that support the tow rope being severely bent and several pulley arms and sheaves were destroyed. The Southern Tasmanian Ski Association has straightened the poles and replaced the arms and sheaves, allowing the tow to operate on weekends in 2018, provided sufficient volunteers are available. STSA news report. In other Tasmanian ski news, the pub at the northern resort of Ben Lomond burnt down last night. ABC news report.

16 May 2018. A 9 km, $60 million gondola 'transport system' will be built to replace crowded shuttle buses on the gravel road from Cradle Mountain visitor centre to Dove Lake. The road is closed to public vehicles but still has heavy traffic as buses take 250,000 tourists annually to the the lake. A viewing shelter will be be built on the revegetated site of the present car park. The Prime Minister announced that the Commonwealth would fund half the cost, matching a state government commitment for the same amount.

22 February 2018. Thredbo has filed an application to replace Merritts fixed grip double chairlift with a Doppelmayr designed gondola costing $10.67 million. The gondola will follow the same path as the chairlift, but with a slightly higher mid station. The lift will have 50 cabins able to carry 8 passengers each. It be 1311 metres long with a 299 m vertical rise and have 13 towers compared with 17 for the old chairlift. It will run at 5 metres per second providing a 6 minute ride, much faster than up to 20 minutes at present. Capacity will increase from 520 to 2000 passengers per hour.

Construction is planned to begin with demolition of the old lift in October 2018 and the gondola will debut at the start of the 2019 ski season. It will be the first new lift at Thredbo (excluding carpets) since 1994. The current Merritts chairlift first ran in 1968 and is Australia's last remaining Riblet lift. The vast number of documents necessary to satisfy modern bureaucracy can be viewed at this link, the first 8 pages of the Statement of environmental effects summarise the project. UPDATE June 2018. Merritts will live another year, the gondola will now be installed in the summer of 2019/2020.

20 January 2018. In stark contrast to other resorts building quad chairs and gondolas this year, Lake Mountain, a cross country ski resort , will be installing its first lift, a moving carpet on a toboggan slope. On 28/12/17 it was announced that the carpet would be on the Park slope, but this has been revised to the Village toboggan run. Link to the latest announcement and the original announcement. UPDATE. Two carpets were installed, although the resort never formally announced this.

8 December 2017. Perisher announced a new fixed grip quad chairlift to replace the Leichhardt T-bar and Home handle tow for the 2019 season. 18 months notice before opening allows skiers the 2018 season to farewell the old lifts. which were built in 1976 and 1982 respectively. Media release. The budget for the chairlift and "significant" additional snow making is a relatively modest $4.2 million, reflecting both the short length of the new lift and that it will be fixed grip rather than detachable.

26 September 2017. Falls Creek has announced that it will replace its Eagle triple chairlift dating from 1980 with a new $9 millon Leitner-Poma detachable quad chairlift. The new lift will be operating by the start of the 2018 ski season. This will be the first lift built by Merlin Entertainments since they bought Falls Creek and Mt Hotham in 2011. Media releases in Snowsbest and the Border Mail.

3 December 2016. The Arthurs Seat Eagle gondola formally opened. Located at Dromana to the south of Melbourne, it is the first dedicated gondola in Victoria, although a 'chondola' (a hybrid gondola and chairlift) has operated at Mt Buller since 1986.

28 October 2016. A fund raising campaign has been launched by a company wishing to buy Ben Lomond's Alpine Enterprises (lifts) and Snow Sports (ski school, ski hire & cafe). The campaign offers discounted season passes to subscribers if it is successful. There are plans to increase slope grooming and install 15 extra snow making machines on the five busiest runs and on a toboggan slope.

14 September 2016. The 'Eagle Skylift Arthurs Seat' will open on 3 December. Video of load testing is on their Facebook page. Rides in the first 8 seat gondola are being auctioned on their website with proceeds going to charity. The next gondolas will be filled by VIPs before the lift is open to the public.

27 May 2016. Corin Forest on the outskirts of Canberra has installed a 75 metre long carpet, the first ski lift for 20 years at this mainly cross country skiing and snow play destination. It is Australia's only new ski lift for 2016 although construction of the Arthurs Seat tourist gondola in Victoria is nearly complete. Canberra Times article.

2 October 2015. Selwyn Snowfields has been bought by the Blyton Group, owners of Charlotte Pass. Media release. The resort logo was changed for the 2016 season.

21 July 2015. The $16 million Arthurs Seat Skylift has passed all planning hurdles, a 50 year lease has been signed and construction is due to begin shortly with a planned opening in 2016. It appears it will be a 'chondola', a detachable quad chair that also features gondola cabins. Link to newspaper article.

14 June 2015. Sea World on the Gold Coast closed its 'Sky High Skyway' pulsed gondola and removed the open cabins from the ride. Aus Parks report.

15 December 2014. $14 million Arthurs Seat gondola near Melbourne granted planning approval. This one looks likely to go ahead, the syndicate appears to be well organised and to have adequate funding. There is an informal NIMBY group, however they don't appear to have any tangible moral or legal arguments against replacing the old chairlift with a gondola. Newspaper article.

11 December 2014. A tubing lift (ex Mt Buffalo) arrived at Dinner Plain and will be operating for the 2015 snow season.

30 June 2014. Perisher's new Freedom chairlift at Guthega operated for the first time today. Report and video.

17 April 2014 The Hobart Cable Car proposal has been formally launched. It will involve a Doppelmayr gondola from the Cascade brewery to Golden Gully Park, approximately a third of the way up the mountain. Activities such as mountain biking and a high rope course will be based there. From Golden Gully an aerial tram will head up to The Pinnacle at the top of the mountain.  (an earlier proposal was for a funitel twin cable gondola) Details at their Facebook page and website.

Finally, this listing is regularly updated, so if you notice any errors or omissions, please send an email to australianmountains (at)

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